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1494, Sep 121515-15471547, Mar 31
the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death. He was the son of Charles, Count of Angoulême, and Louise of Savoy. A prodigious patron of the arts, he initiated the French Renaissance by attracting many Italian artists to work on the Château de Chambord, including Leonardo da Vinci, who brought the Mona Lisa with him, which Francis had acquired. Francis' reign saw important cultural changes with the rise of absolute monarchy in France, the spread of humanism and Protestantism, and the beginning of French exploration of the New World.
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 Timeline (18)
01/01/1515-Francois, Duke of Angoulame, succeeds emperor Louis XII as Francis I of France
08/13/1516-Kings Charles I and Francis I of France signs Treaty of Noyon
04/22/1521-King Francis I of France declares war on Spain 
02/20/1525-Swiss and German mercenaries desert Francis I of France's army 
01/14/1526- Charles V and Francis I of France sign Treaty of Madrid -- Francis I forced to give up claims in Burgundy, Italy and Flanders
03/17/1526-King Francis I of France freed from Spain
03/26/1526-King Francis I of France returns Spanish captivity to France 
08/05/1529-The Treaty of Cambrai -- aka the "Ladies' Peace" -- signed by emperor Charles V and King Francis I of France
06/09/1531-Pope Clement VII and Francis I of France sign secret treaty against Charles V 
06/23/1532- Henry VIII and Francis I of France signs secret treaty against emperor Charles V
01/24/1534- Francis I of France signs classified treaty with evangelical German monarchy 
06/18/1538-Truce of Nice: ends war between Emperor Charles V and King Francis I of France
07/15/1538-Peace talks between Charles V and King Francis I of France 
12/16/1538-King Francis I of France orders renewed pursuit of Protestants 
02/01/1539-Emperor Charles V and King Francis I of France sign anti-English treaty 
09/18/1544-HRE Charles V of Germany and Francis I of France sign Peace of Crepy
04/12/1545-King Francis I of France orders protestants of Vaudois to be killed 
03/31/1547- Henry II succeeds Francis I of France as king of France
 Notes (1)
Kings of France:

Charles VIII (1483-1498): a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1483 to his death in 1498. He succeeded his father Louis XI at the age of...
Louis XII (1498-1515): a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1498 to 1515 and King of Naples from 1501 to 1504. Louis persevered in the...
Francis I of France (1515-1547): the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 until his death. He was the son of Charles, ...
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 Mentions (8)
Pierre Bontemps
...executed most of the bas-reliefs on the tomb of King Francis I of France, representing the French victories at...
Jean de Clamorgan
...in 1567. He was also the author of a world map that Francis put in his library. The exact date of his death is...
Antonio de Leyva
...he commanded Pavia during the siege of the city by Francis I of France, and took part in the Battle of Pavia...
Guillaume Gouffier
...brother of Artus Gouffier, seigneur de Boisy, tutor of Francis I of France, Bonnivet was brought up with Francis,...
Emmanuel Philibert
...duke served in Charles's army during the war against Francis I of France, distinguishing himself by capturing...
Reginald Pole
...Roman Catholic government instead of Henry's; neither Francis I of France nor the Emperor supported this effort,...
Mellin de Saint-Gelais
French poet of the Renaissance and Poet Laureate of Francis I of France. Mellin, who had studied at Bologna and...
Giovanni da Verrazzano
...Italian explorer of North America, in the service of King Francis I of France. He is renowned as the first European...
 Contemporaries
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35
Francis I of France1494, Sep 121515
 
15471547, Mar 31

Patrick Paniter1470 ca1500
 
15171519
 Scottish churchman and principal secretary to James V. Paniter was born around 1470 at the villag...
Aruj Barbarossa1473/741495
 
15181518
 Ottoman Bey (governor) of Algiers and Beylerbey (chief governor) of the West Mediterranean and th...
Diego Velasquez de Cuellar14651490
 
15191524, Jun 12
 a Spanish conquistador. He first visited the New World with the crew of Christopher Columbus' sec...
Selim I1465/66/70, Oct 101512
 
15201520, Sep 22
 the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1512 to 1520. His reign ...
Gavin Douglas1474 ca1496
 
15211522, Sep
 a Scottish bishop, makar and translator. Although he had an important political career, it is for...
Christian II1481, Jul 11513
 
15231559, Jan 25
 a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union. He reigned as King of Denmark and Norway from 1513...
Philip of Burgundy14641498
 
15241524
 Admiral of the Netherlands from 1498 to 1517 and bishop of Utrecht from 1517 to 1524. In the year...
Emperor Go-Kashiwabara 1464, Nov 191500
 
15261526, May 19
 the 104th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from Nov...
Ramathibodi II14731491
 
15291529
 the King of Sukhothai from 1485 and King of Ayutthaya from 1491 to 1529. His reign was marked by ...
Frederick I1471, Oct 71523
 
 
15331533, Apr 10
 the King of Denmark and Norway. His name is also spelled Friedrich in German, Frederik in Danish ...
Borommarachathira IVunknown1529
 
 
15331533
 the short-reigning king of Ayutthaya from 1529 to 1533. Prince Athittayawong was the son of Ramat...
Ratsadathirat1528/291533/34
 
 
1533/341534/35
 the twelfth king of Ayutthaya, an ancient kingdom in Thailand. He was a son of Borommarachathirat...
Olav Engelbrektsson1480 ca1533
 
 
15371538, Feb 7
 the 28th Archbishop of Norway from 1523 to 1537, the Regent of Norway from 1533 to 1537, a member...
Pedro de Alvarado1485 ca1510
 
15411541, Jul 4
 a Spanish conquistador and governor of Guatemala. He participated in the conquest of Cuba, in Jua...
Chairachathiratunknown1534
 
 
15461546
 King of the Ayutthaya kingdom of Siam. His reign was remarkable for the influx of Portuguese trad...
King Henry VIII1491, Jun 281509
 
15471547, Jan 28
  King of England from 1509 until his death and Supreme Head of the Church of England from 1536 to...
John Hubrechtszunknown1530
 
1549unknown
 a sheriff of Amsterdam, later declared a heretic
Pedro de Valdivia1497, Apr 171520
 
15531553, Dec 25
 a Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile. After serving with the Spanish army...
Anne of Cleves1515, Sep 221539
 
15541557, Jul 16
  Queen of England from 6 January to 9 July 1540 as the fourth wife of King Henry VIII. The marri...
Pedro Mascarenhas14701512
 
15551555, Jun 16
 a Portuguese explorer and colonial administrator. He was the first European to discover the islan...
HRE Charles V1500, Feb 241506
 
15561558, Sep 21
 ruler of both the Spanish Empire from 1516 and the Holy Roman Empire from 1519, as well as of the...
Emperor Go-Nara 1495, Jan 261526
 
15571557, Sep 27
 the 105th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from Jun...
Isabella Jagiellon1519, Jan 181530
 
15571559, Sep 15
 the oldest child of Polish King Sigismund I the Old and his Italian wife Bona Sforza. In 1539, sh...
Christian III1503, Aug 121537
 
15591559, Jan 1
 reigned as king of Denmark from 1534 until his death and Norway from 1537 until his death. During...
HRE Ferdinand I1503, Mar 101521
 
15641564, Jul 25
  Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 15...
Turgut Reis14851500
 
15651565, Jun 23
 an Ottoman Greek Admiral and privateer who also served as Bey of Algiers; Beylerbey of the Medite...
Miguel Lopez de Legazpi1502 ca1528
 
15651572, Aug 20
 a Basque Spanish navigator and governor who established the first Spanish settlement in the East ...
Chan Iunknown1516
 
15661566
 one of the most illustrious Cambodian kings (reigned 1516–66) of the post-Angkor era. He succes...
Suleiman I1494, Nov 61520
 
15661566, Sep 7
  the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate, ...
Pedro de la Gasca1485, Jun1542
 
15671567, Nov 13
 a Spanish bishop, diplomat and the second (acting) viceroy of Peru, from April 10, 1547 to Januar...
Sunan Gunungjati14481479
 
15681568, Sep 19
  one of the Wali Songo, or nine saints of Islam revered in Indonesia. He founded the Sultanate of...
Lamoral of Egmont1522, Nov 181542
 
15681568, Jun 5
 a general and statesman in the Spanish Netherlands just before the start of the Eighty Years' War...
Takanobu Matsura15291540
 
15691599, Apr 1
 a 16th-century Japanese samurai and 25th hereditary lord of the Matsura clan of Hirado. He was on...
King Philip II1527, May 211540
 
15981598, Sep 13
  King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples a...
Opchanacanough1554 ca1500
 
16091646
 a tribal chief of the Powhatan Confederacy of what is now Virginia in the United States, and its ...
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