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1636, Nov 11656-17111711, Mar 13
a French poet and critic. Boileau did much to reform the prevailing form of French poetry, as Blaise Pascal did to reform the prose. He was greatly influenced by Horace. Such of Boileau's early poems as have been preserved hardly contain the promise of what he ultimately became. The first piece in which his peculiar powers were displayed was the first satire (1660), in imitation of the third satire of Juvenal; it embodied the farewell of a poet to the city of Paris. This was quickly followed by eight others, and the number was at a later period increased to twelve.
 Mentions (13)
Georges de Brebeuf
...received by Pierre Corneille, but which was ridiculed by Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux in his Art poétique. His later works are meditative,...
Claude Brossette
...a regular correspondent of Paris poet and satirist Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux, whose works he edited with commentaries.
Jean Chapelain
...Pucelle," (1656) was lampooned by his contemporary Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux.
Francois Colletet
...inferior to that of his father and he was ridiculed by Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux.
Gauthier de Costes
...author of several long heroic romances ridiculed by Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux. They are: Cassandre (5 vols., 1642–1650); Cléopâtre...
Charles Cotin
...Cotin is remembered for his violent squabbles with Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux and Moliere, who gave him a stinging satiric immortality...
Jean d'Estrees
...suitable candidate to replace his well-known predecessor, Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux.
Francois Gacon
...satires against Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, Houdar La Motte, Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux, Bossuet, Voltaire and many others.
Samuel Gilman
...contributions to periodicals; translations of certain of Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux's satires; and other works.
Johann Christoph Gottsched
...German on the art of poetry from the standpoint of Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux. His Ausführliche Redekunst (1728) and his Grundlegung...
Francois de Malherbe
...Ronsard and La Pléiade, but the lines of praise by Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux beginning Enfin Malherbe vint ("Finally Malherbe...
Louis-Sebastien Mercier
...heroic epistles. He early came to the conclusion that Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux and Jean Racine had ruined the French language...
Jean-Baptiste Rousseau
...well educated. As a young man, he gained favour with Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux, who encouraged him to write. Rousseau began with...
 Quotes (5) • View in Quotations
A fool always finds a greater fool to admire him.
Nothing but truth is lovely, nothing fair.
Often the fear of one evil leads us into a worse.
One can be a hero without ravaging the earth.
Whatever we well understand we express clearly, and words flow with ease.
 Contemporaries
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141
Nicolas Boileau-Despreaux1636, Nov 11656
 
17111711, Mar 13

Margherita Costa1600 ca1628
 
16571657
 a singer, poet, playwright and feminist, is the most Baroque of the seventeenth-century Italian w...
Menasseh Ben Israel16041632
 
16571657, Nov 20
 a Portuguese rabbi, kabbalist, writer, diplomat, printer and publisher, founder of the first Hebr...
Henry Cockeramunknown1623
 
1658unknown
 an English lexicographer. In 1623, he authored the third known English Language dictionary, and t...
Henry Robinson1604 ca1640
 
16591664 ca
 an English merchant and writer. He is best known for a work on religious toleration, Liberty of C...
Blaise Pascal1623, Jun 191642
 
16591662, Aug 19
 a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Christian philosopher. He was a child pro...
Richard Balamunknown1650
 
1659unknown
 an English mathematician. Balam was the author of Algebra, or the Doctrine of composing, inferrin...
Richard Whitlockunknown1650
 
1659unknown
 Author of the satirical book 'Zootomia', published in 1654.
Saul Levi Morteira1596 ca1616
 
16601660, Feb 10
 a Dutch rabbi of Portuguese descent. Morteira was the founder of the congregational school Keter ...
Claude Lancelot1615 ca1638
 
16601695
 Born in Paris, later to become a Jansenist monk and grammarian. Helped to establish the Petites ...
Nathaniel Bacon [3]1593, Dec 121645
 
16601660
 an English Puritan lawyer, writer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times...
William Randunknown1650
 
1660unknown
 an English physician who projected general reforms in medical education, practice and publication...
Thomas Fuller16081630
 
16611661, Aug 16
 an English churchman and historian. He is now remembered for his writings, particularly his Worth...
Laurence Clarkson16151646
 
16611667
 an English theologian and accused heretic. He was the most outspoken and notorious of the loose c...
Robert Abbot [1]1588 ca1610
 
16621662 ca
 an English theologian who promoted puritan doctrines. He is sometimes mistakenly described as the...
William Aspinwallunknown1648
 
1662unknown
  a nonconformist English minister. He proceeded B.A. in 1657, but having obtained orders, went no...
Isobel Gowdieunknown1662
 
 
1662unknown
 a Scottish woman who was tried for witchcraft in 1662. Her detailed confession, apparently achiev...
Cu Choigcriche O Cleirighunknown1624
 
1664unknown
 an Irish historian and genealogist, known in English as Peregrine O'Clery. Along with Brother Mí...
Mildmay Fane1602, Jan 241621
 
16661666, Feb 12
 an English nobleman, politician, and writer. One hundred and thirty seven poems by Fane appeared ...
William Day1605 ca1624
 
16661684
 an English cleric and biblical commentator. He received his education at Eton College. He was ele...
Jean Ogier de Gombauld15761624
 
16661666
 a French playwright and poet. Gombauld was born in Saint-Just-Luzac, Charente-Maritime and was a ...
Ismael Bullialdus1605, Sep 281632
 
16671694, Nov 25
 a famous astronomer and mathematician during the seventeenth century. He published several books,...
Pope Alexander VII1599, Feb 131655
 
16671667, May 22
 Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 7 April 1655 to his death in 1667. Alexander VII dislike...
Pierre Corneille1606,Jun 61629
 
16681684, Oct 1
 a French tragedian. He is generally considered one of the three great seventeenth-century French ...
Jean-Baptiste Tavernier16051630
 
16681689
 a 17th-century French gem merchant and traveler. Tavernier, a private individual and merchant tra...
John Wilkins1614, Feb 141637
 
16681672, Nov 19
 an Anglican clergyman, natural philosopher and author, and was one of the founders of the Royal S...
John Knowles [1]unknown1646
 
1668unknown
 an English antitrinitarian preacher, imprisoned in 1665. A short paper of arguments for the deity...
John Trapp1601, Jun 51622
 
16691669, Oct 16
 an English Anglican Bible commentator. His large five-volume commentary is still read today and i...
William Prynne16001627
 
16691669, Oct 24
 an English lawyer, author, polemicist, and political figure. He was a prominent Puritan opponent ...
John Webb16111628
 
16691672, Oct 24
 an English architect and scholar. In 1654 Webb designed the first classical portico on an English...
Madeleine de Souvre15991640
 
16691678, Jan 16
 a French writer, was the daughter of Gilles de Souvré, marquis de Courtenvaux, tutor of Louis X...
Robert Bayfield16291650
 
1669unknown
 an English physician. He was born in Norwich and wrote with much energy on both religious and med...
Sarah Blackborowunknown1650
 
1669unknown
 the author of tracts that strongly influenced Quaker thinking on social problems and the theologi...
Benjamin Agusunknown1660
 
 
1669unknown
 an English divine, and was one of the most distinguished of the earlier vindicators of the noncon...
Antoine Baudeau de Somaize1630 ca1660
 
 
1669unknown
  a secretary to Marie Mancini, niece of Cardinal Mazarin. There is not much information known abo...
William Broughunknown1630
 
16711671
 an English royalist churchman, Dean of Gloucester from 1643. Brough was a supporter of William La...
Dubhaltach Mac Fhirbhisighunknown1640
 
1671unknown
 an Irish scribe, translator, historian and genealogist. He was one of the last traditionally trai...
Moise Vauquelinunknown1650
 
1672unknown
 An officer under Francois l'Ollonais, he also had a partnership with Pierre Le Picard. In his lat...
Ingen Ryuki1592, Dec 71620
 
16731673, May 19
 a Chinese Linji Chán Buddhist monk, poet, and calligrapher. He is most known for founding the Ob...
Adam Vaclav Michna z Otradovic1600, Jun 301633
 
16731676, Oct 16
 a Czech Catholic aristocrat, poet, composer, hymn writer, organist and choir leader of the early ...
Salvator Rosa1615, Jun 20/Jul 211634
 
16731673, Mar 15
 an Italian Baroque painter, poet, and printmaker, who was active in Naples, Rome, and Florence. A...
Moliere1622, Jan 151643
 
16731673, Feb 17
 a French playwright and actor who is considered to be one of the greatest masters of comedy in We...
Robert Herrick1591, Aug1623
 
16741674, Oct
 a 17th-century English lyric poet and cleric. He is best known for Hesperides, a book of poems. T...
John Milton1608, Dec 91623
 
16741674, Nov 8
 an English poet, polemicist, and man of letters, and a civil servant for the Commonwealth of Engl...
Lucidor16381669
 
 
16741674, Aug 13
 a Swedish baroque poet. He is remembered for his burlesque poetry that is seen as foreshadowing t...
Thomas Hobbes1588, Apr 51608
 
16751679, Dec 4
 an English philosopher, best known today for his work on political philosophy. His 1651 book Levi...
Roger Williams1603, Dec 21 ca1628
 
16761683, Jan-Mar
 a Puritan, an English Reformed theologian, and later a Reformed Baptist who was expelled by the P...
Gian Lorenzo Bernini1598, Dec 71609
 
16781680, Nov 28
 an Italian artist and a prominent architect who worked principally in Rome. He was the leading sc...
Thomas Adyunknown1630
 
1679unknown
 an English physician and humanist who was the author of three sceptical books on witchcraft and w...
Thomas Watson [2]1620 ca1646
 
16791686
 an English, Nonconformist, Puritan preacher and author. He showed strong Presbyterian views durin...
Henry Fellunknown1650
 
1679unknown
 a Quaker missionary and writer. The first mention of him is in 1656 as suffering much from the ma...
Zhang Renxiunknown1670
 
 
1679unknown
 a noted Chinese poetical critic, who flourished in the 17th century. He was the author of the Ouw...
Denzil Holles1599, Oct 311624
 
16801680, Feb 17
 an English statesman and writer, best known as one of the Five Members whose attempted unconstitu...
William Robertsonunknown1650
 
1680unknown
 a Scottish Hebraist. He was educated at Edinburgh University, taught Hebrew in London from 1653...
Thomas Browne1605, Oct 191637
 
16821682, Oct 19
 an English polymath and author of varied works which reveal his wide learning in diverse fields i...
Uilliam O Duinninunknown1670
 
 
1682unknown
 an Irish scribe. Not much is known about him. The son of Domhnall Óg Ó Duinnín, Uilliam was th...
Guarino Guarini1624, Jan 71648
 
16831683, Mar 6
 an Italian architect of the Piedmontese Baroque and Theatine priest, mathematician, and writer. H...
John Archerunknown1660
 
 
1684unknown
 a court physician in the reign of Charles II. Of his origin nothing is certainly known; but he wa...
Edmund Waller1606, Mar 31624
 
16861687, Oct 21
 an English poet and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1624 and ...
Basil Ringroseunknown1653
 
1686unknown
 surgeon and cartographer ……runaway indentured servant who joined Bartholomew Sharp's "Pacific...
Ferrand Spenceunknown1682
 
 
1686unknown
 translator
Ferghal Dubh O Gadhraunknown1655
 
1686+unknown
 an Irish cleric and scribe. O Gadhra was the compiler of the O Gara Manuscript (now RIA MS 23 F 1...
John Bunyan1628, Nov1644
 
16881688, Aug 31
 an English writer and Baptist preacher best remembered as the author of the Christian allegory Th...
Anna Weamysunknown1650
 
1688unknown
 an English author. Weamys has been identified as the author of A Continuation of Sir Philip Sydne...
Elizabeth Cellierunknown1668
 
 
1688unknown
 a notable Catholic midwife in seventeenth-century England. She stood trial for treason in 1679 fo...
Aphra Behn1640, Dec 14 ca1670
 
 
16881689, Apr 16
 a British playwright, poet, translator and fiction writer from the Restoration era. As one of the...
Raveneau de Lussanunknown1679
 
 
1688unknown
 a French buccaneer. In 1679 he embarked for Santo Domingo in search of fortune, but was unsuccess...
Claude Bendierunknown1670
 
 
16891677
 a doctor of the Sorbonne, canon of Saint-Quentin, Aisne, and a well-known French bibliophile. Bor...
John Bradshawunknown1670
 
 
1689unknown
 an English criminal and supposed political writer. He was the son of Alban Bradshaw, an attorney,...
Jasper Danckaerts1639, May 71670
 
 
16891703 ca
 the founder of a colony of Labadists along the Bohemia River in Maryland. He was a cooper, and wa...
David Abercrombyunknown1680
 
 
16891702
 a 17th-century Scottish physician and writer. Brought up at Douai as a Roman Catholic by Jesuit p...
William Addyunknown1680
 
 
1689unknown
 a writing-master based in London, and the author of a system of shorthand published in 1685. The ...
Gabrielle-Charlotte Patin16661680
 
 
1689unknown
 a French numismatist, writer and painter during the 17th century. Granddaughter of medical doctor...
Colonel Cuthbert Potter1637 ca1653
 
16901691
 Born in England and died in Barbados. He practiced law in Lancaster County, Virginia, as early as...
Rhys Cadwaladrunknown1666
 
 
16901690
 a Welsh language poet and classical scholar, born in Conwy, north Wales. Died in 1690. He wrote a...
Eoghan O Donnghaileunknown1690
 
 
1690unknown
 an Irish poet. Eugene O'Curry wrote of Ó Donnghaile in his Manners and Customs , saying that: "...
Michael Wigglesworth16311651
 
16911705
 a Puritan minister, doctor and poet whose poem The Day of Doom was a bestseller in early New Engl...
John Evelyn1620, Oct 311640
 
16941706, Feb 27
 an English writer, gardener and diarist. Evelyn's diaries, or memoirs, are largely contemporaneou...
Matsuo Basho16441662
 
 
16941694
 the most famous poet of the Edo period in Japan. During his lifetime, Bash? was recognized for hi...
Daibhidh O Duibhgheannainunknown1651
 
1696unknown
 an active Iriish scribe, compiler and poet between the years 1651 and 1696. In the earliest of hi...
Edward Phillips1630, Aug1651
 
16961696 ca
 an English author. His most important work is Theatrum poetarum (1675), a list of the chief poets...
Marie de Rabutin-Chantal1626, Feb 51651
 
16961696, Apr 17
 a French aristocrat, remembered for her letter-writing. Most of her letters, celebrated for their...
Robert Andersonunknown1668
 
 
1696unknown
 an English mathematician and silk-weaver. He wrote articles and books devoting special attention...
William Wycherley1641 ca1659
 
 
16971716, Jan 1
 an English dramatist of the Restoration period, best known for the plays The Country Wife and The...
Gaspar Sanz16401660
 
 
16971710
 an Aragonese composer, guitarist, organist and priest born to a wealthy family in Calanda in the ...
Alexandre-Olivier Exquemelin16451669
 
 
16971707
 a French, Dutch or Flemish writer best known as the author of one of the most important sourceboo...
Thomas Neale16411664
 
 
16981699
 an English project-manager and politician who was also the first person to hold a position equiva...
John Fryer1650 ca1671
 
 
16981733, Mar 31
 an English doctor and Fellow of the Royal Society, now best remembered for his descriptions of tr...
Constantin Christian Dedekind1628, Apr 21652
 
16991715
 a German poet, dramatist, librettist, composer and bass singer of the Baroque era. His 1657 songb...
Joan Baptista Aguilarunknown1655
 
16991714
 a dramatic author and poet who lived in Valencia, Spain from his birth until his death in 1714. I...
Reuben Bourneunknown1690
 
 
1699unknown
 an English dramatist. Bourne belonged to the Middle Temple, and left behind him a comedy which ha...
Richard Duckworthunknown1690
 
 
1699unknown
 an English campanologist. Duckworth, a native of Leicestershire, is probably identical with the R...
Henry Higden16451690
 
 
1699unknown
 an English poet and dramatist. Higden was a Yorkshireman, and a member of the Middle Temple. He i...
Carlo Giuseppe Imbonatiunknown1690
 
 
1699unknown
 a Cistercian scholar who was active during the last half of the 17th century. He spent much of hi...
John Ayresunknown1680
 
 
1700unknown
 an English author, scribe and publisher. About 1680 he commenced the execution and publication of...
William Bradshaw [2]unknown1700
 
 
1700unknown
 a British hack writer. Not much is known about his life. Bradshaw was originally educated for the...
Jacques-Benigne Bossuet1627, Sep 271643
 
17011704, Apr 12
 a French bishop and theologian, renowned for his sermons and other addresses. He has been conside...
Roger L'Estrange1616, Dec 171639
 
17021704, Dec 11
 an English pamphleteer, author and staunch defender of Royalist claims. L'Estrange was involved i...
Philipp Spener1635, Jan 131653
 
17021705, Feb 5
 a German Christian theologian known as the "Father of Pietism." Highly influenced by Johann Arndt...
John Locke1632, Aug 291660
 
 
17041704, Oct 28
 an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlighten...
Estephan El Douaihy1630, Aug 21670
 
 
17041704, May 3
 He was the 57th Patriarch of the Maronite Church from 1670 to 1704. He is considered one of the m...
Sarah Kemble Knight1666, Apr 191704
 
 
17051727, Sep 25
 a teacher and businesswoman, who is remembered for a brief diary of a journey from Boston, Massac...
Charles Montagu1661, Apr 161683
 
 
17061715, May 19
 an English poet and statesman. In 1685, Montagu's verses on the death of King Charles II made suc...
Thomas Edwards [3]16521685
 
 
17071721
 a Welsh divine and orientalist. Edwards was born at Llanllèchid, near Bangor, Carnarvonshire, in...
Jacques de la Fayeunknown1690
 
 
1709unknown
 a 17th-18th century French writer whose Defensio Religionis (&Defense of Religion') a 251-page cr...
Gangadhara Vajapeyiunknown1700
 
 
1709unknown
 a great vedic scholar of the Krishna Yajurveda from Thiruvalangadu in Thanjavur district of Tamil...
Francisco de Artiga16501670
 
17111711
 an engraver, an architect, a mathematician, and an author of reputation. He painted several 'Siby...
Haquin Spegel1645, Jun 141670
 
17141714, Apr 17
 a religious author and hymn writer who held several bishop's seats for the Lutheran Swedish Churc...
Samuel Garth16611691
 
17141719, Jan 18
 an English physician and poet. In 1697 he delivered the Harveian Oration, in which he advocated a...
William Congreve [1]1670, Jan 241692
 
17141729, Jan 19
 an English playwright and poet. William Congreve is seen as the man who shaped the English comedy...
William Dampier1651, Sep1673
 
17151715, Mar
 the first Englishman to explore parts of what is today Australia, and the first person to circumn...
Karen Brahe1657, Dec 11683
 
17171736, Sep 27
 a Danish aristocrat and book-collector. Karen became an able administrator of her father's estate...
Naphtali Cohen16491690
 
17181718
 a Russo-German rabbi and kabalist born in Ostrowo in Ukraine. He belonged to a family of rabbis i...
Thomas Parnell1679, Sep 111705
 
17181718, Oct 24
 an Anglo-Irish poet and clergyman who was a friend of both Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift. He ...
Samuel Schotten16441685
 
17191719, Jul 5
  He became Rabbi of the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt in 1685. Shmuel Schotten HaCohen was born ...
Joseph Addison1672, May 11693
 
17191719, Jun 17
 an English essayist, poet, playwright, and politician. He was the eldest son of The Reverend Lanc...
Willem Sewel1653, Apr1668
 
17201720, Mar
 a Dutch Quaker historian, of English background. He was son of Jacob Williamson Sewel, a free cit...
Thomas d'Urfey16531676
 
17201723, Feb 26
 an English writer and wit. He composed plays, songs, and poetry, in addition to writing jokes. He...
Pierre Daniel Huet1630, Feb 81651
 
17211721, Jan 26
 a French churchman and scholar, editor of the Delphin Classics, founder of the Academie du Physiq...
Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach1656, Jul 201671
 
17231723, Apr 5
 an Austrian architect, sculptor, and architectural historian whose Baroque architecture profoundl...
Richard Boultonunknown1697
 
1724unknown
 a physician and author from England. Boulton was educated at Brasenose College, Oxford, and for s...
Richard Steele1672, Mar1697
 
17241729, Sep 1
  an Irish writer and politician, remembered as co-founder, with his friend Joseph Addison, of the...
Isaac Newton1642, Dec 251665
 
17261726, Mar 20
 an English physicist and mathematician (described in his own day as a "natural philosopher") who ...
Cotton Mather1663, Feb 121685
 
17261728, Feb 13
 a socially and politically influential New England Puritan minister, prolific author, and pamphle...
Richard Blackmore1654, Jan 221682
 
17271729, Oct 9
 an English poet and physician, is remembered primarily as the object of satire and as an example ...
Daniel Defoe1660 ca1697
 
17281731, Apr
 an English trader, writer, journalist, pamphleteer, and spy, most famous for his novel Robinson C...
David Nieto16541702
 
17281728, Jan 10
 the Haham of the Spanish and Portuguese Jewish community in London, later succeeded in this capac...
John Arbuthnot1667, Apr1685
 
17351735, Feb 27
 a Scottish physician, satirist and polymath in London. He is best remembered for his contribution...
Alexander Pope1688, May 211709
 
17381744, May 30
 an 18th-century English poet. He is best known for his satirical verse, as well as for his transl...
Jethro Tull16741693
 
17401741, Feb 21
 an English agricultural pioneer from Berkshire who helped bring about the British Agricultural Re...
Melchior de Polignac1661, Oct 111683
 
17421742, Nov 20
 a French diplomat, Cardinal and neo-Latin poet. During the last years of Louis XIV, Abbé de Pol...
John Atkins16851703
 
17421757
 a British Royal naval surgeon. Atkins published two books, both of which have had more than one e...
Richard Tipperunknown1709
 
1742unknown
 an Irish scribe. Richard Tipper lived at Mitchelstown, parish of Castleknock, County Dublin. He l...
Alain-Rene Lesage1668, May 61695
 
17431747, Nov 17
 a French novelist and playwright. Lesage is best known for his comic novel The Devil upon Two Sti...
Charlotte-Catherine Patin1672 ca1683
 
17441744
 a 17th- and 18th-century French writer and art critic. Granddaughter of medical doctor and letter...
Gavril Stefanovic Venclovicunknown1680
 
1749unknown
 a Serbian priest, writer, poet, orator, philosopher, and illuminator. He was one of the first and...
Jonathan Swift1667, Nov 301690
 
17491745, Oct 19
 an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Torie...
Aaron Hart16701692
 
17561756
 the first chief rabbi of the United Kingdom and the rabbi of the Great Synagogue of London from 1...
Simon Awad16831708
 
17561756, Feb 12
 the Maronite Patriarch of Antioch from 1743 to his death in 1756, remembered as an Arab writer. I...
Samuel Richardson1689, Aug 191706
 
17581761, Jul 4
 an 18th-century English writer and printer. He is best known for his three epistolary novels: Pam...
Johann Georg Bergmuller1688, Apr 151702
 
17621762, Apr 2
 a painter, particularly of frescoes, of the Baroque. Bergmüller quickly acquired a high reputati...
Firmin Abauzit1679, Nov 111698
 
17671767, Mar 20
 a French scholar who worked on physics, theology and philosophy, and served as librarian in Genev...
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