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1557, Feb 241595-16191619, Mar 20
Holy Roman Emperor from 1612, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1608 (as Matthias II) and King of Bohemia from 1611. He was a member of the House of Habsburg. Matthias was born in the Austrian capital of Vienna to Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria of Spain. Matthias married Archduchess Anna of Austria, daughter of his uncle Archduke Ferdinand II of Austria, whose successor in Further Austria Matthias became in 1595. Their marriage did not produce surviving children.
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05/19/1608- Matthias's army reaches Lieben, at Prague 
05/23/1611- Matthias, Holy Roman Emperor, coronated king of Bohemia
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Carolus Luython
...officials dismissed without pension by Rudolf's successor Matthias. Luython was forced to sell his possessions,...
 Contemporaries
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HRE Matthias1557, Feb 241595
 
16191619, Mar 20

King Philip II1527, May 211540
 
15981598, Sep 13
  King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples a...
Queen Elizabeth I1533, Sep 71558
 
16031603, Mar 24
 Queen of England and Ireland (and Supreme Governor of the Church of England ) from 17 November 15...
Mehmed III1566, May 261595
 
16031603, Dec 21/22
  the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1595 until his death in 1603. His reign is most...
Opchanacanough1554 ca1500
 
16091646
 a tribal chief of the Powhatan Confederacy of what is now Virginia in the United States, and its ...
Henry IV1553, Dec 131572
 
16101610, May 14
 King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was the...
Emperor Go-Yozei 1571, Dec 311586
 
16111617, Sep 25
  the 107th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Go-Yozei's reign s...
Rudolf II1552, Jul 181576
 
16121612, Jan 20
  Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572–1608), King o...
Sampson Lennard15441571
 
16141615, Sep 20
 an English Member of Parliament who represented an unusually large number of different constituen...
William Parkerunknown1587
 
16171617
 an English captain and privateer, and also Mayor of Plymouth. He was born near Plymouth and wa...
Ahmed I1590, Apr 181603
 
 
16171617, Nov 22
 the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Caliphate from 1603 unti...
Maximilian III1558, Oct 121593
 
16181618, Nov 2
 the Archduke of Further Austria from 1612 until his death. From 1585 Maximilian became the Grandm...
Farrukh Pashaunknown1593
 
16211621
 the Ottoman governor of Nablus and Jerusalem in the early 17th century, and founder of the Farruk...
Albert VII1559, Nov 131598
 
16211621, Jul 13
 the ruling Archduke of Austria for a few months in 1619 and, jointly with his wife, Isabella Clar...
Osman II1604, Nov 31618
 
16221622, May 20
 the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1618 until his death on ...
Mustafa I15911617
 
16231639, Jan 20
 the son of Mehmed III and was the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1617 to 1618 and f...
King James I1566, Jun 191603
 
16251625, Mar 27
  King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland (and Supreme Head...
Francis Bacon1561, Jan 221579
 
16261626, Apr 9
 an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist and author. He served both...
Robert Naunton15631606
 
16261635, Mar 27
 an English writer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1606 an...
Juan de Onate15501595
 
16291626/1630
 a Novohispanic Conquistador, explorer, and colonial governor of the Santa Fe de Nuevo México pro...
Willem Janszoon1570 ca1598
 
16291630
 a Dutch navigator and colonial governor. Janszoon served in the Netherlands East Indies in the pe...
Emperor Go-Mizunoo 1596, Jun 291611
 
16291680, Sep 11
 the 108th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Go-Mizunoo's reign ...
Henry Wotton1568, Mar 301588
 
16331639, Dec
 an English author, diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1614 and 1625. Of 2...
Albrecht von Wallenstein1583, Sep 241604
 
16341634, Feb 25
 a Bohemian military leader and politician who offered his services, and an army of 30,000 to 100,...
HRE Ferdinand III1608, Jul 131590/1619
 
16371657, Apr 2
  Holy Roman Emperor from 15 February 1637 until his death, as well as King of Hungary and Croatia...
Hendrik Brouwer15811606
 
16431643, Aug 7
 a Dutch explorer, admiral, and colonial administrator both in Japan and the Dutch East Indies. He...
King Louis XIII1601, Sep 2781610
 
16431643, May 14
 a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navar...
Sultan Agung of Mataram15931613
 
16451645
 A skilled soldier, he conquered neighbouring states and expanded and consolidated his kingdom to ...
Michael I1596, Jul 121613
 
16451645, Jul 13
 the first Russian Tsar of the house of Romanov after the zemskiy sobor of 1613 elected him to rul...
Christian IV1577, Apr 121588
 
16481648, Feb 28
 king of Denmark-Norway and Duke of Holstein and Schleswig from 1588 to 1648. His 59-year reign is...
Maximilian I of Bavaria1573, Apr 171591
 
16511651, Sep 27
 a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and a prince-elector (Kurfürst) of the Holy Roman Empire. His rei...
Myles Standish1584 ca1603
 
16561656, Oct 3
 an English military officer hired by the Pilgrims as military adviser for Plymouth Colony. He acc...
Bohdan Khmelnytsky1595 ca1617
 
16571657, Aug 6
 a Ukrainian Hetman of the Zaporozhian Host of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in the Polish–...
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