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1573, Apr 171591-16511651, Sep 27
a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and a prince-elector (Kurfürst) of the Holy Roman Empire. His reign was marked by the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). Maximilian refrained from any interference in German politics until 1607, when he was entrusted with the duty of executing the imperial ban against the free city of Donauwörth, a Protestant stronghold. In December 1607 his troops occupied the city, and vigorous steps were taken to restore the supremacy of Catholicism.
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08/08/1619-Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria and Emperor Ferdinand II signs Treaty of Munchen 
02/23/1623-Duke Maximilian I of Bavaria becomes ruler of the Palatinate of the Rhine 
05/30/1631-France and Maximilian I of Bavaria sign the Treaty of Fontainebleau
05/17/1648-Emperor Ferdinand III defeats Maximilian I of Bavaria 
 Contemporaries
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Maximilian I of Bavaria1573, Apr 171591
 
16511651, Sep 27

Ferdinand II1529, Jun 141564
 
15951595, Jan 24
 ruler of Further Austria including Tirol. The son of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, he was marr...
Murad III1546, Jul 41574
 
15951595, Jan 15/16
 the emperor and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1574 until his death in 1595. Murad's reign is ...
King Philip II1527, May 211540
 
15981598, Sep 13
  King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples a...
Queen Elizabeth I1533, Sep 71558
 
16031603, Mar 24
 Queen of England and Ireland (and Supreme Governor of the Church of England ) from 17 November 15...
Mehmed III1566, May 261595
 
 
16031603, Dec 21/22
  the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1595 until his death in 1603. His reign is most...
Rudolf II1552, Jul 181576
 
16081612, Jan 20
  Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572–1608), King o...
Opchanacanough1554 ca1500
 
16091646
 a tribal chief of the Powhatan Confederacy of what is now Virginia in the United States, and its ...
Henry IV1553, Dec 131572
 
16101610, May 14
  King of Navarre (as Henry III) from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was th...
Emperor Go-Yozei 1571, Dec 311586
 
16111617, Sep 25
  the 107th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Go-Yozei's reign s...
Sampson Lennard15441571
 
16141615, Sep 20
 an English Member of Parliament who represented an unusually large number of different constituen...
William Parkerunknown1587
 
16171617
 an English captain and privateer, and also Mayor of Plymouth. He was born near Plymouth and was ...
Ahmed I1590, Apr 181603
 
 
16171617, Nov 22
 the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Caliphate from 1603 unti...
Maximilian III1558, Oct 121593
 
 
16181618, Nov 2
 the Archduke of Further Austria from 1612 until his death. From 1585 Maximilian became the Grandm...
HRE Matthias1557, Feb 241595
 
 
16191619, Mar 20
  Holy Roman Emperor from 1612, King of Hungary and Croatia from 1608 (as Matthias II) and King of...
Farrukh Pashaunknown1593
 
 
16211621
 the Ottoman governor of Nablus and Jerusalem in the early 17th century, and founder of the Farruk...
Albert VII1559, Nov 131598
 
 
16211621, Jul 13
 the ruling Archduke of Austria for a few months in 1619 and, jointly with his wife, Isabella Clar...
Osman II1604, Nov 31618
 
 
16221622, May 20
 the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1618 until his death on ...
Mustafa I15911617
 
 
16231639, Jan 20
 the son of Mehmed III and was the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1617 to 1618 and f...
King James I1566, Jun 191603
 
 
16251625, Mar 27
  King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland (and Supreme Head...
Francis Bacon1561, Jan 221579
 
16261626, Apr 9
 an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, orator, essayist and author. He served both...
Robert Naunton15631606
 
 
16261635, Mar 27
 an English writer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1606 an...
Juan de Onate15501595
 
 
16291626/1630
 a Novohispanic Conquistador, explorer, and colonial governor of the Santa Fe de Nuevo México pro...
Willem Janszoon1570 ca1598
 
 
16291630
 a Dutch navigator and colonial governor. Janszoon served in the Netherlands East Indies in the pe...
Emperor Go-Mizunoo 1596, Jun 291611
 
 
16291680, Sep 11
 the 108th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Go-Mizunoo's reign ...
Leopold V1586, Oct 91623
 
 
16321632, Sep 13
 the son of Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria, and the younger brother of Emperor Ferdinand II,...
Henry Wotton1568, Mar 301588
 
16331639, Dec
 an English author, diplomat and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1614 and 1625. Of 2...
Albrecht von Wallenstein1583, Sep 241604
 
 
16341634, Feb 25
 a Bohemian military leader and politician who offered his services, and an army of 30,000 to 100,...
Johannes van Walbeeck16021634
 
 
16341649+
 a Dutch navigator and cartographer during a 1620s circumnavigation of the earth, an admiral of th...
HRE Ferdinand III1608, Jul 131590/1619
 
16371657, Apr 2
  Holy Roman Emperor from 15 February 1637 until his death, as well as King of Hungary and Croatia...
Peter Minuit1583 ca1625
 
 
16381638, Aug 5
 a Walloon from Wesel, in present-day North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, then part of the Duchy of C...
George William1595, Nov 131619
 
 
16401640, Dec 1
 margrave and elector of Brandenburg and duke of Prussia from 1619 until his death. His reign was ...
Murad IV1612, Jul 26/271623
 
 
16401640, Feb 8
 the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1623 to 1640, known both for restoring the autho...
Hendrik Brouwer15811606
 
 
16431643, Aug 7
 a Dutch explorer, admiral, and colonial administrator both in Japan and the Dutch East Indies. He...
King Louis XIII1601, Sep 2781610
 
 
16431643, May 14
 a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1610 to 1643 and King of Navar...
Empress Meisho unknown1629
 
 
1643unknown
 Given name: Okiko
Sultan Agung of Mataram15931613
 
 
16451645
 A skilled soldier, he conquered neighbouring states and expanded and consolidated his kingdom to ...
Michael I1596, Jul 121613
 
 
16451645, Jul 13
 the first Russian Tsar of the house of Romanov after the zemskiy sobor of 1613 elected him to rul...
Zhang Xianzhong1606, Sep 181644
 
 
16461647, Jan 2
 a leader of a peasant revolt from Yan'an, Shaanxi Province. He served in the Ming army, and while...
Christian IV1577, Apr 121588
 
16481648, Feb 28
 king of Denmark-Norway and Duke of Holstein and Schleswig from 1588 to 1648. His 59-year reign is...
Ibrahim I1615, Nov 51640
 
 
16481648, Aug 18
 the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1640 until 1648. Ibrahim...
Charles I1600, Nov 191625
 
 
16491649, Jan 30
 was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and Supreme Governor of the ...
Emperor Go-Komyo 1633, Apr 201643
 
16541654, Oct 30
 the 110th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Go-Komyo's reign sp...
Myles Standish1584 ca1603
 
16561656, Oct 3
 an English military officer hired by the Pilgrims as military adviser for Plymouth Colony. He acc...
Bohdan Khmelnytsky1595 ca1617
 
16571657, Aug 6
 a Ukrainian Hetman of the Zaporozhian Host of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland in the Polish–...
Ferdinand IV1633, Sep 81637
 
16571654, Jul 9
 made King of Bohemia in 1646, King of Hungary and Croatia in 1647, and King of the Romans on 31 M...
Oliver Cromwell1599, Apr 251628
 
16581658, Sep 3
 an English military and political leader and later Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England,...
John Stone [2]unknown1650
 
1659unknown
 an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1653 and 1659. In 1653, Stone was e...
Nathaniel Bacon [3]1593, Dec 121645
 
16601660
 an English Puritan lawyer, writer and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times...
Ferdinand Charles1628, May 171632
 
16621662, Dec 30
 the Archduke of Further Austria, including Tyrol, from 1646 to 1662. As the son of Archduke Leopo...
Zhu Youlang1623, Nov 11646
 
16621662, Jun 1
 the fourth and last emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty of China. His era name means "Perpetual ...
Philip IV1605, Apr 81621
 
16651665, Sep 17
  King of Spain (as Philip IV in Castille and Philip III in Aragon) and Portugal as Philip III (Po...
Ferdinando II de' Medici1610, Jul 141621
 
16701670, May 23
  grand duke of Tuscany from 1621 to 1670. He was the eldest son of Cosimo II de' Medici and Maria...
Frederick III of Denmark1609, Mar 181648
 
16701670, Feb 9
 king of Denmark and Norway from 1648 until his death. He also governed under the name Frederick I...
Amangkurat Iunknown1646
 
1677unknown
 the sultan of Mataram from 1646 to 1677. He was the son of the powerful Sultan Agung. Upon takin...
Mehmed IV1642, Jan 21648
 
16871693, Jan 6
 the Sultan and Caliph of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687. Taking the throne at age six, his ...
Frederick William1620, Feb 161640
 
16881688, Apr 29
 Elector of Brandenburg and Duke of Prussia, thus ruler of Brandenburg-Prussia, from 1640 until hi...
Roger L'Estrange1616, Dec 171639
 
17021704, Dec 11
 an English pamphleteer, author and staunch defender of Royalist claims. L'Estrange was involved i...
King Louis XIV1638, Sep 51643
 
17151715, Sep 1
 a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715. ...
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