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1517, Jun 181557-15861593, Feb 6
the 106th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from October 27, 1557, to December 17, 1586, corresponding to the transition between the Warring States Era and the Azuchi–Momoyama period. In 1586, Emperor Ogimachi abdicated in favor of his grandson, Imperial Prince Katahito, who became the Emperor Go-Yozei. Ogimachi retired to the Sennoda Palace. On February 6, 1593, he died. During Ogimachi's reign, with the assistance of Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the imperial family was able to halt the political, financial, and cultural decline it had been in since the Onin War, and began a time of recovery.
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Emperor Ogimachi 1517, Jun 181557
 
15861593, Feb 6

Queen Mary I1516, Feb 181553
 
15581558, Nov 17
 the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her executions of Protestants le...
Christian III1503, Aug 121537
 
15591559, Jan 1
 reigned as king of Denmark from 1534 until his death and Norway from 1537 until his death. During...
King Henry II1519, Mar 311547
 
15591559, Jul 10
 a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death i...
Francis II of France1544, Jan 191559
 
 
15601560, Dec 5
 a monarch of the House of Valois-Angoulême who was King of France from 1559 to 1560. He was also...
Robert of Berghesunknown1557
 
15631564
 87th Prince-bishop of Liège (1557–1563). He was forced to resign the see on 30 March 1563, due...
HRE Ferdinand I1503, Mar 101521
 
15641564, Jul 25
  Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 15...
Turgut Reis14851500
 
15651565, Jun 23
 an Ottoman Greek Admiral and privateer who also served as Bey of Algiers; Beylerbey of the Medite...
Miguel Lopez de Legazpi1502 ca1528
 
15651572, Aug 20
 a Basque Spanish navigator and governor who established the first Spanish settlement in the East ...
Chan Iunknown1516
 
15661566
 one of the most illustrious Cambodian kings (reigned 1516–66) of the post-Angkor era. He succes...
Suleiman I1494, Nov 61520
 
15661566, Sep 7
  the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate, ...
Pedro de la Gasca1485, Jun1542
 
15671567, Nov 13
 a Spanish bishop, diplomat and the second (acting) viceroy of Peru, from April 10, 1547 to Januar...
Sunan Gunungjati14481479
 
15681568, Sep 19
  one of the Wali Songo, or nine saints of Islam revered in Indonesia. He founded the Sultanate of...
Lamoral of Egmont1522, Nov 181542
 
15681568, Jun 5
 a general and statesman in the Spanish Netherlands just before the start of the Eighty Years' War...
Takanobu Matsura15291540
 
15691599, Apr 1
 a 16th-century Japanese samurai and 25th hereditary lord of the Matsura clan of Hirado. He was on...
Maha Chakkraphat15091548
 
15691569
 king of the Ayutthaya kingdom from 1548 to 1564 and 1568 to 1569. Originally called Prince Thianr...
Matsura Takanobu15291550
 
15691599, Apr 1
  a 16th-century Japanese samurai and 25th hereditary lord of the Matsura clan of Hirado. He was o...
Charles IX1550, Jun 271560
 
 
15741574, May 30
 a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1560 until his death from tuber...
Selim II1524, May 281566
 
 
15741574, Dec 12/15
  the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1566 until his death in...
Maximilian II1527, Jul 311564
 
 
15761576, Oct 12
 a member of the Austrian House of Habsburg, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1564 until his death. He ...
Mary Stuart1542, Dec 81558
 
15871587, Feb 8
 reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567. As Mary was an infant when she inher...
Frederick II1534, Jul 11559
 
15881588, Apr 4
 King of Denmark and Norway and duke of Schleswig from 1559 until his death. He was hailed as succ...
Henry III1551, Sep 191573
 
15891589, Aug 2
 a monarch of the House of Valois who was elected the monarch of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealt...
Charles II of Austria1540, Jun 31564
 
15901590, Jul 10
 an Archduke of Austria and ruler of Inner Austria (Styria, Carniola and Carinthia) from 1564. He ...
Mahathammarachathirat15091569
 
15901590, Jun
 the first King of Ayutthaya Kingdom of the Sukhothai dynasty ruling from 1569 to 1590. As a power...
Ferdinand II1529, Jun 141564
 
15951595, Jan 24
 ruler of Further Austria including Tirol. The son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, he was marr...
Murad III1546, Jul 41574
 
15951595, Jan 15/16
 the emperor and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death in 1595. Murad's reign is ...
King Philip II1527, May 211540
 
15981598, Sep 13
  King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples a...
Queen Elizabeth I1533, Sep 71558
 
16031603, Mar 24
 Queen of England and Ireland (and Supreme Governor of the Church of England ) from 17 November 15...
Opchanacanough1554 ca1500
 
16091646
 a tribal chief of the Powhatan Confederacy of what is now Virginia in the United States, and its ...
Henry IV1553, Dec 131572
 
16101610, May 14
 King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was the...
Rudolf II1552, Jul 181576
 
16121612, Jan 20
  Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572–1608), King o...
Sampson Lennard15441571
 
16141615, Sep 20
 an English Member of Parliament who represented an unusually large number of different constituen...
Francis Bacon1561, Jan 221579
 
16261626, Apr 9
 an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist and author. He served both...
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