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1628, May 171632-16621662, Dec 30
the Archduke of Further Austria, including Tyrol, from 1646 to 1662. As the son of Archduke Leopold V and Claudia de' Medici, he succeeded his father upon the latter's death in 1632, under his mother's regency. He took over his mother's governatorial duties when he came of age in 1646. To finance his extravagant living style, he sold goods and entitlements.
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Ferdinand Charles1628, May 171632
 
16621662, Dec 30

Henry Wotton1568, Mar 301588
 
16331639, Dec
 an English author, diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1614 and 1625. Of 2...
Albrecht von Wallenstein1583, Sep 241604
 
16341634, Feb 25
 a Bohemian military leader and politician who offered his services, and an army of 30,000 to 100,...
Johannes van Walbeeck16021634
 
 
16341649+
 a Dutch navigator and cartographer during a 1620s circumnavigation of the earth, an admiral of th...
HRE Ferdinand III1608, Jul 131590/1619
 
16371657, Apr 2
  Holy Roman Emperor from 15 February 1637 until his death, as well as King of Hungary and Croatia...
Peter Minuit1583 ca1625
 
16381638, Aug 5
 a Walloon from Wesel, in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, then part of the Duchy of C...
George William1595, Nov 131619
 
16401640, Dec 1
 margrave and elector of Brandenburg and duke of Prussia from 1619 until his death. His reign was ...
Murad IV1612, Jul 26/271623
 
16401640, Feb 8
 the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, known both for restoring the autho...
Hendrik Brouwer15811606
 
16431643, Aug 7
 a Dutch explorer, admiral, and colonial administrator both in Japan and the Dutch East Indies. He...
King Louis XIII1601, Sep 2781610
 
16431643, May 14
 a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navar...
Empress Meisho unknown1629
 
1643unknown
 Given name: Okiko
Sultan Agung of Mataram15931613
 
16451645
 A skilled soldier, he conquered neighbouring states and expanded and consolidated his kingdom to ...
Michael I1596, Jul 121613
 
16451645, Jul 13
 the first Russian Tsar of the house of Romanov after the zemskiy sobor of 1613 elected him to rul...
Zhang Xianzhong1606, Sep 181644
 
 
16461647, Jan 2
 a leader of a peasant revolt from Yan'an, Shaanxi Province. He served in the Ming army, and while...
Christian IV1577, Apr 121588
 
16481648, Feb 28
 king of Denmark-Norway and Duke of Holstein and Schleswig from 1588 to 1648. His 59-year reign is...
Ibrahim I1615, Nov 51640
 
 
16481648, Aug 18
 the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1640 until 1648. Ibrahim...
Charles I1600, Nov 191625
 
16491649, Jan 30
 was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and Supreme Governor of the ...
Maximilian I of Bavaria1573, Apr 171591
 
16511651, Sep 27
 a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and a prince-elector (Kurfürst) of the Holy Roman Empire. His rei...
Emperor Go-Komyo 1633, Apr 201643
 
 
16541654, Oct 30
 the 110th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Go-Komyo's reign sp...
Myles Standish1584 ca1603
 
16561656, Oct 3
 an English military officer hired by the Pilgrims as military adviser for Plymouth Colony. He acc...
Bohdan Khmelnytsky1595 ca1617
 
16571657, Aug 6
 a Ukrainian Hetman of the Zaporozhian Host of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in the Polish–...
Ferdinand IV1633, Sep 81637
 
 
16571654, Jul 9
 made King of Bohemia in 1646, King of Hungary and Croatia in 1647, and King of the Romans on 31 M...
Oliver Cromwell1599, Apr 251628
 
16581658, Sep 3
 an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England,...
John Stone [2]unknown1650
 
 
1659unknown
 an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1653 and 1659. In 1653, Stone was e...
Richard Cromwell1626, Oct 41658
 
 
16591712, Jul 12
 Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland, and one of only two commoners to become the Engl...
Nathaniel Bacon [3]1593, Dec 121645
 
 
16601660
 an English Puritan lawyer, writer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times...
Charles X Gustav1622, Nov 81654
 
 
16601660, Feb 13
  King of Sweden from 1654 until his death. He was the son of John Casimir, Count Palatine of Zwei...
Zhu Youlang1623, Nov 11646
 
16621662, Jun 1
 the fourth and last emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty of China. His era name means "Perpetual ...
Emperor Go-Sai 1638, Jan 11655
 
16631685, Mar 22
 the 111th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Go-Sai's reign span...
Philip IV1605, Apr 81621
 
16651665, Sep 17
  King of Spain (as Philip IV in Castille and Philip III in Aragon) and Portugal as Philip III (Po...
Ferdinando II de' Medici1610, Jul 141621
 
16701670, May 23
  grand duke of Tuscany from 1621 to 1670. He was the eldest son of Cosimo II de' Medici and Maria...
Frederick III of Denmark1609, Mar 181648
 
16701670, Feb 9
 king of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death. He also governed under the name Frederick I...
Nathaniel Bacon [5]1647, Jan 21660
 
16761676, Oct 26
 a colonist of the Virginia Colony, famous as the instigator of Bacon's Rebellion of 1676, which c...
Amangkurat Iunknown1646
 
1677unknown
 the sultan of Mataram from 1646 to 1677. He was the son of the powerful Sultan Agung. Upon takin...
Metacomet1639 ca1660
 
16791676
 Wampanoag; The second son of Massasoit, Metacomet (or King Philip) led an open rebellion against ...
Denzil Holles1599, Oct 311624
 
16801680, Feb 17
 an English statesman and writer, best known as one of the Five Members whose attempted unconstitu...
Kara Mustafa Pasha1634/351660
 
16831683, Dec 25
 an Ottoman military leader and grand vizier who was a central character in the Ottoman Empire's l...
Charles II of England1630, May 291660
 
16851685, Feb 6
 the monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and Supreme Governor of the ...
Mehmed IV1642, Jan 21648
 
16871693, Jan 6
 the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. Taking the throne at age six, his ...
Frederick William1620, Feb 161640
 
16881688, Apr 29
 Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia, thus ruler of Brandenburg-Prussia, from 1640 until hi...
Roger L'Estrange1616, Dec 171639
 
17021704, Dec 11
 an English pamphleteer, author and staunch defender of Royalist claims. L'Estrange was involved i...
Willem van Outhoorn1635, May 41659
 
17041720, Nov 27
  Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1691 to 1704. He was born and died in the Dutch E...
King Louis XIV1638, Sep 51643
 
17151715, Sep 1
 a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715. ...
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