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1778, Dec 171795-18291829, May 29
a Cornish chemist and inventor, who is best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkali and alkaline earth metals, as well as contributions to the discoveries of the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine. He also studied the forces involved in these separations, inventing the new field of electrochemistry. In 1799 Davy experimented with nitrous oxide and became astonished that it made him laugh, so he nicknamed it "laughing gas.", and wrote about its potential anaesthetic properties in relieving pain during surgery. Berzelius called Davy's 1806 Bakerian Lecture On Some Chemical Agencies of Electricity "one of the best memoirs which has ever enriched the theory of chemistry." He was a Baronet, President of the Royal Society (PRS), Member of the Royal Irish Academy (MRIA), and Fellow of the Geological Society (FGS). He also inventer the Davy miner's lamp.
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10/31/1815-Sir Humphrey Davy of London patents miner's safety lamp 
 Mentions (3)
Crawford Long
...physiological effects with diethyl ether ("ether") that Humphry Davy had described for nitrous oxide in 1800, Long...
Hans Christian Orsted
...previously been developed by British scientist and inventor Humphry Davy, Ørsted was the first to isolate the element...
Carl Wilhelm Scheele
...molybdenum, tungsten, barium, hydrogen, and chlorine before Humphry Davy, among others. Scheele discovered organic...
 Contemporaries
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Sir Humphry Davy1778, Dec 171795
 
18291829, May 29

Sir William Chambers1723, Feb 231740
 
17961796, Mar 10
 a Scottish-Swedish architect, based in London. Among his best-known works are Somerset House, Lon...
Horace Walpole1717, Sep 241737
 
17971797, Mar 2
 an English art historian, man of letters, antiquarian and Whig politician. He had Strawberry Hill...
Giacomo Casanova1725, Apr 21742
 
17971798, Jun 4
 an Italian adventurer and author from the Republic of Venice. His autobiography, Histoire de ma v...
Benjamin Banneker1731, Nov 91753
 
17971806, Oct 9
 a free African American almanac author, surveyor, naturalist and farmer. His knowledge of astrono...
Martha Mearsunknown1797
 
 
1797unknown
 an eighteenth-century midwife and author. Mears was a midwife, mother, and author in London, Engl...
Margaretta Faugeres1771, Oct 111790
 
17981801, Jan 9
 She was an American playwright, poet and political activist. She was committed to establishing he...
Ashley Bowen1728, Jan 81741
 
17991813
 the first American sailor to write an autobiography. Although Bowen's career as a sailor was not ...
John Andreeunknown1780
 
1799unknown
 an English surgeon. Andree published several books, chiefly on surgical subjects. Through not bei...
Mercy Harbisonunknown1790
 
1799unknown
 a young American woman living in the decades immediately following the Revolutionary War, who was...
Elizabeth Graeme Fergusson1737, Feb 31764
 
18011801, Feb 23
 an American poet and writer; her main literary project was the translation of Telemachus from the...
John Adams [2]1735, Oct 301797
 
 
18011826, Jul 4
 an American lawyer, author, statesman, and diplomat. He served as the second President of the Uni...
Eliza Bromleyunknown1784
 
1803unknown
 an English novelist and translator. Nothing is really known about the details of her life. Mrs B...
Thomas Paine [2]1736, Jan 291761
 
18041809, Jun 8
 an English-American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary. One of...
Friedrich Schiller1759, Nov 101781
 
18041805, May 9
 a German poet, philosopher, physician, historian, and playwright. During the last seventeen years...
Mercy Otis Warren1728, Sep 141765
 
18051814, Oct 19
 a political writer and propagandist of the American Revolution. In the eighteenth century, topics...
Jacob Bailey1731, Apr 161755
 
18081808, Jul 26
 an author and clergyman of the Church of England, active in New England and Nova Scotia. Bailey w...
Jean-Nicolas Demeunier1751, Mar 151789
 
18081814, Feb 2
 a French author and politician. It was as a member of the Constitutional Committee that Démeunie...
Jorgen Jorgensen1780, Mar 291807
 
 
18081841, Jan 20
 a Danish adventurer during the Age of Revolution. During the Action of 2 March 1808 his ship was ...
Xosefa Xovellanos1745, Jun 41740
 
18091807
 the younger sister of Asturian politician illustrated Gaspar Melchor de Xovellanos and prominent ...
Joseph Quesnel1746, Nov 151766
 
18091809, Jul 2/3
 a French Canadian composer, poet, and playwright. Among his works were two operas, Colas et Colin...
William Batt1744, Jun 181770
 
18091812, Feb 9
 an English physician, chemist, and botanist. On completing his studies he returned to England, bu...
Antal Amade de Varkonyunknown1790
 
1809unknown
 a Hungarian Count and Prefect of Zagreb in Croatia, who established the first public theatre in t...
William Felton [2]unknown1790
 
1809unknown
 a London coachmaker from 36 Leather Lane in Holborn, and 254 Oxford Street near Grosvenor Square,...
Elizabeth Bath1776, Feb 171800
 
 
18091844, Oct 3
 the author of a collection of sixty-six poems published by subscription in 1806 in Bristol. She w...
Jeremiah Learnoult Garrettunknown1800
 
 
1809unknown
 an English dissenting minister. At the age of fourteen or fifteen he had a vision of an "ancient ...
Andrew Grantunknown1800
 
 
1809unknown
 a physician and writer. There is very little information available concerning the details of his ...
Jean-Dominique Cassini1748 Jun 301768
 
18101845, Oct 18
 a French astronomer, he succeeded his father as director of the observatory. He published in 177...
Charles Brockden Brown1771, Jan 171793
 
18101810, Feb 22
 an American novelist, historian, and editor of the Early National period, is generally regarded b...
Thomas Edwards [6]unknown1810
 
 
18101842, Jul 4
 an English clergyman. Edwards was the son of Thomas Edwards. He graduated LL.B. in 1782 from Clar...
Louis Antoine de Bougainville1729, Nov 121753
 
18111811, Aug 31
 a French admiral and explorer. A contemporary of the British explorer James Cook, he took part in...
Paul Revere1734, Dec 211756
 
18111818, May 10
 an American silversmith, engraver, early industrialist, and a Patriot in the American Revolution....
Abijah Adams1754 ca1799
 
 
18111816, Mar 18
 a journalist who frequently found himself involved in controversies. In 1799 he was convicted of ...
John Frank Newton17701811
 
 
18111825
 Helped begin vegetarian movement with The Return to Nature, or a defence of the vegetable regimen...
Joel Barlow1754, Mar 241778
 
18121812, Dec 26
 an American poet and diplomat, and French politician. In politics, he supported the French Revolu...
Shneur Zalman of Liadi1745, Sep 41780
 
18121812, Dec 15
 an Orthodox Rabbi, and the founder and first (Lubavitcher) Rebbe of Chabad (1780–1812), a branc...
Samuel Bard1742, Apr 11765
 
18131821, May 24
 an American physician who founded the first medical school in New York City and the second medica...
Samuel Osgood1747, Feb 31771
 
18131813, Aug 12
 an American merchant and statesman born in Andover, Massachusetts, currently a part of North Ando...
Alexander Cumming17331750
 
18141814, Mar 8
 a Scottish watchmaker and instrument inventor, who was the first to patent a design of the flush ...
David Ramsay1749, Apr 21773
 
18151815, May 8
 an American physician, public official, and historian from Charleston, South Carolina. He was one...
Benjamin Smith Barton1766, Feb 101789
 
18151815, Dec 19
 an American botanist, naturalist, and physician. Barton corresponded with naturalists throughout ...
Xu Song17811802
 
 
18161848
 a Chinese official exiled to Central Asia during the period of the military governorship of Xinji...
Nathan Drake1766, Jan 151780
 
18171836
 an English essayist and physician. Drake was apprenticed to a doctor in York in 1780, and in 1786...
Jane Austen1775, Dec 161787
 
18171817, Jul 18
 an English novelist whose works of romantic fiction, set among the landed gentry, earned her a pl...
Anne Seymour Damer1749, Nov 81784
 
18181828, May 28
 an English sculptor and novelist. During the period 1784–1818, Damer exhibited 32 works as an h...
Jacob Axelsson Lindblom1746, Jul 271779
 
18191819, Feb 15
 a Swedish scholar who eventually became archbishop of Uppsala for the Lutheran Swedish Church, a ...
Mary Ann Hanwayunknown1790
 
1819unknown
 an eighteenth century travel writer and novelist. She has been proposed as the anonymous author o...
Charles Holtunknown1797
 
 
1819unknown
 printer, political provacateur
Caroline Burneyunknown1800
 
 
1819unknown
 the probably pseudonymous author of two early 19th-century three-volume novels published in Londo...
Jonathan Asheunknown1810
 
 
1819unknown
 an Irish masonic write born in Limerick. Very little is known of him except that he commenced and...
Francis Balfourunknown1810
 
 
1819unknown
 a British medical officer and medical author who lived and worked primarily in British India. The...
George Greene1747 ca1810
 
 
1819unknown
 a traveller, land-steward and writer. In 1787 a decree in the court of chancery deprived him of t...
Henry Fuseli1741, Feb 71761
 
18201825, Apr 17
 a Swiss painter, draughtsman and writer on art who spent much of his life in Britain. Many of his...
Moses Hoge1752, Feb 151787
 
18201820, Jul 5
 a Presbyterian minister and educator. He served as the sixth President of Hampden–Sydney Colleg...
John Keats17951814
 
 
18201821
 an English Romantic poet. He was one of the main figures of the second generation of Romantic poe...
Joaquim Machado de Castro1731, Jun 191770
 
18221822, Nov 17
 one of Portugal's foremost sculptors, and a celebrated figure throughout Europe in the eighteenth...
Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre1749, Sep 191788
 
18221822, Aug 19
 a French mathematician and astronomer. He was also director of the Paris Observatory, and author ...
Frodsham Hodson1770, Jun 71791
 
18221822, Jan 18
 an English churchman and academic, the Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford from 1809. He edite...
Percy Bysshe Shelley1792, Aug 41810
 
 
18221822, Jul 8
 one of the major English Romantic poets, and is regarded by some as among the finest lyric, as we...
Thomas Jefferson1743, Apr 21767
 
18241826, Jul 4
 an American Founding Father, the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and ...
Hannah Adams1755, Oct 21784
 
18241831, Dec 15
 an American author of books on comparative religion and early United States history. She was born...
Mary Charltonunknown1794
 
1824unknown
 a novelist and translator who wrote at least ten novels between 1794 and 1824. She also translate...
George Gordon Byron1788, Jan 221805
 
 
18241824, Apr 19
 an English poet and a leading figure in the Romantic movement. Among Byron's best-known works are...
William Hull1753, Jun 241775
 
18251825, Nov 29
 an American soldier and politician. He fought in the American Revolution and was appointed as Gov...
Claude Henri de Rouvroy1760, Oct 171779
 
18251825, May 19
 a French political and economic theorist and businessperson whose thought played a substantial ro...
Pierre-Simon Laplace1749, Mar 231771
 
18271827, Mar 5
 an influential French scholar whose work was important to the development of mathematics, statist...
Franz Xaver von Zach1754, Jun 41780
 
18271832, Sep 2
 a Hungarian astronomer born in Pest, Hungary. Zach published Tables of the Sun (Gotha, 1792; new ...
William Maclure1763, Oct 271782
 
18271840, Mar 23
 an Americanized Scottish geologist, cartographer and philanthropist. He is known as the 'father o...
Luigi Romanelli1751, Jul 211785
 
18281839, Mar 1
 an Italian opera librettist. Romanelli was born in Rome. He wrote tens of librettos, most of them...
Hannah Webster Foster1758, Sep 101770
 
18291840, Apr 17
 an American novelist. Her epistolary novel, The Coquette; or, The History of Eliza Wharton, was p...
Thomas Boys17921820
 
18291880
 an Anglican priest and theologian. Boys was a prolific writer. In 1825 he published a key to the ...
Heinrich Jonas Gudehus17761820
 
18291831
 a native of Braunschweig, a northern German, who came to America early in the 1820's seeking fort...
William Dimond1750 ca1800
 
18301837 ca
 a playwright, the eldest surviving son of William Wyatt Dimond (c. 1750-1812), actor and theatric...
Elizabeth Beverleyunknown1815
 
1830unknown
 a travelling English entertainer and pamphleteer. One of Beverley's works, Modern Times (1818) wa...
Richard Allen [2]1760, Feb 141777
 
18311831, Mar 26
 a minister, educator, writer, and one of America's most active and influential black leaders. In ...
Marianne Ehrenstrom1773, Dec 91790
 
18311867, Jan 4
 a Swedish writer, singer, painter, pianist, culture personality, memorialist, principal and lady-...
John Watkins [2]unknown1792
 
1831unknown
 an English miscellaneous writer, known as a biographer. He is most famous for being the author of...
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel1770, Aug 271793
 
18311831, Nov 14
 a German philosopher and an important figure of German Idealism. He achieved wide renown in his d...
Sir Walter Scott1771, Aug 151796
 
18311832, Sep 21
  a Scottish historical novelist, playwright and poet with many contemporary readers in Europe, Au...
Jean-Francois Champollion1790, Dec 231806
 
18311832, Mar 4
 a French scholar, philologist and orientalist, known primarily as the decipherer of the Egyptian ...
Nat Turner1800, Oct 21822
 
18311831, Nov 11
 an African-American slave who led a slave rebellion of slaves and free blacks in Southampton Coun...
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe1749, Aug 281770
 
18321832, Mar 22
 a German writer and statesman. His body of work includes epic and lyric poetry written in a varie...
Emily Clarkunknown1798
 
1833unknown
 an English novelist of the 18th century. There is very little information available about the det...
Charles Lamb1775, Feb 101798
 
18331834, Dec 27
 an English writer and essayist, best known for his Essays of Elia and for the children's book Tal...
Thomas Allen [3]18031827
 
18331833
 an English topographer. In 1827 Allen published a quarto volume, The History and Antiquities of t...
William Dunlap1766, Feb 191783
 
18341839, Sep 28
 a pioneer of American theater. He was a producer, playwright, and actor, as well as a historian. ...
Samuel Taylor Coleridge1772, Oct 211792
 
18341834, Jul 25
 an English poet, literary critic and philosopher who, with his friend William Wordsworth, was a f...
William Wirt1772, Nov 81792
 
18341834, Feb 18
 an American author and statesman who is credited with turning the position of United States Attor...
James Hogg17701797
 
18351835, Nov 21
 a Scottish poet, novelist and essayist who wrote in both Scots and English. As a young man he wor...
Thomas Edwards [5]17751805
 
18351845, Oct 20
 a British legal writer. Edwards studied at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, where he proceeded LL.B. in 1...
Alexander Pushkin1799, Jun 61814
 
18371837, Feb 10
 a Russian poet, playwright, and novelist of the Romantic era who is considered by many to be the ...
Mrs Markham1780, Aug 31823
 
18371837, Jan 24
 an English writer. The best known of her books was A History of England from the First Invasion b...
Georg Buchner1813, Oct 171828
 
18371837, Feb 19
 a German dramatist and writer of poetry and prose, considered part of the Young Germany movement....
Christian Heinrich Nebbien17781783
 
18391841
  a German-born landscaping architect, mainly active in Austria. He also wrote a book on the metho...
Solomon Southwick1773, Dec 251792
 
18391839, Nov 18
 a New York newspaper publisher and political figure who was a principal organizer of the Anti-Mas...
Marta Helena Reenstierna1753, Sep 161793
 
18391841, Jan 12
 a Swedish diary writer. Her diaries were written in the period 1793–1839, and are kept at the a...
Charles Follen1796, Sep 61818
 
18391840, Jan 13
 a German poet and patriot, who later moved to the United States and became the first professor of...
Joseph Antoine Cerviniunknown1820
 
1839unknown
 an author who provided the text for a book titled Voyage Pittoresque dans les Pyrénées Françai...
Huang Juezi17931823
 
18391853
 a Chinese Qing dynasty scholar and civil servant and a fervent opponent of the opium trade. His 1...
Joel Root17701802
 
18401847
 the author of a journal of his voyage around the world (1802–1806) while working as supercargo ...
Francis Scott Key1779, Aug 11805
 
18401843, Jan 11
 an American lawyer, author, and amateur poet from Frederick, Maryland and later Georgetown, D.C.,...
Edmund Fanning [2]1769, Jul 161773
 
18411841, Apr 23
 an American explorer and sea captain, known as the "Pathfinder of the Pacific." As master of the ...
Asher Benjamin1773, Jun 151794
 
18411845, Jul 26
 an American architect and author whose work transitioned between Federal style architecture and t...
Washington Allston1779, Nov 51801
 
18411843, Jul 9
 an American painter and poet, born in Waccamaw Parish, South Carolina. Allston pioneered America'...
Noah Webster1758, Oct 161781
 
18431843, May 28
 an American lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English-language spelling reformer, political writer...
Yevgeny Baratynsky1800, Feb 191820
 
18441844, Jul 11
 A poet, lauded by Alexander Pushkin as the finest Russian elegiac poet. A member of the noble Bar...
Joseph Smith1805, Dec 231827
 
18441844, Jun 27
 an American religious leader and founder of Mormonism and the Latter Day Saint movement. When he ...
Thomas S. Hinde1785, Apr 191801
 
18451846, Feb 9
 an American newspaper editor, opponent of slavery, author, historian, real estate investor, Metho...
Joseph Story1779, Sep 181801
 
18451845, Sep 10
 an American lawyer and jurist who served on the Supreme Court of the United States from 1811 to 1...
Thomas Moore1779, May 281795
 
18461852, Feb 25
 an Irish poet, singer, songwriter, and entertainer, now best remembered for the lyrics of The Min...
Erik Gustaf Geijer1783, Jan 121803
 
18461847, Apr 23
 a Swedish writer, historian, poet, philosopher, and composer. His writings served to promote Swed...
Edouard Alletz17981822
 
18461850
 a French diplomat who wrote a large variety of poems, history, and essays between the years of 18...
William Wordsworth1770, Apr 71787
 
18471850, Apr 23
 a major English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Ag...
Robert Montgomery Bird1806, Feb 51827
 
18471854, Jan 23
 an American novelist, playwright, and physician. In 1828, Bird's play Pelopidas won a $1000 prize...
Christianus Petrus Eliza Robide van der Aa1791, Oct 71811
 
18481851, May 14
 a Dutch jurist and author. In the Volksbode, which he edited and almost singlehandedly wrote from...
Nikolai Gogol1809, Mar 191828
 
18481852, Feb 21
 a Russian dramatist of Ukrainian origin. Although Gogol was considered by his contemporaries one ...
Wilhelm Freiherr von Biela1782, Mar 191802
 
18491856, Feb 18
 a German-Austrian military officer and amateur astronomer. In the field of astronomy, he speciali...
Leo von Klenze1784, Feb 291808
 
18491864, Jan 26
 a German neoclassicist architect, painter and writer. Court architect of Bavarian King Ludwig I, ...
William Miller1782, Feb 151809
 
18491849, Dec 20
 an American Baptist preacher who is credited with beginning the mid-19th century North American r...
Edgar Allan Poe1809, Jan 191827
 
18491849, Oct 7
 an American writer, editor, and literary critic. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stori...
Mary Shelley1797, Aug 301810
 
18501851, Feb 1
 an English novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, biographer, and travel writer, best...
Richard Garnett1789, Jul 251811
 
18501850, Sep 27
 an English philologist (historical linguist), author and librarian at the British Museum. Garnett...
Frederic Bastiat1801, Jun 301818
 
18501850, Dec 24
 a French classical liberal theorist, political economist, Freemason, and member of the French Nat...
Edward Boys17491796
 
18511866
 an English sea captain. In 1803, Boys, when in charge of a prize, was made prisoner by the French...
Lorenz Oken1779, Aug 11802
 
18511851, Aug 11
 a German naturalist, botanist, biologist, and ornithologist. Oken was born Lorenz Okenfuss (Germa...
Sylvester Graham1794, Jul 51828
 
18511851, Sep 11
 a 19th-century Presbyterian minister, was an American dietary reformer, best known for his emphas...
Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen1778, Sep 91796
 
18521852, Jan 13
 a Baltic-German officer in the Imperial Russian Navy, cartographer and explorer, ultimately rose ...
Francois Arago1786, Feb 261804
 
18521853, Oct 2
 a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politici...
Eliza Lanesford Cushing1794, Oct 191820
 
18521886, May 4
 an American-Canadian dramatist, short story writer, and editor. The daughter of Hannah Webster Fo...
Thomas De Quincey1785, Aug 151802
 
18531859, Dec 8
 an English essayist, best known for his Confessions of an English Opium-Eater (1821). Many schola...
Almeida Garrett1799, Feb 41818
 
18541854, Dec 9
 a Portuguese poet, playwright, novelist and politician. He is considered to be the introducer of ...
Thomas Chilton1798, Jul 301819
 
18541854, Aug 15
 a U.S. Representative from Kentucky, a prominent Baptist clergyman, and the ghost writer of Davy ...
Daniel Florence O'Leary18011820
 
18541854
 a military general and aide-de-camp under Simon Bolivar. He was born in Cork, Ireland; his father...
Leigh Hunt1784, Oct 191801
 
18551859, Aug 28
 an English critic, essayist, poet, and writer. In 1816 he made a mark in English literature with ...
Gerard de Nerval1808, May 221824
 
18551855, Jan 26
 the nom-de-plume of the French writer, poet, essayist and translator Gérard Labrunie. A major fi...
Thomas Bailey1785, Jul 311820
 
18561856, Oct 23
 an English topographer and miscellaneous writer. In 1845-6 he became proprietor and editor of the...
Robert Owen1771, May 141792
 
18571858, Nov 17
 a Welsh social reformer and one of the founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement...
Delia Bacon1811, Feb 21825
 
18571859, Sep 2
 an American writer of plays and short stories and a sister of the Congregational minister Leonard...
Sergey Aksakov1791, Sep 201812
 
18581859, Apr 30
 a 19th-century Russian literary figure remembered for his semi-autobiographical tales of family l...
Rebecca Hammond Lard1772, Mar 71786
 
18591855, Sep 28
 called by some critics "the first poet in Indiana". Her poetry reflects on the lives of the early...
Charles Hamilton Smith1776, Dec 261787
 
18591859, Sep 21
 an English artist, naturalist, antiquary, illustrator, soldier, and spy. His military career bega...
Pierre Adolphe Piorry1794, Dec 311816
 
18591879, May 29
 a French physician born in Poitiers. He invented pleximetry (a method for the investigation of in...
Thomas Babington Macaulay1800, Oct 251825
 
18591859, Dec 28
 a British historian and Whig politician. He wrote extensively as an essayist and reviewer; his bo...
Lewis Cass1782, Oct 91806
 
18601866, Jun 17
 an American military officer, politician, and statesman. He represented Michigan in the United St...
Franz Grillparzer1791, Jan 151811
 
18611872, Jan 21
 an Austrian writer who is chiefly known for his dramas. He also wrote the oration for Ludwig van ...
Taras Shevchenko1814, Mar 91822
 
18611861, Mar 10
 a Ukrainian poet, writer, artist, public and political figure, as well as folklorist and ethnogra...
James H. Ward1806, Sep 251823
 
18611861, Jun 27
 the first officer of the United States Navy killed during the American Civil War. He taught cours...
George Washington Bethune1805, Mar 181827
 
18621862, Apr 28
 a preacher-pastor in the Dutch Reformed Church. He was an outspoken Democrat in politics, opposed...
Andrew Bellunknown1827
 
1863unknown
 a Scottish-born Canadian journalist. He was well educated. His work and life is well known in the...
Hans Christian Andersen1805, Apr 21822
 
18641875, Aug 4
 a Danish author. Although a prolific writer of plays, travelogues, novels, and poems, Andersen is...
Edward Everett1794, Apr 111813
 
18651865, Jan 15
 an American politician, pastor, educator, diplomat, and orator from Massachusetts. Everett, a Whi...
William Gilmore Simms1806, Apr 171825
 
18661870, Jun 11
 a poet, novelist and historian from the American South. His writings achieved great prominence du...
Elizabeth Caroline Grey17981820
 
18671869
 a prolific English author of over 30 romance novels, silver fork novels, Gothic novels, sensation...
Antoine-Henri Jomini1779, Mar 61798
 
18691869, Mar 24
 a Swiss officer who served as a general in the French and later in the Russian service, and one o...
John P. Kennedy1795, Oct 251819
 
18701870, Aug 18
 an American novelist and Whig politician who served as United States Secretary of the Navy from J...
Mary Fairfax Somerville1780, Dec 261811
 
18721872, Nov 29
 a Scottish science writer and polymath, at a time when women's participation in science was disco...
Charles Darwin1809, Feb 121827
 
18721882, Apr 19
 an English naturalist and geologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution...
Anyos Jedlik1800, Jan 111817
 
18731895, Dec 13
 a Hungarian inventor, engineer, physicist, and Benedictine priest. He was also a member of the Hu...
Edward Bulwer-Lytton1803, May 251825
 
18731873, Jan 18
 an English novelist, poet, playwright, and politician. He was immensely popular with the reading ...
William Cullen Bryant1794, Nov 31815
 
18741878, Jun 12
 American romantic poet, journalist and long-time editor of the New York Evening Post. "Thanatopsi...
Pyotr Vyazemsky1792, Jul 231813
 
18771878, Nov 22
 a leading personality of the Golden Age of Russian poetry. In the 1820s Vyazemsky was the most co...
Thomas Carlyle1795, Dec 41821
 
18781881, Feb 5
 a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, historian and teacher. Considered one of the ...
Zachariah Allen1795, Sep 151815
 
18791882, Mar 17
 an American textile manufacturer, scientist, lawyer, writer, inventor and civil leader from Provi...
Fernan Caballero1796, Dec 241821
 
18791877, Apr 7
 the pseudonym adopted from the name of a village in the province of Ciudad Real by the Spanish no...
Jacob Abbott1803, Nov 141825
 
18791879, Oct 31
 an American writer of children's books. He was a prolific author, writing juvenile fiction, brief...
Benjamin Disraeli1804, Dec 211826
 
18801881, Apr 19
 a British politician and writer, who twice served as Prime Minister. He played a central role in ...
Leonard Bacon1802, Feb 191825
 
18811881, Dec 24
 an American Congregational preacher and writer. He held the pulpit of the First Church New Haven ...
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow1807, Feb 271824
 
18821882, Mar 24
 an American poet and educator whose works include Paul Revere's Ride, The Song of Hiawatha, and E...
Amos Bronson Alcott17991823
 
18841888
 an American teacher, writer, philosopher, and reformer. As an educator, Alcott pioneered new ways...
Sarah T. Bolton1814, Dec 81828
 
18861893, Aug 5
 an American poet and activist. She has been called Indiana's "pioneer poet" and is best known for...
Theodore Sedgwick Fay1807, Feb 101828
 
18891898, Nov 17
 a writer from the United States who spent much of his life in Germany. Fay initially worked as a ...
Alfred, Lord Tennyson18091827
 
18911892
  Poet Laureate of Great Britain and Ireland during much of Queen Victoria's reign and remains on...
John Greenleaf Whittier1807, Dec 171826
 
18921892, Sep 7
 an American Quaker poet and advocate of the abolition of slavery in the United States. Frequently...
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