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1808, Apr 201852-18701873, Jan 9
the only President (1848–52) of the French Second Republic and, as Napoleon III, the Emperor (1852–70) of the Second French Empire. He was the nephew and heir of Napoleon I. He was the first President of France to be elected by a direct popular vote. He was blocked by the Constitution and Parliament from running for a second term, so he organized a coup d'état in 1851 and then took the throne as Napoleon III on 2 December 1852, the forty-eighth anniversary of Napoleon I's coronation. He remains the longest-serving French head of state since the French Revolution.
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 Timeline (10)
01/19/1808- Napoleon III signs first Dutch aviation law 
04/09/1808-Mayor Wolters offers French king Napoleon III town hall as a palace 
02/01/1809-Dutch King Napoleon III accepts metric system 
11/10/1836- Napoleon III banished to America 
12/02/1851- Napoleon III takes power in France in a coup
12/04/1851-President Napoleon III forces crush a coup d'etat in France 
12/02/1852- Napoleon III becomes emperor- - second French empire established
01/29/1853-Emperor Napoleon III marries Eugenie de Montijo
01/14/1858-French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed
07/20/1858-Gathering of Plombieres - Napoleon III meets Camillo Benso
 Contemporaries
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Napoleon III1808, Apr 201852
 
18701873, Jan 9

Millard Fillmore1800, Jan 71850
 
18531874, Mar 8
 the 13th President of the United States (1850–1853), the last Whig president, and the last pres...
Kamehameha III1814, Mar 171825
 
18541854, Dec 15
 the third king of the Kingdom of Hawaii from 1825 to 1854. Under his reign Hawaii evolved from an...
Hamengkubuwono V18201823
 
18551855
  the fifth sultan of Yogyakarta, reigning from December 19, 1823 - August 17, 1826, and then from...
Czar Nicholas I1796, Jun 251825
 
18551855, Feb 18
 the Emperor of Russia from 1825 until 1855. He was also the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Finl...
Karl Nesselrode1780, Dec 141816
 
18561862, Mar 23
 a Baltic German diplomat. His mother was Jewish by origin and Protestant by faith. For forty year...
Franklin Pierce1804, Nov 231853
 
 
18571869, Oct 8
 the 14th President of the United States (1853–1857). Pierce was a northern Democrat who saw the...
Mangas Coloradas1793 ca1820
 
18591863
 an Apache tribal chief and a member of the Mimbreño (Tchihende) division of the Central Apaches,...
Thomas Babington Macaulay1800, Oct 251825
 
18591859, Dec 28
 a British historian and Whig politician. He wrote extensively as an essayist and reviewer; his bo...
King Oscar I of Sweden1799, Jul 41844
 
18591859, Jul 8
  King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death. When, in August 1810, his father Jean-Baptiste...
Lewis Cass1782, Oct 91806
 
18601866, Jun 17
 an American military officer, politician, and statesman. He represented Michigan in the United St...
William Walker1824, May 81852
 
18601860, Sep 12
 an American physician, lawyer, journalist and mercenary, who organized several private military e...
John McLean1785, Mar 111807
 
18611861, Apr 4
 an American jurist and politician who served in the United States Congress, as U.S. Postmaster Ge...
Sam Houston1793, Mar 21812
 
18611863, Jul 26
 an American politician and soldier, best known for his role in bringing Texas into the United Sta...
George M. Dallas1792, Jul 101813
 
18611864, Dec 31
 an American politician and diplomat who served as Mayor of Philadelphia, U.S. Senator from Pennsy...
Abdulmecid I1823, Apr 23/251839
 
18611861, Jun 25
 the 31st Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1839 to 1861. Also Caliph (Islam) of the Ottoman Calip...
George Abernethy1807, Oct 71839
 
18611877, Mar 2
 an American politician, pioneer, notable entrepreneur, and first governor of Oregon under the pro...
James Buchanan1791, Apr 231857
 
 
18611868, Jun 1
 the 15th President of the United States (1857–1861), serving immediately prior to the American ...
Kamehameha IV1834, Feb 91855
 
 
18631863, Nov 30
 reigned as the fourth monarch of Hawaii from January 11, 1855 to November 30, 1863. Alexander Lih...
Theron Metcalf1784, Oct 161807
 
18651875, Nov 12
  an American attorney and politician from Massachusetts. He was a New England jurist and served a...
Emperor Komei 1831, Jul 221846
 
18671867, Jan 30
 the 121st emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Komei's reign spann...
Sir James Brooke1803, Apr 291819
 
18681868, Jun 11
 a British soldier and adventurer who founded the Raj of Sarawak in Borneo. He ruled as the first ...
Billy Bowlegs1810 ca1830
 
18691859
 a leader of the Seminoles in Florida during the Second and Third Seminole Wars against the United...
Black Kettle1803 ca1850
 
18691868
  a prominent leader of the Southern Cheyenne, who led efforts to resist American settlement from ...
John P. Kennedy1795, Oct 251819
 
18701870, Aug 18
 an American novelist and Whig politician who served as United States Secretary of the Navy from J...
Charles XV1826, May 31859
 
18721872, Sep 18
  King of Sweden (Charles XV) and Norway (Charles IV) from 1859 until his death. Though known as K...
John W. Geary1819, Dec 301841
 
18731873, Feb 8
 an American lawyer, politician, Freemason, and a Union general in the American Civil War. He was ...
John C. Breckinridge1821, Jan 161841
 
18751875, May 17
 a lawyer, politician, and soldier from the U.S. state of Kentucky. He represented the state in bo...
Isaac Goodnow1814, Jan 171838
 
18761894, Mar 20
 an abolitionist and co-founder of Kansas State University and Manhattan, Kansas. Goodnow was also...
Hamengkubuwono VI1821, Aug 101855
 
18771877, Jul 20
 the sixth sultan of Yogyakarta, reigning from July 5, 1855 to July 20, 1877. He replaced his olde...
Lone Horn1790 ca1810
 
18791877
 Born in present-day South Dakota, was chief of the Minneconjou Lakota. He participated in the sig...
Benjamin Disraeli1804, Dec 211826
 
18801881, Apr 19
 a British politician and writer, who twice served as Prime Minister. He played a central role in ...
Queen Victoria1819, May 241837
 
19011901, Jan 22
 Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (and Supreme Governor of the Church of E...
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