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Governance
bornactivedied
1553, Dec 131572-16101610, May 14
King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was the first French monarch of the House of Bourbon, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. Baptised as a Catholic but raised in the Protestant faith by his mother Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre, he inherited the throne of Navarre in 1572 on the death of his mother. As a Huguenot, Henry was involved in the French Wars of Religion, barely escaping assassination in the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre, and later led Protestant forces against the royal army.
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 Timeline (20)
08/18/1572-King Henry IV marries Margaretha van Valois 
02/03/1576-Henry of Navarre (future Henry IV) escapes from Paris 
02/05/1576-Henry of Navarre (future Henry IV) abjures Catholicism at Tours 
02/06/1577-King Henry IV becomes leader of Huguenots 
08/08/1585-Pope Sixtus V excommunicates Hendrik van Navarra ( Henry IV) 
10/20/1587-Battle of Coutras: Henry IV beats Catholic League
09/18/1589-Battle of Arques ends: French king Henry IV beats Catholic League
03/14/1590-Battle of Ivry: French King Henry IV beats Catholic League
03/01/1591-Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French king Henry IV 
04/19/1591-Chartres surrenders to king Henry IV in France 
08/19/1591-French king Henry IV occupies Rouen 
09/21/1591-French bishops recognize Henry IV as French king
07/25/1593-France's Protestant King Henry IV converts to Roman Catholic
02/27/1594- Henry IV crowned king of France
03/22/1594-French King Henry IV festival in Paris 
01/17/1595-French king Henry IV declares war on Spain 
09/17/1595-Pope Clement VIII recognizes Henry IV as king of France 
09/25/1597-Amiens surrenders to French King Henry IV
03/20/1598-French king Henry IV and duke van Mercour sign treaty 
08/06/1600- Henry IV invades Savoy after negotiations break down over Saluzzo, controlled by Savoy since 1588 
 Notes (1)
Kings of France:

Charles VIII (1483-1498): a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1483 to his death in 1498. He succeeded his father Louis XI at the age of...
Louis XII (1498-1515): a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1498 to 1515 and King of Naples from 1501 to 1504. Louis persevered in the...
Francis I of France (1515-1547): the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death. He was the son of Charles, ...
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 Mentions (24)
George Carew
...featuring sketches of the leading persons at the court of Henry IV.
Charles IX
...ordered the marriage of his sister Margaret of Valois to Henry of Navarre, a major Protestant nobleman and...
Agrippa d'Aubigne
...Geneva and Lyon before joining the Huguenot cause of Henry of Navarre ( Henry IV) as both soldier and counsellor....
Jean II d'Estrees
...Picardie. His aunt was Gabrielle d'Estrées, lover of King Henry IV of France. Like his father François Annibal...
Pierre de L'Estoile
...(1574-1611) are personal accounts of the reigns of Henry III and Henry IV of France. They contain other matter...
Pierre de Lancre
...1582 he was named judge in Bordeaux, and in 1608 King Henry IV commanded him to put an end to the practice...
Blaise de Lasseran-Massencome
..."soldier's Bible" (or "breviary," according to others), as Henry IV called it, is one of many books of memoirs...
Nicolas de Montreux
...generation of "La Pléiade") to the Bourbon court of Henry IV and the baroque, and both of these authors attempted...
Nicolas de Thou
...politics a figure instrumental in the coronation of Henry IV of France, the first monarch of the Bourbon dynasty...
Nicolas des Escuteaux
...novel" (or "amours") published during the reign of Henry IV of France. Unlike these other authors, Des Escuteaux...
George , Duke of Saxony
...happening. Under the Act of Settlement of 1499, Lutheran Henry IV became the new duke. Upon his accession,...
Pope Gregory XIV
...of Spain and the duke of Mayenne, he excommunicated Henry IV of France on 1 March 1591, reiterating the 1585...
John Hayward
...Henrie IV - a treatise dealing with the accession of Henry IV and the deposition of Richard II - dedicated...
Francois Hotman
...purpose of the Jesuits in their pamphlet war against Henry IV of France.
Pope Innocent IX
...cause of Philip II and the Catholic League against Henry IV of France (1589–1610) in the French Wars of Religion...
Barthelemy de Laffemas
...ideas may have been required to receive support from Henry IV. They acted as a balance to those of Sully, more...
King Louis XIII
...became king of France and Navarre after his father Henry IV was assassinated. His mother, Marie de' Medici,...
Nicolas de Montreux
...generation of "La Pléiade") to the Bourbon court of Henry IV and the baroque, and both of these authors attempted...
Philippe de Mornay
...death of the Duke of Alençon-Anjou in 1584, by which Henry was brought within sight of the throne of France,...
Marguerite de Navarre
...and Duchess of Alençon and Berry. She was married to Henry II of Navarre. Her brother became King of France,...
Frans Pourbus the Younger
...costume, jewellry and draperies (as in his portrait of Henry IV of France).
Barthelemy Prieur
...in the Louvre Museum, and was named sculptor to king Henry IV in 1591. He restored the Roman marble now called...
Pope Sixtus V
...and he excommunicated both Elizabeth I of England and Henry IV of France. He is recognized as a significant...
Emmanuel Theaulon
...d’Henri IV (The Keys of Paris, or the Deservings of Henry IV), in their honour. In 1815, he composed and...
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38
Henry IV1553, Dec 131572
 
16101610, May 14

Charles IX1550, Jun 271560
 
15741574, May 30
 a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1560 until his death from tuber...
Selim II1524, May 281566
 
15741574, Dec 12/15
  the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1566 until his death in...
Maximilian II1527, Jul 311564
 
15761576, Oct 12
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Emperor Ogimachi 1517, Jun 181557
 
15861593, Feb 6
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Sir Philip Sidney1554, Nov 301572
 
15861586, Oct 17
 an English poet, courtier, scholar, and soldier, who is remembered as one of the most prominent f...
Mary Stuart1542, Dec 81558
 
15871587, Feb 8
 reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567. As Mary was an infant when she inher...
Frederick II1534, Jul 11559
 
15881588, Apr 4
 King of Denmark and Norway and duke of Schleswig from 1559 until his death. He was hailed as succ...
Henry III1551, Sep 191573
 
 
15891589, Aug 2
 a monarch of the House of Valois who was elected the monarch of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealt...
Charles II of Austria1540, Jun 31564
 
15901590, Jul 10
 an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria (Styria, Carniola and Carinthia) from 1564. He ...
Mahathammarachathirat15091569
 
15901590, Jun
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Ferdinand II1529, Jun 141564
 
15951595, Jan 24
 ruler of Further Austria including Tirol. The son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, he was marr...
Murad III1546, Jul 41574
 
 
15951595, Jan 15/16
 the emperor and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death in 1595. Murad's reign is ...
King Philip II1527, May 211540
 
15981598, Sep 13
  King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples a...
Queen Elizabeth I1533, Sep 71558
 
16031603, Mar 24
 Queen of England and Ireland (and Supreme Governor of the Church of England ) from 17 November 15...
Mehmed III1566, May 261595
 
 
16031603, Dec 21/22
  the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1595 until his death in 1603. His reign is most...
Opchanacanough1554 ca1500
 
16091646
 a tribal chief of the Powhatan Confederacy of what is now Virginia in the United States, and its ...
Emperor Go-Yozei 1571, Dec 311586
 
16111617, Sep 25
  the 107th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Go-Yozei's reign s...
Rudolf II1552, Jul 181576
 
16121612, Jan 20
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Sampson Lennard15441571
 
16141615, Sep 20
 an English Member of Parliament who represented an unusually large number of different constituen...
Mary Sidney1561, Oct 271575
 
16151621, Sep 25
 one of the first English women to achieve a major reputation for her poetry and literary patronag...
William Parkerunknown1587
 
16171617
 an English captain and privateer, and also Mayor of Plymouth. He was born near Plymouth and wa...
Ahmed I1590, Apr 181603
 
16171617, Nov 22
 the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Caliphate from 1603 unti...
Maximilian III1558, Oct 121593
 
16181618, Nov 2
 the Archduke of Further Austria from 1612 until his death. From 1585 Maximilian became the Grandm...
HRE Matthias1557, Feb 241595
 
16191619, Mar 20
  Holy Roman Emperor from 1612, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1608 (as Matthias II) and King of...
Farrukh Pashaunknown1593
 
16211621
 the Ottoman governor of Nablus and Jerusalem in the early 17th century, and founder of the Farruk...
Albert VII1559, Nov 131598
 
16211621, Jul 13
 the ruling Archduke of Austria for a few months in 1619 and, jointly with his wife, Isabella Clar...
King James I1566, Jun 191603
 
16251625, Mar 27
  King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland (and Supreme Head...
Francis Bacon1561, Jan 221579
 
16261626, Apr 9
 an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist and author. He served both...
Robert Naunton15631606
 
16261635, Mar 27
 an English writer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1606 an...
Juan de Onate15501595
 
16291626/1630
 a Novohispanic Conquistador, explorer, and colonial governor of the Santa Fe de Nuevo México pro...
Willem Janszoon1570 ca1598
 
16291630
 a Dutch navigator and colonial governor. Janszoon served in the Netherlands East Indies in the pe...
Henry Wotton1568, Mar 301588
 
16331639, Dec
 an English author, diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1614 and 1625. Of 2...
Albrecht von Wallenstein1583, Sep 241604
 
16341634, Feb 25
 a Bohemian military leader and politician who offered his services, and an army of 30,000 to 100,...
HRE Ferdinand III1608, Jul 131590/1619
 
16371657, Apr 2
  Holy Roman Emperor from 15 February 1637 until his death, as well as King of Hungary and Croatia...
Hendrik Brouwer15811606
 
16431643, Aug 7
 a Dutch explorer, admiral, and colonial administrator both in Japan and the Dutch East Indies. He...
Christian IV1577, Apr 121588
 
16481648, Feb 28
 king of Denmark-Norway and Duke of Holstein and Schleswig from 1588 to 1648. His 59-year reign is...
Maximilian I of Bavaria1573, Apr 171591
 
16511651, Sep 27
 a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and a prince-elector (Kurfürst) of the Holy Roman Empire. His rei...
Myles Standish1584 ca1603
 
16561656, Oct 3
 an English military officer hired by the Pilgrims as military adviser for Plymouth Colony. He acc...
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