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14731491-15291529
the King of Sukhothai from 1485 and King of Ayutthaya from 1491 to 1529. His reign was marked by the first Western Contact with the Portuguese. In 1500, Ramathibodi II sent the Siamese armies to subjugate the Sultanate of Malacca. Though unable to conquer Malacca, Siam managed to exact tributes from the Malacca sultanate and other sultanates like Pattani, Pahang, and Kelantan. In 1511, however, Malacca fell to the Portuguese under Afonso de Albuquerque. Albuquerque's embassy, under the leadership of Duarte Fernandes, arrived in Siam in 1518. These were the first Europeans in Siam.
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Ramathibodi II14731491
 
15291529

HRE Frederick III1415, Sep 211457
 
14931493, Aug 19
  Holy Roman Emperor from 1452 until his death, the first emperor of the House of Habsburg. He was...
HRE Maximilian I1459, Mar 221490
 
14931519, Jan 12
  King of the Romans (also known as King of the Germans) from 1486 and Holy Roman Emperor from 149...
Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado 1442, Jul 31464
 
15001500, Oct 21
 the 103rd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned t...
Henry VII1457, Jan 281485
 
15091509, Apr 21
  King of England from seizing the crown on 22 August 1485 until his death on 21 April 1509, and t...
John I1455, Feb 21483
 
15131513, Feb 20
 a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union. He was King of Denmark (1481–1513), Norway (1483...
King James IV1473, Mar 171488
 
15131513, Sep 9
 the King of Scots from 11 June 1488 to his death. He assumed the throne following the death of hi...
Afonso de Albuquerque1453 ca1471
 
15151515, Dec 16
 a Portuguese general, a "great conqueror," a statesman, and an empire builder. He is generally co...
King Louis XII1462, Jun 271498
 
 
15151515, Jan 1
 a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1498 to 1515 and King of Naples...
Patrick Paniter1470 ca1500
 
 
15171519
 Scottish churchman and principal secretary to James V. Paniter was born around 1470 at the villag...
Aruj Barbarossa1473/741495
 
 
15181518
 Ottoman Bey (governor) of Algiers and Beylerbey (chief governor) of the West Mediterranean and th...
Diego Velasquez de Cuellar14651490
 
15191524, Jun 12
 a Spanish conquistador. He first visited the New World with the crew of Christopher Columbus' sec...
Selim I1465/66/70, Oct 101512
 
 
15201520, Sep 22
 the Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate from 1512 to 1520. His reign ...
Gavin Douglas1474 ca1496
 
 
15211522, Sep
 a Scottish bishop, makar and translator. Although he had an important political career, it is for...
Christian II1481, Jul 11513
 
 
15231559, Jan 25
 a Scandinavian monarch under the Kalmar Union. He reigned as King of Denmark and Norway from 1513...
Philip of Burgundy14641498
 
 
15241524
 Admiral of the Netherlands from 1498 to 1517 and bishop of Utrecht from 1517 to 1524. In the year...
Emperor Go-Kashiwabara 1464, Nov 191500
 
 
15261526, May 19
 the 104th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from Nov...
Frederick I1471, Oct 71523
 
15331533, Apr 10
 the King of Denmark and Norway. His name is also spelled Friedrich in German, Frederik in Danish ...
Pedro de Alvarado1485 ca1510
 
15411541, Jul 4
 a Spanish conquistador and governor of Guatemala. He participated in the conquest of Cuba, in Jua...
King Henry VIII1491, Jun 281509
 
15471547, Jan 28
  King of England from 1509 until his death and Supreme Head of the Church of England from 1536 to...
Francis I of France1494, Sep 121515
 
15471547, Mar 31
  the first King of France from the Angoulême branch of the House of Valois, reigning from 1515 u...
Pedro de Valdivia1497, Apr 171520
 
15531553, Dec 25
 a Spanish conquistador and the first royal governor of Chile. After serving with the Spanish army...
Pedro Mascarenhas14701512
 
15551555, Jun 16
 a Portuguese explorer and colonial administrator. He was the first European to discover the islan...
HRE Charles V1500, Feb 241506
 
15561558, Sep 21
 ruler of both the Spanish Empire from 1516 and the Holy Roman Empire from 1519, as well as of the...
Emperor Go-Nara 1495, Jan 261526
 
15571557, Sep 27
 the 105th Emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from Jun...
HRE Ferdinand I1503, Mar 101521
 
15641564, Jul 25
  Holy Roman Emperor from 1558, king of Bohemia and Hungary from 1526, and king of Croatia from 15...
Turgut Reis14851500
 
15651565, Jun 23
 an Ottoman Greek Admiral and privateer who also served as Bey of Algiers; Beylerbey of the Medite...
Miguel Lopez de Legazpi1502 ca1528
 
15651572, Aug 20
 a Basque Spanish navigator and governor who established the first Spanish settlement in the East ...
Chan Iunknown1516
 
15661566
 one of the most illustrious Cambodian kings (reigned 1516–66) of the post-Angkor era. He succes...
Suleiman I1494, Nov 61520
 
15661566, Sep 7
  the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan and Caliph (Sunni Islam) of the Ottoman Empire/Caliphate, ...
Sunan Gunungjati14481479
 
15681568, Sep 19
  one of the Wali Songo, or nine saints of Islam revered in Indonesia. He founded the Sultanate of...
Opchanacanough1554 ca1500
 
16091646
 a tribal chief of the Powhatan Confederacy of what is now Virginia in the United States, and its ...
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