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bornactivedied
1660 ca1697-17281731, Apr
an English trader, writer, journalist, pamphleteer, and spy, most famous for his novel Robinson Crusoe. Defoe is notable for being one of the earliest proponents of the novel, as he helped to popularise the form in Britain and is among the founders of the English novel. He was a prolific and versatile writer, producing more than five hundred books, pamphlets, and journals on various topics, including politics, crime, religion, marriage, psychology, and the supernatural. He was also a pioneer of economic journalism.
 Timeline (4)
09/30/1659-Robinson Crusoe is shipwrecked (according to Daniel Defoe)
12/19/1686-Robinson Crusoe leaves his island after 28 years (as per Daniel Defoe)
07/31/1703-Daniel Defoe is put in the pillory
04/25/1719-Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe
 Dictionary Citations (3) • View in Dictionary
Haha: Apart from the sound of laughter, but perhaps arising as an exclamation of surprise, haha has been used sin...
Mob: This word, used for a tumultuous crowd, is short for Latin mobile, easily moved, fickle. This was used in t...
Old: Among the meanings at one time acquired by this common old word, from the notion of long practice and expe...
 Mentions (5)
Captain John Smith Gow
...an account of his piratical activities written by Daniel Defoe, and ninety years later was made the hero in a novel...
Captain Charles Johnson
...have suggested that "Charles Johnson" was actually Daniel Defoe writing under a pen name, but this is disputed. The...
Nathaniel Mist
...authors writing under pseudonyms, from Lewis Theobald to Daniel Defoe, and was frequently tried by the government...
Woodes Rogers
...whose plight is generally believed to have inspired Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe.
Alexander Selkirk
...and became a likely source of inspiration for writer Daniel Defoe's fictional character Robinson Crusoe.
 Contemporaries
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Daniel Defoe1660 ca1697
 
17281731, Apr

Thomas Neale16411664
 
16981699
 an English project-manager and politician who was also the first person to hold a position equiva...
John Fryer1650 ca1671
 
16981733, Mar 31
 an English doctor and Fellow of the Royal Society, now best remembered for his descriptions of tr...
Joan Baptista Aguilarunknown1655
 
16991714
 a dramatic author and poet who lived in Valencia, Spain from his birth until his death in 1714. I...
Reuben Bourneunknown1690
 
1699unknown
 an English dramatist. Bourne belonged to the Middle Temple, and left behind him a comedy which ha...
Richard Duckworthunknown1690
 
1699unknown
 an English campanologist. Duckworth, a native of Leicestershire, is probably identical with the R...
Henry Higdenunknown1690
 
1699unknown
 an English poet and dramatist. Higden was a Yorkshireman, and a member of the Middle Temple. He i...
Carlo Giuseppe Imbonatiunknown1690
 
1699unknown
 a Cistercian scholar who was active during the last half of the 17th century. He spent much of hi...
John Ayresunknown1680
 
1700unknown
 an English author, scribe and publisher. About 1680 he commenced the execution and publication of...
William Bradshaw [2]unknown1700
 
 
1700unknown
 a British hack writer. Not much is known about his life. Bradshaw was originally educated for the...
Jacques-Benigne Bossuet1627, Sep 271643
 
17011704, Apr 12
 a French bishop and theologian, renowned for his sermons and other addresses. He has been conside...
Roger L'Estrange1616, Dec 171639
 
17021704, Dec 11
 an English pamphleteer, author and staunch defender of Royalist claims. L'Estrange was involved i...
Philipp Spener1635, Jan 131653
 
17021705, Feb 5
 a German Christian theologian known as the "Father of Pietism." Highly influenced by Johann Arndt...
Estephan El Douaihy1630, Aug 21670
 
17041704, May 3
 He was the 57th Patriarch of the Maronite Church from 1670 to 1704. He is considered one of the m...
Sarah Kemble Knight1666, Apr 191704
 
 
17051727, Sep 25
 a teacher and businesswoman, who is remembered for a brief diary of a journey from Boston, Massac...
Charles Montagu1661, Apr 161683
 
17061715, May 19
 an English poet and statesman. In 1685, Montagu's verses on the death of King Charles II made suc...
Thomas Edwards [3]16521685
 
17071721
 a Welsh divine and orientalist. Edwards was born at Llanllèchid, near Bangor, Carnarvonshire, in...
Jacques de la Fayeunknown1690
 
1709unknown
 a 17th-18th century French writer whose Defensio Religionis (&Defense of Religion') a 251-page cr...
Gangadhara Vajapeyiunknown1700
 
 
1709unknown
 a great vedic scholar of the Krishna Yajurveda from Thiruvalangadu in Thanjavur district of Tamil...
Francisco de Artiga16501670
 
17111711
 an engraver, an architect, a mathematician, and an author of reputation. He painted several 'Siby...
Haquin Spegel1645, Jun 141670
 
17141714, Apr 17
 a religious author and hymn writer who held several bishop's seats for the Lutheran Swedish Churc...
William Dampier1651, Sep1673
 
17151715, Mar
 the first Englishman to explore parts of what is today Australia, and the first person to circumn...
Naphtali Cohen16491690
 
17181718
 a Russo-German rabbi and kabalist born in Ostrowo in Ukraine. He belonged to a family of rabbis i...
Thomas Parnell1679, Sep 111705
 
 
17181718, Oct 24
 an Anglo-Irish poet and clergyman who was a friend of both Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift. He ...
Seamus O Fearghailunknown1711
 
 
1718unknown
 an Irish poet and scribe, fl. 1711-1718. Paul Walsh (priest) wrote of him in 1920: "James O Farr...
Samuel Schotten16441685
 
17191719, Jul 5
  He became Rabbi of the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt in 1685. Shmuel Schotten HaCohen was born ...
Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach1656, Jul 201671
 
17231723, Apr 5
 an Austrian architect, sculptor, and architectural historian whose Baroque architecture profoundl...
Richard Boultonunknown1697
 
1724unknown
 a physician and author from England. Boulton was educated at Brasenose College, Oxford, and for s...
Isaac Newton1642, Dec 251665
 
17261726, Mar 20
 an English physicist and mathematician (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who ...
Cotton Mather1663, Feb 121685
 
17261728, Feb 13
 a socially and politically influential New England Puritan minister, prolific author, and pamphle...
George Sewellunknown1713
 
 
17261726
 an English physician and poet, known as a controversialist and hack-writer. In early life Sewell ...
Richard Blackmore1654, Jan 221682
 
17271729, Oct 9
 an English poet and physician, is remembered primarily as the object of satire and as an example ...
David Nieto16541702
 
17281728, Jan 10
 the Haham of the Spanish and Portuguese Jewish community in London, later succeeded in this capac...
Colen Campbell1676, Jun 151712
 
17291729, Sep 13
 a pioneering Scottish architect and architectural writer, credited as a founder of the Georgian s...
Samuel Izacke of Devonunknown1720
 
1729unknown
 a Chamberlain of the City of Exeter and an antiquarian. He was the son of Richard Izacke (c.1624...
Captain Charles Johnsonunknown1720
 
1729unknown
  the British author of the 1724 book A General History of the Robberies and Murders of the most n...
Seon Mac Solaidhunknown1720
 
1729unknown
 an Irish poet and scribe. A native of Harmanstown, parish of Stackallen, County Meath, Paul Walsh...
Sean O Cathainunknown1720
 
1729unknown
 an Irish scribe. Little is known of Ó Catháin. He transcribed Trí Biorghaoithe an Bháis – ...
William Wake1657, Jan 261716
 
17371737, Jan 24
 a priest and Archbishop of Canterbury in the Church of England from 1716 until his death in 1737....
Alexander Pope1688, May 211709
 
17381744, May 30
 an 18th-century English poet. He is best known for his satirical verse, as well as for his transl...
Tobias Fitchunknown1720
 
1739unknown
 wrote a journal of his mission from Charleston to the Creeks. Succeeded Colonel Chicken as Indian...
Melchior de Polignac1661, Oct 111683
 
17421742, Nov 20
 a French diplomat, Cardinal and neo-Latin poet. During the last years of Louis XIV, Abbé de Pol...
John Atkins16851703
 
17421757
 a British Royal naval surgeon. Atkins published two books, both of which have had more than one e...
Richard Tipperunknown1709
 
1742unknown
 an Irish scribe. Richard Tipper lived at Mitchelstown, parish of Castleknock, County Dublin. He l...
Alain-Rene Lesage1668, May 61695
 
17431747, Nov 17
 a French novelist and playwright. Lesage is best known for his comic novel The Devil upon Two Sti...
Charlotte-Catherine Patin1672 ca1683
 
17441744
 a 17th- and 18th-century French writer and art critic. Granddaughter of medical doctor and letter...
Gavril Stefanovic Venclovicunknown1680
 
1749unknown
 a Serbian priest, writer, poet, orator, philosopher, and illuminator. He was one of the first and...
Jonathan Swift1667, Nov 301690
 
17491745, Oct 19
 an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Torie...
Johann Heinrich Zedler1706, Jan 71727
 
17491751, Mar 21
 a bookseller and publisher. His most important achievement was the creation of a German encyclope...
John Wood the Elder17041725
 
17541754, May 23
 an English architect, working mainly in Bath. In 1740 he surveyed Stonehenge and the Stanton Drew...
Aaron Hart16701692
 
17561756
 the first chief rabbi of the United Kingdom and the rabbi of the Great Synagogue of London from 1...
Simon Awad16831708
 
17561756, Feb 12
 the Maronite Patriarch of Antioch from 1743 to his death in 1756, remembered as an Arab writer. I...
Samuel Richardson1689, Aug 191706
 
17581761, Jul 4
 an 18th-century English writer and printer. He is best known for his three epistolary novels: Pam...
Edward Young16811713
 
17621765
 an English poet, best remembered for Night-Thoughts. Young is said to have been a brilliant talke...
Richard Brookesunknown1721
 
1763unknown
 an English physician and author of compilations and translations on medicine, surgery, natural hi...
Firmin Abauzit1679, Nov 111698
 
17671767, Mar 20
 a French scholar who worked on physics, theology and philosophy, and served as librarian in Genev...
Johann Joachim Quantz1697, Jan 301716
 
17691773, Jul 12
 a German flutist, flute maker and composer. He composed hundreds of flute sonatas and concertos, ...
Enrique Florez1701, Feb 141716
 
17701773, Aug 20
 a Spanish historian. At 15 years old, he entered the order of St Augustine. He subsequently becam...
James Ferguson [3]1710, Apr 251720
 
17731776, Nov 17
  a Scottish astronomer, instrument and globe maker. It is, as the inventor and improver of astron...
Voltaire1694, Nov 211713
 
17781778, May 30
 a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the ...
Jose Francisco de Isla1703, Apr 241722
 
17811781, Nov 2
 a Spanish Jesuit, celebrated as a preacher and a humorist and satirist of the stamp of Miguel de ...
Benjamin Franklin1705, Jan 61718
 
17891790, Apr 17
 one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. A renowned polymath, Franklin was a leading aut...
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