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1503, Mar 101521-15641564, Jul 25
Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 1527 until his death. Before his accession, he ruled the Austrian hereditary lands of the Habsburgs in the name of his elder brother, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Also, he often served as Charles' representative in Germany and developed useful relationships with German princes.
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 Timeline (14)
07/22/1515- Anna of Bohemia and Hungary (12) marries Ferdinand I of Austria 
10/24/1526- Ferdinand I of Austria chosen as King of Bohemia
02/24/1527- Ferdinand I of Austria crowned as king of Bohemia 
11/03/1527- Ferdinand I of Austria/Bohemia coronated as king of Hungary
01/31/1531-Kings Ferdinand I of Austria and John Zapolya of Hungary accept each other 
07/22/1533- Ferdinand I of Austria and Suleiman I (Ottoman Empire) sign the Treaty of Constantinople
02/24/1538-King Ferdinand I of Austria and King John Zapolya of Hungary sign Peace of Grosswardein
12/29/1541-Isabella Jagiellon of Poland and King Ferdinand I of Austria sign the Treaty of Gyalu
06/13/1547-King Ferdinand I of Austria subjects himself on Turkish sultan Suleiman I 
07/19/1551-Treaty of Weissenburg (aka Treaty of Karlsburg): arch duke Ferdinand I of Austria recognized as king of Hungary/Transsylvania
09/09/1556-Pope Paul IV refuses to crown Ferdinand I emperor 
09/12/1556-Holy Roman Emperor Charles V resigns, his brother Ferdinand I takes over 
03/14/1558- Ferdinand I coronated as Holy Roman emperor
06/01/1562-Emperor Ferdinand I and Sultan Suleiman I signs treaty 
 Contemporaries
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HRE Ferdinand I1503, Mar 101521
 
15641564, Jul 25

Christian II1481, Jul 11513
 
15231559, Jan 25
 a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union. He reigned as King of Denmark and Norway from 1513...
Philip of Burgundy14641498
 
15241524
 Admiral of the Netherlands from 1498 to 1517 and bishop of Utrecht from 1517 to 1524. In the year...
Emperor Go-Kashiwabara 1464, Nov 191500
 
15261526, May 19
 the 104th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from Nov...
Ramathibodi II14731491
 
15291529
 the King of Sukhothai from 1485 and King of Ayutthaya from 1491 to 1529. His reign was marked by ...
Frederick I1471, Oct 71523
 
 
15331533, Apr 10
 the King of Denmark and Norway. His name is also spelled Friedrich in German, Frederik in Danish ...
Borommarachathira IVunknown1529
 
 
15331533
 the short-reigning king of Ayutthaya from 1529 to 1533. Prince Athittayawong was the son of Ramat...
Ratsadathirat1528/291533/34
 
 
1533/341534/35
 the twelfth king of Ayutthaya, an ancient kingdom in Thailand. He was a son of Borommarachathirat...
Olav Engelbrektsson1480 ca1533
 
 
15371538, Feb 7
 the 28th Archbishop of Norway from 1523 to 1537, the Regent of Norway from 1533 to 1537, a member...
Pedro de Alvarado1485 ca1510
 
15411541, Jul 4
 a Spanish conquistador and governor of Guatemala. He participated in the conquest of Cuba, in Jua...
Chairachathiratunknown1534
 
 
15461546
 King of the Ayutthaya kingdom of Siam. His reign was remarkable for the influx of Portuguese trad...
King Henry VIII1491, Jun 281509
 
15471547, Jan 28
  King of England from 1509 until his death and Supreme Head of the Church of England from 1536 to...
Francis I of France1494, Sep 121515
 
15471547, Mar 31
  the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 u...
Worawongsathiratunknown1548
 
 
15481548, Nov 11
 a usurper in the Ayutthaya Kingdom, ruling for only 42 days in 1548 before being assassinated. Si...
John Hubrechtszunknown1530
 
 
1549unknown
 a sheriff of Amsterdam, later declared a heretic
Pedro de Valdivia1497, Apr 171520
 
15531553, Dec 25
 a Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile. After serving with the Spanish army...
Edward VI1537, Oct 121547
 
 
15531553, Jul 6
  King of England and Ireland (and Supreme Head of the Church of England) from 28 January 1547 unt...
Lady Jane Grey1536/371553
 
 
15531554, Feb 12
 an English noblewoman and de facto monarch of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553...
Anne of Cleves1515, Sep 221539
 
 
15541557, Jul 16
  Queen of England from 6 January to 9 July 1540 as the fourth wife of King Henry VIII. The marri...
Pedro Mascarenhas14701512
 
15551555, Jun 16
 a Portuguese explorer and colonial administrator. He was the first European to discover the islan...
HRE Charles V1500, Feb 241506
 
15561558, Sep 21
 ruler of both the Spanish Empire from 1516 and the Holy Roman Empire from 1519, as well as of the...
Emperor Go-Nara 1495, Jan 261526
 
 
15571557, Sep 27
 the 105th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from Jun...
Isabella Jagiellon1519, Jan 181530
 
 
15571559, Sep 15
 the oldest child of Polish King Sigismund I the Old and his Italian wife Bona Sforza. In 1539, sh...
Queen Mary I1516, Feb 181553
 
 
15581558, Nov 17
 the Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 until her death. Her executions of Protestants le...
Christian III1503, Aug 121537
 
 
15591559, Jan 1
 reigned as king of Denmark from 1534 until his death and Norway from 1537 until his death. During...
King Henry II1519, Mar 311547
 
 
15591559, Jul 10
 a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death i...
Robert of Berghesunknown1557
 
 
15631564
 87th Prince-bishop of Liège (1557–1563). He was forced to resign the see on 30 March 1563, due...
Turgut Reis14851500
 
15651565, Jun 23
 an Ottoman Greek Admiral and privateer who also served as Bey of Algiers; Beylerbey of the Medite...
Miguel Lopez de Legazpi1502 ca1528
 
15651572, Aug 20
 a Basque Spanish navigator and governor who established the first Spanish settlement in the East ...
Chan Iunknown1516
 
15661566
 one of the most illustrious Cambodian kings (reigned 1516–66) of the post-Angkor era. He succes...
Suleiman I1494, Nov 61520
 
15661566, Sep 7
  the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate, ...
Pedro de la Gasca1485, Jun1542
 
15671567, Nov 13
 a Spanish bishop, diplomat and the second (acting) viceroy of Peru, from April 10, 1547 to Januar...
Sunan Gunungjati14481479
 
15681568, Sep 19
  one of the Wali Songo, or nine saints of Islam revered in Indonesia. He founded the Sultanate of...
Lamoral of Egmont1522, Nov 181542
 
15681568, Jun 5
 a general and statesman in the Spanish Netherlands just before the start of the Eighty Years' War...
Takanobu Matsura15291540
 
15691599, Apr 1
 a 16th-century Japanese samurai and 25th hereditary lord of the Matsura clan of Hirado. He was on...
Maha Chakkraphat15091548
 
15691569
 king of the Ayutthaya kingdom from 1548 to 1564 and 1568 to 1569. Originally called Prince Thianr...
Matsura Takanobu15291550
 
15691599, Apr 1
  a 16th-century Japanese samurai and 25th hereditary lord of the Matsura clan of Hirado. He was o...
Charles IX1550, Jun 271560
 
15741574, May 30
 a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1560 until his death from tuber...
Emperor Ogimachi 1517, Jun 181557
 
15861593, Feb 6
 the 106th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from Oct...
Mary Stuart1542, Dec 81558
 
15871587, Feb 8
 reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567. As Mary was an infant when she inher...
Frederick II1534, Jul 11559
 
15881588, Apr 4
 King of Denmark and Norway and duke of Schleswig from 1559 until his death. He was hailed as succ...
King Philip II1527, May 211540
 
15981598, Sep 13
  King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples a...
Queen Elizabeth I1533, Sep 71558
 
16031603, Mar 24
 Queen of England and Ireland (and Supreme Governor of the Church of England ) from 17 November 15...
Opchanacanough1554 ca1500
 
16091646
 a tribal chief of the Powhatan Confederacy of what is now Virginia in the United States, and its ...
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