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17761820s1831
a native of Braunschweig, a northern German, who came to America early in the 1820's seeking fortune and returned, nearly penniless, a few years later. In the interim he sampled life in rural Berks County as a teacher in the school of Zion Moselem Lutheran Church and in the home of a well-to-do citizen nearby. Gudehus's account of his visit, which was published in 1829 and is completely translated below is a highly useful record of 19th century school life and of patterns of folk living at the same time
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Heinrich Jonas Gudehus17761820
 
18291831

Joaquim Machado de Castro1731, Jun 191770
 
18221822, Nov 17
 one of Portugal's foremost sculptors, and a celebrated figure throughout Europe in the eighteenth...
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre1749, Sep 191788
 
18221822, Aug 19
 a French mathematician and astronomer. He was also director of the Paris Observatory, and author ...
Frodsham Hodson1770, Jun 71791
 
18221822, Jan 18
 an English churchman and academic, the Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford from 1809. He edite...
Percy Bysshe Shelley1792, Aug 41810
 
18221822, Jul 8
 one of the major English Romantic poets, and is regarded by some as among the finest lyric, as we...
Thomas Jefferson1743, Apr 21767
 
18241826, Jul 4
 an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and ...
George Gordon Byron1788, Jan 221805
 
18241824, Apr 19
 an English poet and a leading figure in the Romantic movement. Among Byron's best-known works are...
William Hull1753, Jun 241775
 
18251825, Nov 29
 an American soldier and politician. He fought in the American Revolution and was appointed as Gov...
Franz Xaver von Zach1754, Jun 41780
 
18271832, Sep 2
 a Hungarian astronomer born in Pest, Hungary. Zach published Tables of the Sun (Gotha, 1792; new ...
William Maclure1763, Oct 271782
 
18271840, Mar 23
 an Americanized Scottish geologist, cartographer and philanthropist. He is known as the 'father o...
Luigi Romanelli1751, Jul 211785
 
18281839, Mar 1
 an Italian opera librettist. Romanelli was born in Rome. He wrote tens of librettos, most of them...
Sir Humphry Davy1778, Dec 171795
 
18291829, May 29
 a Cornish chemist and inventor, who is best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkal...
Thomas Boys17921820
 
18291880
 an Anglican priest and theologian. Boys was a prolific writer. In 1825 he published a key to the ...
William Dimond1750 ca1800
 
18301837 ca
 a playwright, the eldest surviving son of William Wyatt Dimond (c. 1750-1812), actor and theatric...
Elizabeth Beverleyunknown1815
 
1830unknown
 a travelling English entertainer and pamphleteer. One of Beverley's works, Modern Times (1818) wa...
Richard Allen [2]1760, Feb 141777
 
18311831, Mar 26
 a minister, educator, writer, and one of America's most active and influential black leaders. In ...
Marianne Ehrenstrom1773, Dec 91790
 
18311867, Jan 4
 a Swedish writer, singer, painter, pianist, culture personality, memorialist, principal and lady-...
John Watkins [2]unknown1792
 
1831unknown
 an English miscellaneous writer, known as a biographer. He is most famous for being the author of...
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel1770, Aug 271793
 
18311831, Nov 14
 a German philosopher and an important figure of German Idealism. He achieved wide renown in his d...
Sir Walter Scott1771, Aug 151796
 
18311832, Sep 21
  a Scottish historical novelist, playwright and poet with many contemporary readers in Europe, Au...
Jean-Francois Champollion1790, Dec 231806
 
18311832, Mar 4
 a French scholar, philologist and orientalist, known primarily as the decipherer of the Egyptian ...
Nat Turner1800, Oct 21822
 
18311831, Nov 11
 an African-American slave who led a slave rebellion of slaves and free blacks in Southampton Coun...
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe1749, Aug 281770
 
18321832, Mar 22
 a German writer and statesman. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a varie...
Emily Clarkunknown1798
 
1833unknown
 an English novelist of the 18th century. There is very little information available about the det...
Charles Lamb1775, Feb 101798
 
18331834, Dec 27
 an English writer and essayist, best known for his Essays of Elia and for the children's book Tal...
Thomas Allen [3]18031827
 
18331833
 an English topographer. In 1827 Allen published a quarto volume, The History and Antiquities of t...
Samuel Taylor Coleridge1772, Oct 211792
 
18341834, Jul 25
 an English poet, literary critic and philosopher who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a f...
William Wirt1772, Nov 81792
 
18341834, Feb 18
 an American author and statesman who is credited with turning the position of United States Attor...
James Hogg17701797
 
18351835, Nov 21
 a Scottish poet, novelist and essayist who wrote in both Scots and English. As a young man he wor...
Thomas Edwards [5]17751805
 
18351845, Oct 20
 a British legal writer. Edwards studied at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, where he proceeded LL.B. in 1...
Mrs Markham1780, Aug 31823
 
18371837, Jan 24
 an English writer. The best known of her books was A History of England from the First Invasion b...
Christian Heinrich Nebbien17781783
 
18391841
  a German-born landscaping architect, mainly active in Austria. He also wrote a book on the metho...
Solomon Southwick1773, Dec 251792
 
18391839, Nov 18
 a New York newspaper publisher and political figure who was a principal organizer of the Anti-Mas...
Marta Helena Reenstierna1753, Sep 161793
 
18391841, Jan 12
 a Swedish diary writer. Her diaries were written in the period 1793–1839, and are kept at the a...
Charles Follen1796, Sep 61818
 
18391840, Jan 13
 a German poet and patriot, who later moved to the United States and became the first professor of...
Joseph Antoine Cerviniunknown1820
 
1839unknown
 an author who provided the text for a book titled Voyage Pittoresque dans les Pyrénées Françai...
Huang Juezi17931823
 
18391853
 a Chinese Qing dynasty scholar and civil servant and a fervent opponent of the opium trade. His 1...
Joel Root17701802
 
18401847
 the author of a journal of his voyage around the world (1802–1806) while working as supercargo ...
Francis Scott Key1779, Aug 11805
 
18401843, Jan 11
 an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet from Frederick, Maryland and later Georgetown, D.C.,...
Asher Benjamin1773, Jun 151794
 
18411845, Jul 26
 an American architect and author whose work transitioned between Federal style architecture and t...
Washington Allston1779, Nov 51801
 
18411843, Jul 9
 an American painter and poet, born in Waccamaw Parish, South Carolina. Allston pioneered America'...
Noah Webster1758, Oct 161781
 
18431843, May 28
 an American lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English-language spelling reformer, political writer...
Yevgeny Baratynsky1800, Feb 191820
 
18441844, Jul 11
 A poet, lauded by Alexander Pushkin as the finest Russian elegiac poet. A member of the noble Bar...
Joseph Smith1805, Dec 231827
 
18441844, Jun 27
 an American religious leader and founder of Mormonism and the Latter Day Saint movement. When he ...
Thomas S. Hinde1785, Apr 191801
 
18451846, Feb 9
 an American newspaper editor, opponent of slavery, author, historian, real estate investor, Metho...
Joseph Story1779, Sep 181801
 
18451845, Sep 10
 an American lawyer and jurist who served on the Supreme Court of the United States from 1811 to 1...
Thomas Moore1779, May 281795
 
18461852, Feb 25
 an Irish poet, singer, songwriter, and entertainer, now best remembered for the lyrics of The Min...
Erik Gustaf Geijer1783, Jan 121803
 
18461847, Apr 23
 a Swedish writer, historian, poet, philosopher, and composer. His writings served to promote Swed...
Edouard Alletz17981822
 
18461850
 a French diplomat who wrote a large variety of poems, history, and essays between the years of 18...
Robert Montgomery Bird1806, Feb 51827
 
18471854, Jan 23
 an American novelist, playwright, and physician. In 1828, Bird's play Pelopidas won a $1000 prize...
Christianus Petrus Eliza Robide van der Aa1791, Oct 71811
 
18481851, May 14
 a Dutch jurist and author. In the Volksbode, which he edited and almost singlehandedly wrote from...
Wilhelm Freiherr von Biela1782, Mar 191802
 
18491856, Feb 18
 a German-Austrian military officer and amateur astronomer. In the field of astronomy, he speciali...
Leo von Klenze1784, Feb 291808
 
18491864, Jan 26
 a German neoclassicist architect, painter and writer. Court architect of Bavarian King Ludwig I, ...
William Miller1782, Feb 151809
 
18491849, Dec 20
 an American Baptist preacher who is credited with beginning the mid-19th century North American r...
Edgar Allan Poe1809, Jan 191827
 
18491849, Oct 7
 an American writer, editor, and literary critic. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stori...
Mary Shelley1797, Aug 301810
 
18501851, Feb 1
 an English novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer, best...
Frederic Bastiat1801, Jun 301818
 
18501850, Dec 24
 a French classical liberal theorist, political economist, Freemason, and member of the French Nat...
Edward Boys17491796
 
18511866
 an English sea captain. In 1803, Boys, when in charge of a prize, was made prisoner by the French...
Sylvester Graham1794, Jul 51828
 
18511851, Sep 11
 a 19th-century Presbyterian minister, was an American dietary reformer, best known for his emphas...
Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen1778, Sep 91796
 
18521852, Jan 13
 a Baltic-German officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, cartographer and explorer, ultimately rose ...
Francois Arago1786, Feb 261804
 
18521853, Oct 2
 a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politici...
Thomas Chilton1798, Jul 301819
 
18541854, Aug 15
 a U.S. Representative from Kentucky, a prominent Baptist clergyman, and the ghost writer of Davy ...
Leigh Hunt1784, Oct 191801
 
18551859, Aug 28
 an English critic, essayist, poet, and writer. In 1816 he made a mark in English literature with ...
Thomas Bailey1785, Jul 311820
 
18561856, Oct 23
 an English topographer and miscellaneous writer. In 1845-6 he became proprietor and editor of the...
Robert Owen1771, May 141792
 
18571858, Nov 17
 a Welsh social reformer and one of the founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement...
Rebecca Hammond Lard1772, Mar 71786
 
18591855, Sep 28
 called by some critics "the first poet in Indiana". Her poetry reflects on the lives of the early...
Charles Hamilton Smith1776, Dec 261787
 
18591859, Sep 21
 an English artist, naturalist, antiquary, illustrator, soldier, and spy. His military career bega...
Pierre Adolphe Piorry1794, Dec 311816
 
18591879, May 29
 a French physician born in Poitiers. He invented pleximetry (a method for the investigation of in...
Thomas Babington Macaulay1800, Oct 251825
 
18591859, Dec 28
 a British historian and Whig politician. He wrote extensively as an essayist and reviewer; his bo...
Lewis Cass1782, Oct 91806
 
18601866, Jun 17
 an American military officer, politician, and statesman. He represented Michigan in the United St...
Taras Shevchenko1814, Mar 91822
 
18611861, Mar 10
 a Ukrainian poet, writer, artist, public and political figure, as well as folklorist and ethnogra...
Andrew Bellunknown1827
 
1863unknown
 a Scottish-born Canadian journalist. He was well educated. His work and life is well known in the...
Hans Christian Andersen1805, Apr 21822
 
18641875, Aug 4
 a Danish author. Although a prolific writer of plays, travelogues, novels, and poems, Andersen is...
Elizabeth Caroline Grey17981820
 
18671869
 a prolific English author of over 30 romance novels, silver fork novels, Gothic novels, sensation...
Antoine-Henri Jomini1779, Mar 61798
 
18691869, Mar 24
 a Swiss officer who served as a general in the French and later in the Russian service, and one o...
John P. Kennedy1795, Oct 251819
 
18701870, Aug 18
 an American novelist and Whig politician who served as United States Secretary of the Navy from J...
Charles Darwin1809, Feb 121827
 
18721882, Apr 19
 an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution...
Anyos Jedlik1800, Jan 111817
 
18731895, Dec 13
 a Hungarian inventor, engineer, physicist, and Benedictine priest. He was also a member of the Hu...
Edward Bulwer-Lytton1803, May 251825
 
18731873, Jan 18
 an English novelist, poet, playwright, and politician. He was immensely popular with the reading ...
William Cullen Bryant1794, Nov 31815
 
18741878, Jun 12
 American romantic poet, journalist and long-time editor of the New York Evening Post. "Thanatopsi...
Pyotr Vyazemsky1792, Jul 231813
 
18771878, Nov 22
 a leading personality of the Golden Age of Russian poetry. In the 1820s Vyazemsky was the most co...
Thomas Carlyle1795, Dec 41821
 
18781881, Feb 5
 a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, historian and teacher. Considered one of the ...
Fernan Caballero1796, Dec 241821
 
18791877, Apr 7
 the pseudonym adopted from the name of a village in the province of Ciudad Real by the Spanish no...
Jacob Abbott1803, Nov 141825
 
18791879, Oct 31
 an American writer of children's books. He was a prolific author, writing juvenile fiction, brief...
Benjamin Disraeli1804, Dec 211826
 
18801881, Apr 19
 a British politician and writer, who twice served as Prime Minister. He played a central role in ...
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow1807, Feb 271824
 
18821882, Mar 24
 an American poet and educator whose works include "Paul Revere's Ride", The Song of Hiawatha, and...
Amos Bronson Alcott17991823
 
18841888
 an American teacher, writer, philosopher, and reformer. As an educator, Alcott pioneered new ways...
Sarah T. Bolton1814, Dec 81828
 
18861893, Aug 5
 an American poet and activist. She has been called Indiana's "pioneer poet" and is best known for...
Alfred, Lord Tennyson18091827
 
18911892
  Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains on...
John Greenleaf Whittier1807, Dec 171826
 
18921892, Sep 7
 an American Quaker poet and advocate of the abolition of slavery in the United States. Frequently...
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