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1554 ca1500s-1600s1646
a tribal chief of the Powhatan Confederacy of what is now Virginia in the United States, and its leader from sometime after 1618 until his death in 1646. His name meant "He whose Soul is White" in the Algonquian Powhatan language. He was the famous Chief Powhatan's younger brother (or possibly half-brother). He led the Indian massacre of 1622.
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Opchanacanough1554 ca1500
 
16091646

Henry VII1457, Jan 281485
 
15091509, Apr 21
  King of England from seizing the crown on 22 August 1485 until his death on 21 April 1509, and t...
John I1455, Feb 21483
 
15131513, Feb 20
 a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union. He was King of Denmark (1481–1513), Norway (1483...
King James IV1473, Mar 171488
 
15131513, Sep 9
 the King of Scots from 11 June 1488 to his death. He assumed the throne following the death of hi...
Afonso de Albuquerque1453 ca1471
 
15151515, Dec 16
 a Portuguese general, a "great conqueror," a statesman, and an empire builder. He is generally co...
King Louis XII1462, Jun 271498
 
15151515, Jan 1
 a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1498 to 1515 and King of Naples...
Patrick Paniter1470 ca1500
 
15171519
 Scottish churchman and principal secretary to James V. Paniter was born around 1470 at the villag...
Aruj Barbarossa1473/741495
 
15181518
 Ottoman Bey (governor) of Algiers and Beylerbey (chief governor) of the West Mediterranean and th...
Diego Velasquez de Cuellar14651490
 
15191524, Jun 12
 a Spanish conquistador. He first visited the New World with the crew of Christopher Columbus' sec...
Selim I1465/66/70, Oct 101512
 
 
15201520, Sep 22
 the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1512 to 1520. His reign ...
Gavin Douglas1474 ca1496
 
15211522, Sep
 a Scottish bishop, makar and translator. Although he had an important political career, it is for...
Christian II1481, Jul 11513
 
 
15231559, Jan 25
 a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union. He reigned as King of Denmark and Norway from 1513...
Philip of Burgundy14641498
 
15241524
 Admiral of the Netherlands from 1498 to 1517 and bishop of Utrecht from 1517 to 1524. In the year...
Emperor Go-Kashiwabara 1464, Nov 191500
 
15261526, May 19
 the 104th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from Nov...
Ramathibodi II14731491
 
15291529
 the King of Sukhothai from 1485 and King of Ayutthaya from 1491 to 1529. His reign was marked by ...
Frederick I1471, Oct 71523
 
 
15331533, Apr 10
 the King of Denmark and Norway. His name is also spelled Friedrich in German, Frederik in Danish ...
Borommarachathira IVunknown1529
 
 
15331533
 the short-reigning king of Ayutthaya from 1529 to 1533. Prince Athittayawong was the son of Ramat...
Ratsadathirat1528/291533/34
 
 
1533/341534/35
 the twelfth king of Ayutthaya, an ancient kingdom in Thailand. He was a son of Borommarachathirat...
Olav Engelbrektsson1480 ca1533
 
 
15371538, Feb 7
 the 28th Archbishop of Norway from 1523 to 1537, the Regent of Norway from 1533 to 1537, a member...
Pedro de Alvarado1485 ca1510
 
 
15411541, Jul 4
 a Spanish conquistador and governor of Guatemala. He participated in the conquest of Cuba, in Jua...
Chairachathiratunknown1534
 
 
15461546
 King of the Ayutthaya kingdom of Siam. His reign was remarkable for the influx of Portuguese trad...
King Henry VIII1491, Jun 281509
 
 
15471547, Jan 28
  King of England from 1509 until his death and Supreme Head of the Church of England from 1536 to...
Francis I of France1494, Sep 121515
 
 
15471547, Mar 31
  the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 u...
Worawongsathiratunknown1548
 
 
15481548, Nov 11
 a usurper in the Ayutthaya Kingdom, ruling for only 42 days in 1548 before being assassinated. Si...
John Hubrechtszunknown1530
 
 
1549unknown
 a sheriff of Amsterdam, later declared a heretic
Pedro de Valdivia1497, Apr 171520
 
 
15531553, Dec 25
 a Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile. After serving with the Spanish army...
Edward VI1537, Oct 121547
 
 
15531553, Jul 6
  King of England and Ireland (and Supreme Head of the Church of England) from 28 January 1547 unt...
Lady Jane Grey1536/371553
 
 
15531554, Feb 12
 an English noblewoman and de facto monarch of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553...
Anne of Cleves1515, Sep 221539
 
 
15541557, Jul 16
  Queen of England from 6 January to 9 July 1540 as the fourth wife of King Henry VIII. The marri...
Pedro Mascarenhas14701512
 
 
15551555, Jun 16
 a Portuguese explorer and colonial administrator. He was the first European to discover the islan...
HRE Charles V1500, Feb 241506
 
 
15561558, Sep 21
 ruler of both the Spanish Empire from 1516 and the Holy Roman Empire from 1519, as well as of the...
Emperor Go-Nara 1495, Jan 261526
 
 
15571557, Sep 27
 the 105th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from Jun...
Isabella Jagiellon1519, Jan 181530
 
 
15571559, Sep 15
 the oldest child of Polish King Sigismund I the Old and his Italian wife Bona Sforza. In 1539, sh...
Queen Mary I1516, Feb 181553
 
 
15581558, Nov 17
 the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her executions of Protestants le...
Christian III1503, Aug 121537
 
 
15591559, Jan 1
 reigned as king of Denmark from 1534 until his death and Norway from 1537 until his death. During...
King Henry II1519, Mar 311547
 
 
15591559, Jul 10
 a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death i...
Francis II of France1544, Jan 191559
 
 
15601560, Dec 5
 a monarch of the House of Valois-Angoulême who was King of France from 1559 to 1560. He was also...
Robert of Berghesunknown1557
 
 
15631564
 87th Prince-bishop of Liège (1557–1563). He was forced to resign the see on 30 March 1563, due...
HRE Ferdinand I1503, Mar 101521
 
 
15641564, Jul 25
  Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 15...
Turgut Reis14851500
 
15651565, Jun 23
 an Ottoman Greek Admiral and privateer who also served as Bey of Algiers; Beylerbey of the Medite...
Miguel Lopez de Legazpi1502 ca1528
 
 
15651572, Aug 20
 a Basque Spanish navigator and governor who established the first Spanish settlement in the East ...
Chan Iunknown1516
 
 
15661566
 one of the most illustrious Cambodian kings (reigned 1516–66) of the post-Angkor era. He succes...
Suleiman I1494, Nov 61520
 
 
15661566, Sep 7
  the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate, ...
Pedro de la Gasca1485, Jun1542
 
 
15671567, Nov 13
 a Spanish bishop, diplomat and the second (acting) viceroy of Peru, from April 10, 1547 to Januar...
Sunan Gunungjati14481479
 
15681568, Sep 19
  one of the Wali Songo, or nine saints of Islam revered in Indonesia. He founded the Sultanate of...
Lamoral of Egmont1522, Nov 181542
 
 
15681568, Jun 5
 a general and statesman in the Spanish Netherlands just before the start of the Eighty Years' War...
Takanobu Matsura15291540
 
 
15691599, Apr 1
 a 16th-century Japanese samurai and 25th hereditary lord of the Matsura clan of Hirado. He was on...
Maha Chakkraphat15091548
 
 
15691569
 king of the Ayutthaya kingdom from 1548 to 1564 and 1568 to 1569. Originally called Prince Thianr...
Matsura Takanobu15291550
 
 
15691599, Apr 1
  a 16th-century Japanese samurai and 25th hereditary lord of the Matsura clan of Hirado. He was o...
Charles IX1550, Jun 271560
 
 
15741574, May 30
 a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1560 until his death from tuber...
Selim II1524, May 281566
 
 
15741574, Dec 12/15
  the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1566 until his death in...
Maximilian II1527, Jul 311564
 
 
15761576, Oct 12
 a member of the Austrian House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1564 until his death. He ...
Emperor Ogimachi 1517, Jun 181557
 
 
15861593, Feb 6
 the 106th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from Oct...
Mary Stuart1542, Dec 81558
 
 
15871587, Feb 8
 reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567. As Mary was an infant when she inher...
Frederick II1534, Jul 11559
 
 
15881588, Apr 4
 King of Denmark and Norway and duke of Schleswig from 1559 until his death. He was hailed as succ...
Henry III1551, Sep 191573
 
 
15891589, Aug 2
 a monarch of the House of Valois who was elected the monarch of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealt...
Charles II of Austria1540, Jun 31564
 
 
15901590, Jul 10
 an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria (Styria, Carniola and Carinthia) from 1564. He ...
Mahathammarachathirat15091569
 
 
15901590, Jun
 the first King of Ayutthaya Kingdom of the Sukhothai dynasty ruling from 1569 to 1590. As a power...
Ferdinand II1529, Jun 141564
 
 
15951595, Jan 24
 ruler of Further Austria including Tirol. The son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, he was marr...
Murad III1546, Jul 41574
 
 
15951595, Jan 15/16
 the emperor and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death in 1595. Murad's reign is ...
King Philip II1527, May 211540
 
 
15981598, Sep 13
  King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples a...
Queen Elizabeth I1533, Sep 71558
 
 
16031603, Mar 24
 Queen of England and Ireland (and Supreme Governor of the Church of England ) from 17 November 15...
Mehmed III1566, May 261595
 
 
16031603, Dec 21/22
  the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1595 until his death in 1603. His reign is most...
Henry IV1553, Dec 131572
 
16101610, May 14
 King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was the...
Emperor Go-Yozei 1571, Dec 311586
 
16111617, Sep 25
  the 107th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Go-Yozei's reign s...
Rudolf II1552, Jul 181576
 
16121612, Jan 20
  Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572–1608), King o...
Sampson Lennard15441571
 
16141615, Sep 20
 an English Member of Parliament who represented an unusually large number of different constituen...
William Parkerunknown1587
 
16171617
 an English captain and privateer, and also Mayor of Plymouth. He was born near Plymouth and wa...
Ahmed I1590, Apr 181603
 
16171617, Nov 22
 the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Caliphate from 1603 unti...
Maximilian III1558, Oct 121593
 
16181618, Nov 2
 the Archduke of Further Austria from 1612 until his death. From 1585 Maximilian became the Grandm...
HRE Matthias1557, Feb 241595
 
16191619, Mar 20
  Holy Roman Emperor from 1612, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1608 (as Matthias II) and King of...
Farrukh Pashaunknown1593
 
16211621
 the Ottoman governor of Nablus and Jerusalem in the early 17th century, and founder of the Farruk...
Albert VII1559, Nov 131598
 
16211621, Jul 13
 the ruling Archduke of Austria for a few months in 1619 and, jointly with his wife, Isabella Clar...
King James I1566, Jun 191603
 
16251625, Mar 27
  King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland (and Supreme Head...
Francis Bacon1561, Jan 221579
 
16261626, Apr 9
 an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist and author. He served both...
Robert Naunton15631606
 
16261635, Mar 27
 an English writer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1606 an...
Juan de Onate15501595
 
16291626/1630
 a Novohispanic Conquistador, explorer, and colonial governor of the Santa Fe de Nuevo México pro...
Willem Janszoon1570 ca1598
 
16291630
 a Dutch navigator and colonial governor. Janszoon served in the Netherlands East Indies in the pe...
Henry Wotton1568, Mar 301588
 
16331639, Dec
 an English author, diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1614 and 1625. Of 2...
Albrecht von Wallenstein1583, Sep 241604
 
16341634, Feb 25
 a Bohemian military leader and politician who offered his services, and an army of 30,000 to 100,...
HRE Ferdinand III1608, Jul 131590/1619
 
16371657, Apr 2
  Holy Roman Emperor from 15 February 1637 until his death, as well as King of Hungary and Croatia...
Hendrik Brouwer15811606
 
16431643, Aug 7
 a Dutch explorer, admiral, and colonial administrator both in Japan and the Dutch East Indies. He...
Christian IV1577, Apr 121588
 
16481648, Feb 28
 king of Denmark-Norway and Duke of Holstein and Schleswig from 1588 to 1648. His 59-year reign is...
Maximilian I of Bavaria1573, Apr 171591
 
16511651, Sep 27
 a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and a prince-elector (Kurfürst) of the Holy Roman Empire. His rei...
Myles Standish1584 ca1603
 
16561656, Oct 3
 an English military officer hired by the Pilgrims as military adviser for Plymouth Colony. He acc...
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