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bornactivedied
1533, Sep 71558-16031603, Mar 24
Queen of England and Ireland (and Supreme Governor of the Church of England ) from 17 November 1558 until her death. In government, Elizabeth was more moderate than her father and half-siblings had been. In religion she was relatively tolerant and avoided systematic persecution. Elizabeth was cautious in foreign affairs, manoeuvring between the major powers of France and Spain.
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 Timeline (17)
11/17/1558- Elizabeth I ascends English throne upon death of Queen Mary I
01/15/1559- Elizabeth I crowned queen of England in Westminster Abbey
05/19/1568-English queen Elizabeth I arrests Scottish queen Mary 
02/25/1570- Pius V excommunicates Elizabeth I, absolves her subjects from allegiance 
01/23/1571-Queen Elizabeth I opens Royal Exchange in London
01/22/1575-English queen Elizabeth I grants Thomas Tallis and William Byrd music press monopoly 
03/10/1578-Queen Elizabeth I gives John Casimir of Simmern 20,000 pounds to aid Dutch rebellion 
08/17/1579-Francois van Anjou visits English queen Elizabeth I 
04/04/1581-Francis Drake, after completing the first circumnavigation of the world, is knighted by Queen Elizabeth I aboard his ship, the Golden Hind
07/17/1585-English secret service discovers Anthony Babington's murder plot against Queen Elizabeth I 
08/10/1585-English Queen Elizabeth I signs Treaty of Nonsuch, providing aid for Netherlands
08/14/1585-Queen Elizabeth I refuses sovereignty of Netherlands 
10/14/1586-Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots, goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth I 
02/01/1587-English queen Elizabeth I signs Mary Stuart's death sentence
07/28/1588-Spanish Armada sails to overthrow England's Queen Elizabeth I 
01/08/1601-Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, leads revolt in London against Queen Elizabeth I
03/24/1603-Scottish king James VI becomes King James I of England after Queen Elizabeth I dies
 Notes (1)
Supreme Governors:
Church of England

Henry VIII (1536-1547): King of England from 1509 until his death and Supreme Head of the Church of England from 1536 to 1547. He was the first English King of Ire...
Edward VI (1547-1553): King of England and Ireland (and Supreme Head of the Church of England) from 28 January 1547 until his death. Edward's reign was marked by ...
Jane Grey (1553): an English noblewoman and de facto monarch of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553. When the 15-year-old king lay dying in Ju...
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 Dictionary Citations (3) • View in Dictionary
Carcan: (1) An iron collar used for punishment, in the 13th through 16th centuries. (2) An ornamental collar or nec...
Esbrandill: To shake. Old French esbrandeler (modern ebranler) from a Teutonic stem brant, to quiver (like fire) , to b...
Verge: This word had a wide range of meanings, extending from the primal sense (Latin virga) , a rod. Among these ...
 Dictionary Citations (3) • View in Dictionary
Carcan: (1) An iron collar used for punishment, in the 13th through 16th centuries. (2) An ornamental collar or nec...
Esbrandill: To shake. Old French esbrandeler (modern ebranler) from a Teutonic stem brant, to quiver (like fire) , to b...
Verge: This word had a wide range of meanings, extending from the primal sense (Latin virga) , a rod. Among these ...
 Contemporaries
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68
Queen Elizabeth I1533, Sep 71558
 
16031603, Mar 24

Pope Paul IV1476, Jun 281505
 
15591559, Aug 18
 the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 23 May 1555 to his death in 1559. While serving as pa...
John Angelunknown1550
 
1559unknown
 a chaplain to King Philip and Queen Mary I, is said to have been a 'person of singular zeal and l...
Alessandro Piccolomini [1]unknown1528
 
1563unknown
 a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Pienza (1535-1563) and Bishop of Montalcino (152...
Robert of Berghesunknown1557
 
15631564
 87th Prince-bishop of Liège (1557–1563). He was forced to resign the see on 30 March 1563, due...
Petrus Follingiusunknown1558
 
15631565
 a Finnish Lutheran bishop. He was the Bishop of Turku for the Lutheran Finish Church from 1558 to...
Pope Pius IV1499, Mar 311546
 
15651565, Dec 9
 the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 25 December 1559 to his death in 1565. He is known fo...
Joasaph IIunknown1556
 
1565unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1555-1565)*Church of Constantinople
Suleiman I1494, Nov 61520
 
15661566, Sep 7
  the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate, ...
Joachim I Pany1448 ca1480
 
15671567
 served as Patriarch for the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria between 1486 and 1567. A virtuou...
Pedro de la Gasca1485, Jun1542
 
15671567, Nov 13
 a Spanish bishop, diplomat and the second (acting) viceroy of Peru, from April 10, 1547 to Januar...
Sunan Gunungjati14481479
 
15681568, Sep 19
  one of the Wali Songo, or nine saints of Islam revered in Indonesia. He founded the Sultanate of...
John Barthletunknown1560
 
 
1569unknown
 an English theological writer. Barthlet was a minister of the Church of England, and held strongl...
John Rollandunknown1560
 
 
1569unknown
 a Scottish poet who appears to have been a priest of the diocese of Glasgow, and to have been kno...
Arthur ap Huwunknown1555
 
1570unknown
 a clergyman, patron of Welsh poets, and a translator of religious literature into Welsh. He was a...
Pope Pius V1504, Jan 171528
 
15721572, May 1
  the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 8 January 1566 to his death in 1572. He is venerated...
John Knox1513 ca1546
 
15721572, Nov 24
 a Scottish clergyman, theologian, and writer who was a leader of the Protestant Reformation and i...
Donald Monrounknown1526
 
1574unknown
 a Scottish clergyman, who wrote an early and historically valuable description of the Hebrides an...
Selim II1524, May 281566
 
 
15741574, Dec 12/15
  the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1566 until his death in...
Matthew Parker1504, Aug 61559
 
 
15751575, May 17
  the Archbishop of Canterbury for the Church of England from 1559 until his death in 1575. He was...
Paulus Juusten1516/201563
 
 
15751575, Aug 22
 the first bishop of Viipuri, and later, bishop of Turku for the Lutheran Finish Church from 1563 ...
Francis Fletcher15551578
 
 
15781619 ca
 a clergyman of the Church of England who accompanied Sir Francis Drake on his circumnavigation of...
Metrophanes III15201546
 
15801580, Aug 9
 the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople two times, from 1565 to 1572 and from 1...
Frederik Schenck van Toutenburg1503 ca1559
 
 
15801580, Aug 25
 the first archbishop of Utrecht (previously only a bishopric). He became the first and last Archb...
Edmund Grindal1519 ca1575
 
 
15831583, Jul 6
 an English Protestant leader who successively held the posts of Bishop of London, Archbishop of Y...
Pope Gregory XIII1502, Jan 71572
 
 
15851585-Apr 10
 Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 13 May 1572 to his death in 1585. He is best known for com...
Pachomius IIunknown1580
 
 
1585unknown
  Ecumenical Patriarch of the Church of Constantinople from 1584 to 1585. He is sometimes consider...
Pope John XIVunknown1571
 
 
15861586, Sep 6
  the 96th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Armenian Apostolic Church...
Theoleptus IIunknown1585
 
 
1586unknown
 the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1585 to 1586. Theoleptus was a nephew of Patriarc...
Bertrand de Loqueunknown1580
 
 
15891600+
 a Protestant minister, said to be the same person as François de Saillans, who was born in Valen...
Pope Urban VII1521, Aug 41553
 
15901590, Sep 27
 Pope (Roman Catholic Church) from 15 to 27 September 1590. His twelve-day papacy was the shortest...
Sylvester of Alexandriaunknown1560
 
 
1590unknown
 Silvester served as Patriarch for Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria between 1569 and 1590. He c...
Pope Sixtus V1521, Dec 131585
 
 
15901590, Aug 27
 Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 24 April 1585 to his death in 1590. As a youth, he joined ...
Pope Innocent IX1519, Jul 201544
 
15911591, Dec 30
  Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 29 October to 30 December 1591. Prior to his short papac...
Pope Gregory XIV1535, Feb 111590
 
 
15911591, Oct 16
 Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 5 December 1590 to his death in 1591. Gregory XIV's brief ...
Domingo de Salazar15121579
 
 
15941594, Dec 4
 a Roman Catholic prelate who served as the first Bishop of Manila (1579–84) which was then newl...
Jeremias II Tranosunknown1572
 
 
1595unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1572-1579, 1580-1584, 1587-1595)*Church of Constantinople
Murad III1546, Jul 41574
 
 
15951595, Jan 15/16
 the emperor and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death in 1595. Murad's reign is ...
Ascanio I Piccolominiunknown1579
 
 
15971597, May 13
 On 3 Jul 1579, Ascanio Piccolomini was appointed during the papacy of Pope Gregory XIII as Coadju...
King Philip II1527, May 211540
 
15981598, Sep 13
  King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples a...
Nicolas de Thou15281547
 
15981598, Nov 5
 an eminent French cleric, Bishop of Chartres, and in politics a figure instrumental in the corona...
Gabriel I [1]unknown1590
 
 
1599unknown
 the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople for the Church of Constantinople from March to August ...
Robert Gwinunknown1590
 
 
1599unknown
 a Welsh Roman Catholic priest and author. Gwin, who appears to have been alive in 1591, wrote sev...
Theophanes Iunknown1590
 
 
15991597, Mar 26
 the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople for the Church of Constantinople from August 1596 to F...
Meletios I Pegas15491590
 
 
16011601, Sep 12
 served as Greek Patriarch of Alexandria between 1590 and 1601. Simultaneously from 1597 to 1598 h...
Mehmed III1566, May 261595
 
16031603, Dec 21/22
  the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1595 until his death in 1603. His reign is most...
Matthew IIunknown1596
 
16031603
  the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople three times, shortly in 1596, from 1598 to 1602 and f...
John Whitgift1530 ca1583
 
16041604, Feb 29
  the Archbishop of Canterbury for the Church of England from 1583 to his death. Noted for his hos...
Pope Clement VIII1536, Feb 241592
 
16051605, Mar 3
  Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 2 February 1592 to his death in 1605. He was made Cardin...
Matthew Hutton I1529159
 
16061606
  the archbishop of York for the Church of England from 1595 to 1606. He became a sizar at Trinity...
Sebastian de Vivanco15511570
 
16101622, Oct 26
 a Spanish priest and composer of the Renaissance. The bulk of Vivanco's surviving work was publis...
Thomas Bell15511573
 
1610unknown
 an English Roman Catholic priest, and later an anti-Catholic writer. He was mentioned in 1592 as ...
Richard Bancroft15441584
 
16101610, Nov 2
 an English churchman, who became Archbishop of Canterbury (1604-1610) for the Church of England a...
Neophytus IIunknown1602
 
1612unknown
 Ecumenical Patriarch (1602–03 and in 1607–12), restored*Church of Constantinople
David Fabricius1564, Mar 91584
 
16171617, May 7
 a German pastor who made two major discoveries in the early days of telescopic astronomy, jointly...
John Thornborough15511593
 
16171641
 an English bishop. In a long ecclesiastical career, he was employed as a chaplain by the Earl of ...
Yonten Gyatso15891601
 
16171617, Jan
 a jinong and the 4th Dalai Lama of the Gelug (Yellow Hat Buddhism) of Tibet, born in Mongolia on ...
Kyrillos III Loukarisunknown1601
 
1620unknown
 Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria for the Greek Orthodox Church (1601-1620). He co-authored many l...
Pope Paul V1552, Sep 171597
 
16211621, Jan 28
 the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 16 May 1605 to his death in 1621. He is best remember...
Pedro Paez15641589
 
16221622, May 25
 a Spanish Jesuit missionary in Ethiopia. Páez is considered by many experts on Ethiopia to be th...
Robert Bruce15541587
 
16241631, Jul 27
 Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland which was called on 6 February 1588 t...
Ericus Erici Sorolainen15461583
 
16251625
  a Finnish Lutheran bishop, a Bishop of Turku from 1583 to 1625 as the successor to Paulus Juuste...
Oliver Almondunknown1590
 
1629unknown
 a Roman Catholic priest and writer, born in the diocese of Oxford. He is believed by Foley to hav...
Antonio de Andrade15801600
 
16341634, Mar 19
 a Jesuit priest and explorer from Portugal. Engaged in missionary activity in India, was the firs...
Richard Bernard15681598
 
16411641
 an English Puritan clergyman and writer. Barnard was a Calvinist Puritan, but a moderate one. Ber...
Pope Urban VIII1568, Apr 51592
 
16441644, Jul 29
  Pope (Roman Catholic Church) from 1623 to his death in 1644. He expanded the papal territory by ...
William Laud1573, Oct 71601
 
16451645, Jan 10
 an English bishop and academic. He was the Archbishop of Canterbury for the Church of England fro...
Godefroy Wendelin1580, Jun 61599
 
16521667, Oct 24
 a Flemish astronomer. The crater Vendelinus on the Moon is named after him. Around 1630 he measur...
Lobsang Chökyi Gyalsten15701570
 
16621662
 the fourth Panchen Lama of the Gelug (Yellow Hat sect) school of Tibetan Buddhism from 1570-1662 ...
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