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Much of what we know about the Early Modern era comes from the writings of that time. With the proliferation of the printing press and a somewhat more literate population, much more literature of this period is preserved (as opposed to earlier times). Whether from a novel, play, travel journal or scientific paper, these writings add greatly to our knowledge of our history.
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Tomas O Caiside

aka: Tomás Ó Caiside
borndied
1709 ca1773 ca
an Irish friar, soldier, and poet. What is known of his life is told in Eachtra Thomáis Uí Chaiside ("The Adventures of Tomás Ó Caiside") which he wrote himself. He was dismissed from the friary of Ballyhaunis "on account of a bad senseless marriage" and spent the rest of his life travelling all over Ireland and Britain, as well as central Europe.
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Sean O Cathain

aka: Seán Ó Catháin
bornactivedied
unknown1720sunknown
an Irish scribe. Little is known of Ó Catháin. He transcribed Trí Biorghaoithe an Bháis – by Seathrún Céitinn – and Beatha Chaitríona, "air forálamh an óig úasail róonoraigh fhíorchartannaidh .i. Fhroinnsais Óig a Blake mhic Tomais oíghreadh na bForbach" (for Francis Óg son of Thomas Blake of Furbogh, County Galway) in 1726, now BM Egerto...
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Cu Chonnacht O Cianain

aka: Cú Chonnacht Ó Cianáin
borndied
unknown1615
a rymer or chronicler to Rory Maguire. He was apparently the first man racked in Ireland, the instrument being used most severely upon him during an interrogation into a bungled insurrection in early summer 1615. On 31 July of that year, he and five others were condemned to death in Derry, and he is believed to have been hung shortly afterwards. He is also d...
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Tadhg O Cianain

aka: Ó Cianáin
borndied
unknown1614 ca
an Irish writer. He was the author of Imeacht na nIarlaí/The Earls' Departure, a diary of the Flight of the Earls, kept from September 1607 to November 1608, from Rathmullen, County Donegal to Rome. It is the earliest example in Irish of the diary genre.
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Cu Choigcriche O Cleirigh

aka: Cú Choigcríche Ó Cléirigh, Peregrine O'Clery
bornactivedied
unknown1624-1664unknown
an Irish historian and genealogist, known in English as Peregrine O'Clery. Along with Brother Mícheál, Ó Cléirigh transcribed the years 1332-1608 in the annals. The earliest copy of Lughaidh Ó Cléirigh's life of Aodh Ruadh Ó Domhnaill is in his handwriting. He also wrote a poem on Mary, sister of Red Hugh O'Donnell, who died in 1662, which is now amon...
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Lughaidh O Cleirigh

aka: Ó Cléirigh, Lewey O'Clery
bornactivedied
unknown1603-1616unknown
an Irish Gaelic poet and historian. He is best known today as the author of Beatha Aodha Ruaidh Uí Dhomhnaill, a biography of Red Hugh O'Donnell. Ó Cléirigh is best known as the author of Beatha Aodha Ruaidh Uí Dhomhnaill (Life of Red Hugh O'Donnell), a biography of Red Hugh, a leader in the Nine Years' War. The work was a major source for the account o...
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Micheal O Cleirigh

aka: Mícheál Ó Cléirigh, Michael O'Clery
borndied
1590 ca1643
an Irish chronicler, scribe and antiquary and chief author of the Annals of the Four Masters, assisted by Cú Choigcríche Ó Cléirigh, Fearfeasa Ó Maol Chonaire, and Peregrinus Ó Duibhgeannain.
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Diarmait O Cobhthaigh

aka: Ó Cobhthaigh
bornactivedied
unknown1580sunknown
a member of a hereditary bardic family, based in what is now County Westmeath but was once the heartland of the original kingdom of Mide. The family were from the district known as Fir Thulach. Dairmait was the author of a lament for his murdered relative, Uaithne Ó Cobhthaigh (died 1556), which begins Dá néll orcha ós iath Uisnigh/Two clouds of woe over...
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Donnchadh O Cobhthaigh

aka: Ó Cobhthaigh
bornactivedied
unknown1584 caunknown
an Irish poet. He was the author of a penitential composition, Acht mar uisge d'éis a leata ("Just as water, after it has frozen"), which was a translation of the Latin poem Lympha coacta gelu ("Liquid, condensed by cold"). The translation survives only in a black half-column of Rawlinson B 505, on folio 89vb, a collection of Irish saint's lives now held by...
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Muircheartach O Cobhthaigh

aka: Ó Cobhthaigh
bornactivedied
unknown1586 caunknown
an Irish poet. A member of the Ó Cobhthaigh clan of poets from County Westmeath. He is known as the author of six extant poems. Other poems by him may yet survive but cannot now be ascribed.
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Tadhg O Cobhthaigh

aka: Ó Cobhthaigh
bornactivedied
unknown1550sunknown
an Irish poet. Ó Cobhthaigh was a member of a hereditary bardic family based in what is now County Westmeath. All that is known of his parents is that his father's name was Aedh. Among his know surviving works is Crann seoil na cruinne an chroch naomtha (The holy cross is the mast of the world) and a lament of one hundred verses on the death of King of Uí ...
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Uaithne O Cobhthaigh

aka: Ó Cobhthaigh
borndied
unknown1556
an Irish poet. At least two of his poems are extant: Mó ná iarla anim Shémais/Greater than an earl is the name of James, and the theological poem, Fada an cuimhne so ar choir nDe/Long be this rememberence on the justice of God, which consists of one hundred and sixty verses.
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Ferceirtne O Curnin

aka: Ó Curnín
borndied
unknown1519
an Irish poet. Ó Curnín was a member of a brehon literary family of the Kingdom of Breifne. The Annals of the Four Masters record his death, sub anno 1519: Ferceirtne O'Cuirnin, a confidential servant of Owen O'Rourke, and head of the literary men of his tribe ... died.
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Aonghus Fionn O Dalaigh

aka: Ó Dálaigh
bornactivedied
unknown1520-1570unknown
an Irish poet. Thought to have been born in County Meath, Aonghus Fionn was the head of the branch of the Ó Dálaigh family who were poets to the MacCarthy of Desmond. Only three of his poems are extant: Cionnus dhíolfad mo luach leighis?, Grian na Maighdean Máthair Dé and Ná déana díomas, a dhuine.
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Lochlann Og O Dalaigh

aka: Lochlann Óg Ó Dálaigh
bornactivedied
unknown1610 caunknown
an early modern Irish poet. A native of Munster and a member of the Ó Dálaigh clan of poets, he wrote poetry lamenting the eclipse of the native society and culture of Ireland. Cait ar ghabhader Gaoidhil? ("Where have the Gaels gone?") he asked, and answered himself thus: "In their place we have a proud impure swarm of foreigners". He was a son of Tadhg Ó...
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Proinsias O Doibhlin

aka: Ó Doibhlin
borndied
unknown1724 ca
an Irish Franciscan friar. He is the author of a poem, Gach croiceann libh dar feannadh (Every skin you have fleeced), criticising Gearóid Mac Con Míde for the latters apparent slurs on the O'Neills of Tyrone. Composed sometime between 1716 and 1718, it was known among members of Tadhg Ó Neachtain's literary circle, as a letter survives from Seon Mac Sola...
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Eoghan O Donnghaile

aka: Ó Donnghaile, Owen O'Donnelly
bornactivedied
unknown1690 caunknown
an Irish poet. Eugene O'Curry wrote of Ó Donnghaile in his Manners and Customs , saying that: "About 1680 a controversy sprang up among some of the bards of Ulster as to what race by ancient right belonged the armorial bearing of Ulster – the Red Hand – belonged. Eoghan Ó Donnghaile took part in the controversy and claimed the Red Hand for the O'Neill...
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Peregrine O Duibhgeannain

aka: Ó Duibhgeannáin, Peregrine O'Duignan
bornactivedied
unknown1627-1636unknown
an Irish historian and chronicler. Nothing is known of his life and activities until he began working with Cú Choigcríche Ó Cléirigh and Fearfeasa Ó Maoilchonaire under the direction of Brother Mícheál Ó Cléirigh about 1627. In that year Ó Cléirigh was sent from his mother house at Leuven to Ireland to collect Irish literary, historical and chrono...
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Pilip Ballach O Duibhgeannain

aka: Ó Duibhgeannáin
bornactivedied
unknown1579-1590unknown
an Irish historian. A member of the Clan Ó Duibhgeannáin and a hereditary historian, Pilip was a resident of Cloonybrien, County Roscommon. With Brian na Carriag MacDermot and others he compiled the Annals of Lough Cé and various other manuscripts, including Miscellanea Historica Hibernica Paul Walsh suggested that he was a son of Fer Caogad mac Ferghal ...
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Daibhidh O Duibhgheannain

aka: Ó Duibhgheannáin
bornactivedied
unknown1651-1696unknown
an active Iriish scribe, compiler and poet between the years 1651 and 1696. In the earliest of his known works, Royal Irish Academy Ms. 24.P.9., he writes on page 238: "sguirim go ttrasada ar Loch Mesg dam a ttigh Thaidgh Oig Ui Fhlaibhertaigh 1 die Aprilis 1651, Dauid Duigenan qui scripsit/I stop now, and I on Loch Mask in the house of Tadhg Og O Flaherty, ...
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Uilliam O Duinnin

aka: Ó Duinnín
bornactivedied
unknown1670-1682unknown
an Irish scribe. Not much is known about him. The son of Domhnall Óg Ó Duinnín, Uilliam was the owner of MS 1336, which he may have sold to Edward Lhuyd. He transcribed William Bedell's Irish Old Testament, which was published in 1685.
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Fearghus O Fearghail

aka: Ó Fearghail
bornactivedied
unknown1550 caunknown
an Irish scribe, fl. c. 1550. Fearghus mac Rudhraighe Ó Fearghail was a member of one of the three unrelated septs surnamed Ó Fearghail in medieval Ireland. He identifies himself quite clearly on f. 1v of MS 1467. Other notes by him, or by Rudhraidhe Ó Fearghail (his father or grandfather), appear at ff. 6v, 7v, 9v, 10v, 12v, 17r, 21v and 25v. He compares...
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Seamus O Fearghail

aka: Ó Fearghail, James O Farrell
bornactivedied
unknown1711-1718unknown
an Irish poet and scribe, fl. 1711-1718. Paul Walsh (priest) wrote of him in 1920: "James O Farrell we hear of from Tadhg O Neachtain, already referred to: O Fearghail fa dheóigh Séamus seang/a crich Longphortach aird Eireann/James O Farrell the graceful/from the high land of Longford in Erin. He wrote some folios, now in the British Museum, in 1711 . The...
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Ruaidhri O Flaithbheartaigh

aka: Ruaidhrí Ó Flaithbheartaigh
borndied
16291716/18
an Irish historian. He is perhaps most often associated with his elaborate history of Ireland, Ogygia, published in 1685. Drawing from numerous ancient documents, Ogygia traces Irish history back to the ages of mythology and legend, before the 1st century.
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Ferghal Dubh O Gadhra

aka: Nicholas O Gadhra
bornactivedied
unknown1655-1686+unknown
an Irish cleric and scribe. O Gadhra was the compiler of the O Gara Manuscript (now RIA MS 23 F 16), which he compiled at Antwerp and Lisle between 1655 and 1659. He "returned to Ireland some time before June 5th, 1686, at which date he certifies that he is safe and sound at Bannada san mBeinn fhada county Sligo. In a colophon he craves the reader's indulgen...
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Peadar O Gealacain

aka: Ó Gealacáin, Uí Gealacáin, Peter Galligan
borndied
1793, Jun 291860, Feb ca
an Irish scribe and hedge school master. Uí Gealacáin transcribed Irish manuscripts and collected ancient songs, but his main interest was in mathematics and general literature. His surviving manuscripts were compiled between 1823 and 1858.
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Fear Flaith O Gnimh

aka: Ó Gnímh
borndied
1540 ca1630 ca
an early modern Irish poet. Little is known for certain of Ó Gnímh. He was born in Ulster, and his family located near Larne, County Antrim. His best known poem is A Niocláis, nocht an gcláirsigh! He was known as O'Gnive in English, and was the bard of the O'Neill of Clannaboy.
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Muiris O Gormain

aka: Ó Gormáin
borndied
17201794
an Irish bookseller, poet and scribe. A native of Ulster, Ó Gormáin spent most of his later life in Dublin, where he was a member of the Tadhg Ó Neachtain's circle of scholars. He resided for a while in Belanagare transcribing material for Charles O'Conor (historian). He helped Charlotte Brooke in compiling and translating Reliques of Irish Poetry (1789)....
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Ciothruaidh O hEodhasa

aka: Ó hEodhasa
borndied
unknown1518
an Irish poet. Ó hEodhasa was a member of a Brehon family of County Fermanagh. Under the year 1518, the Annals of the Four Masters record his death: O'Hosey (Ciothruaidh, the son of Athairne), a learned poet, who kept a house of general hospitality, died.
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Eochaidh O hEoghusa

aka: Ó hÉoghusa
borndied
15671617
an Irish poet. Native of Ulster, mainly employed by the Maguire chiefs of Fermanagh.Little is known of his life, although he left behind many poems, including An tú ar gcéadaithne, a charrag and A-tám i gcás eidir dhá chomhairle.
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Tomas O hIci

aka: Tomás Ó hÍcí, Tomás Ó Iceadha, Thomas Hickey
borndied
17751856
an Irish scribe. Ó hÍcí was born inBaile an Ghraeigh, Killenaule (Cill Náile), in County Tipperary, the oldest child of Seán Ó hIcí and Máire Ní Bhraonáin. He moved to Waterford, where he was active in teaching and scribal work till his death. Some of his manuscripts are held at Mount Melleray.
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Mathghamhain O hIfearnain

aka: Ó hIfearnáin
bornactivedied
unknown1585 caunknown
early modern Irish poet, fl. 1585. Ó hIfearnáin was living in the Shronell district of County Tipperary in the late 16th century, and wrote poems on the decline of the profession of poetry. His best-known poem, Ceist! Cia do cheinneóchadh dán, describes his journey across Munster in search of a buyer for a well-wrought poem. Another is A mhic, ...
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Brian Oge O hUiginn

aka: Brian Óge Ó hUiginn
borndied
unknown1505
an Irish poet. Brian Óge was a member of a branch of the Ó hUiginn brehon family. The Annals of the Four Masters recorded his death, sub anno 1505, as follows: Brian Oge, the son of Brian, son of Donnell Cam O'Higgin, died. Mentioned in the same obituary was his kinsman, Cairbre mac Brian Ó hUiginn.
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Cairbre mac Brian O hUiginn

aka: Ó hUiginn
borndied
unknown1505
an Irish poet, died 1505. He was a member of a branch of the Ó hUiginn brehon family. The Annals of the Four Masters recorded his death, sub anno 1505, as follows: Carbry, the son of Brian O'Higgin, Professor of Poetry, died in Westmeath. Mentioned in the same obituary was his kinsman, Brian Óge Ó hUiginn. His father was Brian Ó hUiginn, whose ot...
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Fearfeasa O Maol Chonaire

aka: Ó Maol Chonaire
bornactivedied
unknown1620s-1640sunknown
co-compiler and scribe of the Annals of the Four Masters. As a young man, he participated in the compilation of the Annals of the Four Masters, working with Mícheál Ó Cléirigh, Cú Choigcríche Ó Cléirigh, Peregrine Ó Duibhgeannain and other assistants. Fearfeasa was the author of many poems, one of which was Mochean do[d] chuairt a Chalbhaigh,...
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Muirgheas mac Phaidin O Maolconaire

aka: Muirgheas mac Pháidín Ó Maolconaire
borndied
unknown1543
a Gaelic-Irish scribe. Muirgheas was a native of Cluain Plocáin (now Ballymulconry), parish of Kiltrustan, County Roscommon. It lies close to an inlet of the river Shannon, north of Strokestown. Ó Maolconaire wrote the Book of Fenagh in 1516/17, at Fenagh Abbey, County Leitrim. Muirgheas was responsible for writing the vellum manuscript known as Leabhar g...
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Muiris mac Torna O Maolconaire

aka: Ó Maolconaire
borndied
unknown1645
an Irish scribe, historian and poet. Muiris was a son of Torna Ó Maolconaire, and a native of Cluain Plocáin, County Roscommon. He may have owned land in the parish of Kiltrustan. He was a member of the Ó Maolconaire family, and is sometimes confused with Muirgheas mac Pháidín Ó Maolconaire, another prominent member of Muiris mac Torna's sept, the Slio...
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Feardorcha O Meallain

aka: Ó Mealláin
bornactivedied
unknown1641-1647unknown
an Irish poet the reputed author of An Díbirt go Connachta. He is said to have been a Franciscan, possibly from County Down, but both of these claims are in doubt. It is suggested that his name may be a 'pet-name' for two of his kinsmen, Henry Ó Mealláin or Tarlach Ó Mealláin, who may also be its author.
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Tarlach O Meallain

aka: Ó Mealláin
bornactivedied
unknown1641-1650unknown
an Irish Franciscan, author of Cín Lae Uí Mhealláin. Tarlach was the chaplain to Felim O'Neill of Kinard during the war, and thus was present at many of the events he describes in the Cín Lae. Examples include the battle of Clones (13 June 1643) and the Battle of Benburb in 1646.
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Dominic O Mongain

aka: Ó Mongain, Mungan
borndied
1715 ca1770s
, was an Irish harper and poet, born around 1715 in County Tyrone. The poem and air An raibh tú ag an gCairraig?, translated by Walsh as Have you been at Carrick?, has been attributed to him. He was the father of Charles Warburton, an Anglican bishop who served as both Bishop of Limerick and Bishop of Cloyne.
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Sean O Neachtain

aka: Seán Ó Neachtain
borndied
1647 ca1729, Mar 9
an Irish poet and writer. Ó Neachtain was a member of a family who originated in Máenmaige but were expelled to the Fews of Athlone by either the Ua Conchobhair Kings of Connacht or the de Burgh Earls of Ulster. Seán Ó Neachtain was born at Cluain Oileáin in County Roscommon, sometime between about 1645 and 1650, during the latter stages of the Irish Co...
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Tadhg O Neachtain

aka: Ó Neachtain
borndied
1670 ca1752 ca
an Irish writer, scribe and lexicographer. Between 1726 and 1728, Tadhg wrote an Irish poem which named twenty-six scholars of his acquaintance, all of whom are now included among what is retrospectively called The Ó Neachtain Circle.
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Antoine O Raifteiri

aka: Ó Raifteiri, Antoine Ó Reachtabhra, Anthony Raftery
borndied
17791835
an Irish language poet who is often called the last of the wandering bards. None of his poems were written down during the poet's lifetime, but they were collected from those he taught them to by An Craoibhín Aoibhinn Douglas Hyde, Lady Gregory and others, who later published them. Ó Raifteirí's most enduring poems include Eanach Dhuin and Cill Aodain whi...
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Eoghan Carrach O Siadhail

aka: Ó Siadhail
bornactivedied
unknown1500-1550unknown
an Gaelic-Irish poet. Eoghan Carrach was a member of the Ó Siadhail family of Tír Chonaill (now County Donegal). Under the patronage of Niall Connallach (Niall Óg Ó Neill, died 1544), he made a copy of Beatha Cholm Cille. It now exists as Trinity College, Dublin, MS A. 8.
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Seamus O Siaghail

aka: Séamus Ó Siaghail
bornactivedied
unknown1636 caunknown
an Irish scribe. Ó Siaghail was a member of the Ó Siadhail bardic family that had lived in Uí Failghe. He was a member of the Franciscan Order. At some point before October 1636, Séamus Ó Siaghail and his fellow-Franciscan, Aodh Ó Raghailligh, began the process of transcribing and translating The Rule of St. Clare into the Irish language for the Poor C...
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Eoghan Rua O Suilleabhain

aka: Ó Súilleabháin, Owen Roe O'Sullivan
borndied
17481782, Jun 29
an Irish poet. Ó Súilleabháin is known as one of the last great Gaelic poets. A recent anthology of Irish-language poetry speaks of his "extremely musical" poems full of "astonishing technical virtuosity" and also notes that "Eoghan Rua is still spoken of and quoted in Irish-speaking districts in Munster as one of the great wits and playboys of the past."
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Fitz James O'Brien

borndied
1828, Dec 311862, Apr 6
an Irish-American writer and poet often cited as an early writer of science fiction. While he was in college he had shown an aptitude for writing verse, and two of his poems—Loch Ine and Irish Castles—were published in The Ballads of Ireland (1856). He was also employed in writing plays.
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Roger O'Connor

borndied
17621834
an Irish nationalist and writer, known for the controversies surrounding his life and writings, notably his fanciful history of the Irish people, the Chronicles of Eri (1822), a book purporting to be a translation of ancient manuscripts detailing the early history of the Irish people. According to O'Connor, he had attempted to write this book three ti...
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Charles O'Conor

borndied
1710, Jan 11791, Jul 1
an Irish writer and antiquarian who was enormously influential as a protagonist for the preservation of Irish culture and history in the eighteenth century. He combined an encyclopaedic knowledge of Irish manuscripts and Gaelic culture in demolishing many specious theories and suppositions concerning Irish history.
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John O'Donovan

borndied
1806, Jul 251861, Dec 10
an Irish language scholar from Ireland. His work on linguistics was recognised in 1848 by the Royal Irish Academy, who awarded him their prestigious Cunningham Medal. O'Donovan made a highly significant contribution to Irish history and literature. He and his wife's brother-in-law, Eugene O'Curry, were the greatest Irish scholars of their time. O'Donovan's w...
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Cross-listed in Military

Daniel Florence O'Leary

borndied
18011854
a military general and aide-de-camp under Simon Bolivar. He was born in Cork, Ireland; his father was Jeremiah O'Leary, a butter merchant. In 1817, he emigrated to South America. After Bolívar's death in 1830, O'Leary disobeyed orders to burn the general's per...
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Fearfeasa O'Mulconry

bornactivedied
unknown1636 caunknown
an Irish chronicler. He contributed to The Annals of the Four Masters. He belonged to a family of hereditary men of letters in Connacht, where he was born, probably at Cluainnahoidhche, near Lochnahoidhche, in the parish of Clooncraff, County Roscommon. He was one of the authors of the Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland and, with the three other chief writers,...
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Fear Feasa O'n Chainte

aka: Ó'n Cháinte
bornactivedied
unknown1600sunknown
an Irish poet. Native of Munster, and a member of the Ó an Cháintighe bardic family. Very little is known of his life. He is recognized for several poems. He is thought to have been related to Tadhg Olltach Ó an Cháinte.
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Cross-listed in Legal

Henrique O'Neill

aka: 1st Viscount of Santa Mónica
borndied
1823, Aug 31889, Nov 6
a Portuguese writer, jurist and politician. He was a very distinguished and literate person, who socialized with Alexandre Herculano, António Feliciano de Castilho and other worthies of the time, reached a position of a certain relief in Letters since he was a student, when he published poems in the Trovador, to which group he belonged. He translated and a...
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Edward O'Reilly

borndied
1765, Dec 61830, Aug 26
an Irish scholar in the first half of the 19th century. Edward O'Reilly undertook the compilation of the work for which he is best remembered, his Irish-English Dictionary published in 1817. He was appointed assistant secretary to the Iberno-Celtic Society on its foundation the following year with the purpose of preserving and promoting Irish literature. His...
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Justo Sierra O'Reilly

borndied
18141861
a Mexican novelist and historian, the father of Mexican author and political figure Justo Sierra Méndez. At the age of 34, he turned to literature. The chapters of his popular melodramatic novel, La Hija del Judío, a historical novel in the style of Sir Walter Scot...
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Cross-listed in Governance

John L. O'Sullivan

borndied
1813, Nov 151895, Mar 24
an American columnist and editor who used the term "manifest destiny" in 1845 to promote the annexation of Texas and the Oregon Country to the United States. O'Sullivan was an influential political writer and advocate for the Democratic Party at that time and served as US Minister to Portugal during the administration of President Franklin Pierce (1853–185...
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Mortimer O'Sullivan

borndied
17911859
a Church of Ireland clergyman and member of the Orange Order. He was born a Catholic in Clonmel, County Tipperary, the son of a Catholic schoolmaster. He converted to Protestantism in boyhood and was educated as a Protestant. He attended Trinity College, Dublin where he graduated with an MA in 1812 and was ordained about 1816. In 1826 he succeeded Thomas Le ...
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Dositej Obradovic

borndied
17421811
a Serbian writer, philosopher, dramatist, librettist, linguist, traveler, polyglot and the first minister of education of Serbia. An influential protagonist of the Serbian national and cultural renaissance, he advocated Enlightenment and rationalist ideas while remaining a Serbian patriot and an adherent of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Founder of modern Serb...
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Eugenio de Ochoa

borndied
18151872
a Spanish writer, critic, bibliographer, editor and translator. In 1837 he directed the famous collection of the best ancient and modern Spanish authors published by Baudry . Returning to Spain in 1844, he was elected academician of the language and joined in 1847. He also began to actively participate in the Madrid newspapers.
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Christopher Ocland

borndied
unknown1590
an English writer and school master. In 1580 he published at his own expense his major work, the Anglorum proelia (‘The Battles of the English’), a Latin poem of almost 3500 Latin hexameters on the subject of England's military history from the reign of Edward III to Mary I. He updated the poem with Eir?narchia, sive, Elizabetha (1582) which included cel...
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Cross-listed in

Jonathan Odell

borndied
1737, Sep 251818, Nov 25
a Loyalist poet who lived during the American Revolution. Odell was born in Newark, New Jersey, in 1737 to John and Temperance Odell. He graduated from Princeton University (at the time known as the College of New Jersey) in 1754. Although he had studied medicine, instead of becoming a doctor he joined the Church of England ministry. As a minister he preache...
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Vladimir Odoyevsky

borndied
1803, Aug 11869, Feb 27
a prominent Russian philosopher, writer, music critic, philanthropist and pedagogue. He became known as the "Russian Hoffmann" on account of his keen interest in phantasmagoric tales and musical criticism.
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John Oglander

borndied
1585, May 121655, Nov 28
an English politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1625 to 1629. He is now remembered as a diarist. Sir John kept detailed accounts of his household and estate, which survive today. They are of particular interest because they evolved into a personal diary. These records were used superficially by Sir Richard Worsley, 7th Baronet in his History of th...
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Cross-listed in Scientists

Lorenz Oken

borndied
1779, Aug 11851, Aug 11
a German naturalist, botanist, biologist, and ornithologist. Oken was born Lorenz Okenfuss (German: Okenfuß) in Bohlsbach (now part of Offenburg), Ortenau, Baden, and studied natural history and medicine at the universities of Freiburg and Würzburg. He went on to the University of Göttingen, where he became a Privatdozent (unsalaried lecturer), and...
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Cross-listed in Clergy

Nicolaus Olahus

borndied
1493, Jan 101568, Jan 15
the Archbishop of Esztergom, Primate of Hungary, and a distinguished Roman Catholic prelate. Among the publications initiated by Olahus were the Breviarium Ecclesiæ Strigoniensis (1558), and the Ordo et Ritus Ecclesiæ Strigoniensis (1560). The revival of the custom of ringing the Angelus was due to him. As chancellor and confidant of Ferdinand I, Olahus po...
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Caspar Olevian

aka: Kaspar Olevianus
borndied
1536, Aug 101587, Mar 15
a significant German Reformed theologian during the Protestant Reformation and along with Zacharius Ursinus was said to be co-author of the Heidelberg Catechism. That theory of authorship has been questioned by some modern scholarship.
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Rosalie Olivecrona

aka: Roos
borndied
1823, Dec 91898, Jun 4
a Swedish feminist activist and writer. She is one of the three great pioneers of the organized women's rights movement in Sweden, alongside Fredrika Bremer and Sophie Adlersparre. One of her friends, Hulda Hahr, was a teacher at a girls' school in Limestone, a town near Charleston, South Carolina, United States, and offered her a position on the school. S...
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Cross-listed in Architects

Frederick Law Olmsted

bornactivedied
1822, Apr 261850-18951903, Aug 28
an American landscape architect, journalist, social critic, and public administrator. He is popularly considered to be the father of American landscape architecture.
Links (1)


Rolf Olsen

borndied
1818, Feb 131864, Jun 7
a Norwegian politician and playwright. Rolf Olsen was born in Bergen, Norway. He was the son of Andreas Schram Olsen (1791–1841), the Bailiff (Byfogd) of Bergen. He was a student in Skien and earned a Candidatus juris in 1842. In 1846, he was employed as a clerk in the Interior Ministry and was in this position until 1852. He also worked as a journalist, e...
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Cross-listed in Educators

Zaharije Orfelin

borndied
17261785
a Serbian polymath who lived and worked in the Austrian Monarchy and Venice. Described as a Renaissance man, he was an educator, administrator, poet, engraver, lexicographer, herbalist, historian, translator, editor, publisher, polemicist, polyglot, a prominent oenologist, and traveler.
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Francis Osborne

borndied
1593, Sep 261659, Feb 4
an English essayist, known for his Advice to a Son, which became a very popular book soon after the English Restoration. In politics and religion he sympathised with the popular party in parliament; but, although a close observer of public life, took no active part in it. After residing for a time at North Fambridge, Essex, he removed about 1650 to Ox...
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Christopher Oscanyan

borndied
1818, Apr 231895, Aug 1
an American-Armenian writer. In 1849 he wrote a satirical romance in Armeno-Turkish, or Turkish written in the Armenian character, entitled Acaby. This was followed in 1851 by Veronica, another work of fiction, and by Bedig, a book for children. The same year he published an Armenian translation of The Mysteries of Paris. In 1853, with the assistance of othe...
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Cross-listed in ComposersGovernance

King Oscar I of Sweden

bornactivedied
1799, Jul 41844-18591859, Jul 8
King of Sweden and Norway from 1844 to his death. When, in August 1810, his father Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte was elected Crown Prince of Sweden, Oscar and his mother moved from Paris to Stockholm (June 1811). Oscar's father was the first ruler of the current House of Bernadotte. n 1832-34 he completed the opera Ryno, the errant knight left unfinished on the ...
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Cross-listed in Military

Dmitri Osten-Sacken

borndied
1789, Apr 241881, Mar 4
a Russian general of Baltic German/Russian descent, member of the State Council, commander in charge of military settlements in the South of Russia during the Crimean War. He participated in Napoleonic wars, Russo-Persian War (1826–28), Russo-Turkish War (1828–29), suppression of the November Uprising in Poland, Russian conquest of Caucasus, and the Crim...
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Alexander Ostrovsky

borndied
1823, Apr 121886, Jun 2
a Russian playwright, generally considered the greatest representative of the Russian realistic period. The author of 47 original plays, Ostrovsky "almost single-handedly created a Russian national repertoire." His dramas are among the most widely read and frequently performed stage pieces in Russia.
Timeline (2)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Legal

James Otis Jr.

borndied
1725, Feb 51783, May 23
a lawyer in colonial Massachusetts, a member of the Massachusetts provincial assembly, and an early advocate of the Patriot views against British policy that led to the American Revolution. His catchphrase "Taxation without representation is tyranny" became the basic Patriot position. The four tracts that he wrote during 1764–65 to protest British tax meas...
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Thomas Otway [2]

borndied
1652, Mar 31685, Apr 14
an English dramatist of the Restoration period, best known for Venice Preserv'd, or A Plot Discover'd (1682). In 1675 Thomas Betterton produced, at the Dorset Garden Theatre, Otway's first play, Alcibiades, which was printed in the same year. It is a tragedy, written in heroic verse, saved from absolute failure only by the actors. Elizabeth Bar...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Astronomers

Jean Abraham Chretien Oudemans

aka: Jean Abraham Chrétien
borndied
1827, Dec 161906, Dec 14
a Dutch astronomer. He was the director of the Utrecht Observatory from 1875 until 1898, when he retired. Born in Amsterdam, as the son of the poet, teacher and philologist Anthonie Oudemans Sr., he entered Leiden University when he was just 16 as a student of the noted astronomer Frederik Kaiser. He became a high school teacher in Leiden when he was just 19...
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Sir Thomas Overbury

bornactivedied
15811601-16131613, Sep 14
an English poet and essayist, also known for being the victim of a murder which led to a scandalous trial. His poem A Wife (also referred to as The Wife), which depicted the virtues that a young man should demand of a woman, played a large role in the events that precipitated his murder.
Links (8)


Gonzalo Fernandez de Oviedo y Valdes

aka: Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés
borndied
1478, Aug1557
a Spanish historian and writer. He is commonly known as "Oviedo" even though his family name is Fernández. He participated in the Spanish colonization of the Caribbean, and wrote a long chronicle of this project which is one of the few primary sources about it. For three centuries, only a small portion of it was published, but this abridgement was widely re...
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Robert Owen

borndied
1771, May 141858, Nov 17
a Welsh social reformer and one of the founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement. He worked in the cotton industry in Manchester before setting up a large mill at New Lanark in Scotland. In 1824, Owen travelled to America to invest the bulk of his fortune in an experimental 1,000-member colony on the banks of Indiana's Wabash River, called N...
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George Owen of Henllys

borndied
15521613, Aug 26
a Welsh antiquarian, author, and naturalist. During his life span he collected antiquarian information about Wales, including the heraldry, genealogy and historical buildings and structures. He was a literary man who was reflective of this period of interest in history and antiquities during the Elizabeth era. He associated with a small circle of writers in ...
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Johan Gabriel Oxenstierna

borndied
1750, Jul 191818, Jul 29
considered one of the foremost Swedish poets of the Gustavian period. A prominent courtier during the reign of King Gustav III of Sweden, he was also a politician, diplomat and member of the Swedish Academy, holding seat number 8. On several occasions he was a member of the Swedish Government and Parliament. Amongst other things, Oxenstierna is also known fo...
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