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Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

Gorham Dummer Abbott

borndied
1807, Sep 31874, Aug 3
an American clergyman, educator, and author. He was a significant figure in the movement to supply schools with textbooks, libraries, and educational journals.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Jacob Abbott

bornactivedied
1803, Nov 141825-1870s1879, Oct 31
an American writer of children's books. He was a prolific author, writing juvenile fiction, brief histories, biographies, religious books for the general reader, and a few works in popular science. He wrote 180 books and was a coauthor or editor of 31 more.
Links (8)


Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

Henry Cadwallader Adams

borndied
1817, Niv 41899, Oct 17
a 19th-century English cleric, schoolmaster and writer of children's novels, specialising in tales of Victorian Public School life and adventures in far-flung parts of the British Empire.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Jacob Georg Christian Adler

borndied
1756, Dec 81834, Aug 22
a German Generalsuperintendent for Holstein and Schleswig, Orientalist, Syriac language professor at the University of Copenhagen, Lutheran theologian, Oberkonsistorialrat, book writer, religious educator, coin collector and head of the Schleswig-Holsteinische Bibelgesellschaft.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

Henry Airay

borndied
15601616, Oct 6
an Anglican priest, theologian, and academic. His Commentary on the Epistle to the Philippians (1618, reprinted 1864) is a specimen of his preaching before his college, and of his fiery denunciation of Roman Catholicism and his fearless enunciation of that Calvinism which Oxford in common with all England then prized. In 1598 he was chosen provost of ...
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Links (6)


Cross-listed in Writers

Crescenzo Alatri

bornactivedied
18251850s1897, Feb 12
an Italian writer; born at Rome. He was educated in the Talmud Torah of his native city, and graduated as rabbi, but never held any office. Alatri was the author of a History of the Jews in Rome, several extracts of which were published in the Educatore Israelita(1856). This work is still extant in manuscript. He is often mentioned as the Itali...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Amos Bronson Alcott

bornactivedied
17991823-18841888
an American teacher, writer, philosopher, and reformer. As an educator, Alcott pioneered new ways of interacting with young students, focusing on a conversational style, and avoided traditional punishment. He hoped to perfect the human spirit and, to that end, advocated a vegan diet before the term was coined. He was also an abolitionist and an advocate for ...
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Links (17)


Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

Richard Allen [2]

bornactivedied
1760, Feb 141777-18311831, Mar 26
a minister, educator, writer, and one of America's most active and influential black leaders. In 1794 he founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME), the first independent black denomination in the United States. He opened his first AME church in 1794 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Elected the first bishop of the AME Church in 1816, Allen focused on...
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Timeline (2)Links (20)


Cross-listed in Writers

Mihaly Bakos

aka: Mihály, Miháo Bakoš, Mihael Bakoš
borndied
1742 ca1803, Apr 9
a Hungarian Slovene Lutheran priest, author, and educator. Between 1784 and 1785, Bakos served as pastor in Križevci (Hungarian Tótkeresztúr), in Prekmurje. He later returned to Somogy, where he served as the dean for Somogy and Zala counties. In 1791, he wrote the Slovene hymnal Krszcsánszke peszmene knige (Christian Hymnal).
Links (1)


Cross-listed in WritersPhysicians

John Banister [1]

borndied
15331610
an English anatomist, surgeon and teacher. He published The Historie of Man, from the most approved Authorities in this Present Age in 1578. He edited Hans Jacob Wecker, with corrections, ‘A Compendious Chyrurgerie gathered and translated (especially) out of Wecker,’ London, 1585. He compiled a collection of remedies and prescriptions, ‘An Antidotarie ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in WritersPhysiciansScientists

William Batt

bornactivedied
1744, Jun 181770-18091812, Feb 9
an English physician, chemist, and botanist. On completing his studies he returned to England, but on account of his health he subsequently removed to Genoa, where he obtained an extensive medical practice, and in 1774 was appointed professor of chemistry in the university. Previous to this the study of chemistry in the university of Genoa had been much negl...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Emil Bauch

borndied
18231874 ca
a German painter, lithographer and teacher who came to reside in the city of Rio de Janeiro. He painted panoramic city scenes and portraits, as well as some views of Recife and Salvador. His landscapes are conspicuous by his close observation of all the details and the intense variety of motifs of his palette.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Composers

William Sterndale Bennett

borndied
1816, Apr 131875, Feb 1
an English composer, pianist, conductor and music educator. Bennett is the most distinguished composer of the early Victorian era. Of a total of some 130 compositions, about a quarter have been recorded for CD.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

François-Joseph Berardier de Bataut

aka: Bérardier de Bataut
borndied
17201794
a French teacher, writer and translator living in the Age of Enlightenment. François-Joseph Bérardier de Bataut is born in Paris in 1720. Having studied theology, he became professor of rhetoric at the Collège du Plessis a part of the University of Paris. He is the author, notably, of a Précis de l'histoire universelle (Treaty of Universal History) which...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Scientists

Daniel Bernoulli

bornactivedied
1700, Jan 291724-17531782, Mar 17
a Swiss mathematician and physicist and was one of the many prominent mathematicians in the Bernoulli family. He is particularly remembered for his applications of mathematics to mechanics, especially fluid mechanics, and for his pioneering work in probability and statistics. His name is commemorated in the Bernoulli's principle, a particular example of the ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Michel Bibaud

borndied
1782, Jan 191857, Aug 3
a Canadian writer and educator in Montreal, Quebec. Bibaud was the founder and editor of La Bibliothèque canadienne with the close assistance of Joseph-Marie Bellenger. His body of work was diverse and large. The historical content has importance to the events of the time. Bibaud is credited with the first book written in verse by a Canadian.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Adam Bohoric

borndied
1520 ca1598, Nov 20+
a Slovene Protestant preacher, teacher and author of the first grammar of Slovene. Bohoric was born in the market town of Reichenburg in the Duchy of Styria (now Brestanica in Slovenia). In 1584, he wrote his most notable work, Articae horulae succisivae (English: Free Winter Hours). The book, written in Latin, was the first grammar of Slovene and the first ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

George Boole

borndied
1815, Nov 21864, Dec 8
an English mathematician, educator, philosopher and logician. He worked in the fields of differential equations and algebraic logic, and is best known as the author of The Laws of Thought (1854) which contains Boolean algebra. Boolean logic is credited with laying the foundations for the information age
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Ivan Born

borndied
1778, Sep 201851, Sep 13
a Russian writer, translator, and educator. n 1803 Born became an instructor, then a senior instructor of the Russian language, at the Petrischule, a prestigious German-language secondary school in St. Petersburg. From 1803 to 1805 he was chairman of the Born Society, which gathered in his apartments in the Petrischule building. He taught there until 1809. I...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Anne Lynch Botta

borndied
1815, Nov 111891, Mar 23
an American poet, writer, teacher and socialite whose home was the central gathering place of the literary elite of her era. In 1841, she compiled and edited "The Rhode Island Book", a collection of poems and verse from the best regional writers of the time, including two poems of her own. She also began to invite these writers to her home for her evening re...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in WritersInventors

Louis Braille

borndied
1809, Jan 41852, Jan 6
a French educator and inventor of a system of reading and writing for use by the blind or visually impaired. His system remains known worldwide simply as braille. Blinded in both eyes as a result of an early childhood accident, Braille mastered his disability while still a boy. He excelled in his education and received scholarship to France's Royal Institute...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in AstronomersScientists

Henry Briggs

borndied
1561, Feb1630, Jan 26
an English mathematician notable for changing the original logarithms invented by John Napier into common (base 10) logarithms, which are sometimes known as Briggsian logarithms in his honour. Briggs was a committed puritan and an influential professor in his time. In 1596, he became first professor of Geometry in the recently founded Gresham College, London...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

George Buchanan

bornactivedied
1506, Feb1529-15821582, Sep 28
a Scottish historian and humanist scholar. According to historian Keith Brown, Buchanan was "the most profound intellectual sixteenth century Scotland produced." His ideology of resistance to royal usurpation gained widespread acceptance during the Scottish Reformation. Brown says the ease with which King James VII was deposed in 1689 shows the power of Buc...
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Links (7)


Cross-listed in Writers

Frederik Moltke Bugge

borndied
1806, Sep 231853, Jul 9
a Norwegian philologist and educator. He had ideas that bore stems of the comprehensive school thought. He was inspired by Grundtvig's idea about educating the masses, and also supported Ivar Aasen's endeavors. However, he also wanted to protect the "learned" schools, which taught classical subjects, from too much influence from natural sciences and modern l...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

William Burton [2]

borndied
16091657
an English schoolmaster and antiquary, best known for his posthumously-published commentary on the Antonine Itinerary. He became a student in Queen's College, Oxford, in 1625; but as he had not sufficient means, Thomas Allen, perceiving his merit, induced him to migrate to Gloucester Hall, and conferred on him a Greek lectureship there. He was a Pauline exhi...
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Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in ComposersAstronomersWriters

Sethus Calvisius

borndied
1556, Feb 211615, Nov 24
a German music theorist, composer, chronologer, astronomer, and teacher of the late Renaissance. He published a book on music, Melodiae condendae ratio (Erfurt, 1592). He composed choral pieces including Unser Leben währet siebzig Jahr. Calvisius was also a significant astronomer: in his Opus Chronologicum (Leipzig, 1605, 7th ed. 1685) ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

Vincenzo Carafa

borndied
1585, May 51649, Jun 6
an Italian Jesuit priest and spiritual writer, elected the seventh Superior-General of the Society of Jesus. He is a Servant of God. Carafa was born in Andria (Italy), of the family of the Counts of Montorio, and a relative of Pope Paul IV. He entered the Society of Jesus on 4 October 1604, and was sixty years of age at his election as general. He died four ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Giosue Carducci

aka: Giosuè
borndied
18351907
an Italian poet and teacher. He was very influential and was regarded as the official national poet of modern Italy. In 1906 he became the first Italian to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1906 "not only in consideration of his deep learning and critical research, but above all as a tribute to the creative energy, freshness of style, and lyrical for...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

John Carroll

borndied
1735, Jan 81815, Dec 3
a prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who served as the first bishop and archbishop in the United States. He served as the ordinary of the Archdiocese of Baltimore, Maryland. Carroll is also known as the founder of Georgetown University (the oldest Catholic university in the United States), and of St. John the Evangelist Parish of Rock Creek (now Forest Gle...
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Timeline (2)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Alexander Stopford Catcott

borndied
16921749
an English churchman from Bristol, and headmaster of Bristol Grammar School from 1722 to 1743 or 1744. He preached in favour of Hutchinsonian ideas. From 1743 to his death in 1749 he was the rector of St Stephen's Church, Bristol. His piety was admired by John Wesley, and he was considered, by a local antiquary, to be "a good poet, profound linguist, well sk...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Composers

Charles Simon Catel

borndied
17731830
a French composer and educator born at L'Aigle, Orne. His works include a "Treatise on Harmony" (1802), several concert band works, several dramatic compositions at the National Opera of Paris: Sémiramis, Les bayadères ; at the Opéra-Comique: Artistes par occasion, l'Auberge de Bagnères (1807) ; Wallace (1817); symphonies, quartets etc.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Philander Chase

bornactivedied
1775, Dec 141843-18521852, Sep 20
an Episcopal Church bishop, educator, and pioneer of the United States western frontier, especially in Ohio and Illinois. Presiding Bishop (1843–1852) for the Episcopal Church (United States).
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

William Benton Clulow

bornactivedied
18021835-18651882, Apr 16
an English dissenting minister, tutor and writer. Clulow was a native of Leek, Staffordshire, and, after receiving a preliminary education in the grammar school there, entered Hoxton Academy. He became pastor of the congregational church at Shaldon, Devonshire, where he stayed for twelve years. In 1835 he accepted an invitation to the classical tutorship of ...
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Links (2)


Cross-listed in Writers

Hartley Coleridge

borndied
1796, Sep 191849, Jan 6
an English poet, biographer, essayist, and teacher. He was the eldest son of the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge. His sister Sara Coleridge was a poet and translator, and his brother Derwent Coleridge was a distinguished scholar and author. He then spent ...
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Links (7)


Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

Ambrose Corbie

aka: Corby, Corbington
borndied
1604, Dec 71649, Apr 11
an English Jesuit, teacher and author. Ambrose Corbie was born near County Durham, England, the fourth son of Gerald Corbie and his wife, Isabella (née Richardson), recusant/exiled Roman Catholics. Of their children, sons Ambrose, Ralph and Robert, became Jesuit priests (Richard died as a student at Saint-Omer) and their two surviving daughters, Mary and Ca...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Maria Cosway

borndied
1760, Jun 111838, Jan 5
an Italian-English artist and educationalist.[clarification needed] She worked in England, in France, and later in Italy, cultivating a large circle of friends and clients. She exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts, and commissioned the first portrait of Napoleon to be seen in England. Her paintings and engravings are held by the British Museum, the British...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyGovernanceCommerce

Elijah Craig

borndied
1740 ca1808, May 8
a Baptist preacher in Virginia, who became an educator and capitalist entrepreneur in the area of Virginia that later became the state of Kentucky. He has sometimes, although rather dubiously, been credited with the invention of bourbon whiskey. Craig became politically active as the legislative liaison of the general convention and general association to Vi...
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Links (1)


Prudence Crandall

borndied
1803, Sep 31890, Jan 28
a schoolteacher raised as a Quaker, stirred controversy with her education of African-American girls in Canterbury, Connecticut. Her private school, opened in the fall of 1831, was boycotted when she admitted a 17-year-old African-American female student in the autumn of 1833, resulting in what is widely regarded as the first integrated classroom in the Unit...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

Richard Crashaw

borndied
1613 ca1649, Aug 21
an English poet, teacher, Anglican cleric and Catholic convert, who was among the major figures associated with the metaphysical poets in seventeenth-century English literature. Crashaw was ordained as a clergyman in the Church of England, but his theology and practice embraced the Catholic heritage of Anglicanism and the High Church ritual reforms enacted b...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Ludvig Kristensen Daa

borndied
1809, Aug 191877, Jun 12
a Norwegian historian, ethnologist, auditor, editor of magazines and newspapers, educator and politician. In 1840–1841 he ran afoul with Henrik Wergeland, who wrote the farces Engelsk Salt and Vinægers Fjeldeventyr (both 1841) about Daa. Daa replied with anonymous attacks in Granskeren, whereas Wergeland was convicted of libel. In 1842 Wergeland released ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Scientists

John Dalton

bornactivedied
1766, Sep 61781-18441844, July 27
an English chemist, physicist, and meteorologist. He is best known for proposing the modern atomic theory, and for his research into colour blindness, sometimes referred to as Daltonism in his honour. Dalton's family too poor to support him for long and he began to earn his living at the age of ten in the service of a wealthy local Quaker, Elihu Robinson. It...
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Timeline (2)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Josefina Deland

borndied
1814, Oct 11890, Mar 8
a Swedish feminist, writer and a teacher in French. She founded Svenska lärarinnors pensionsförening (Society for Retired Female Teachers), where she served as chairperson from its foundation in 1855 to 1859. Deland was a feminist, and became a pioneer as a woman's rights activist in Sweden at a point when no women's movement was organized in Sweden, a par...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Henry Edmondson

borndied
1607 ca1659
an English schoolmaster. He became usher of Tunbridge school, Kent, under Dr. Nicholas Grey, and in 1655, on the death of Thomas Widdowes, was appointed by his college master of the endowed free school of Northleach, Gloucestershire, where he remained till his death. He wrote several works, all on educational topics.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Edward Everett

borndied
1794, Apr 111865, Jan 15
an American politician, pastor, educator, diplomat, and orator from Massachusetts. Everett, a Whig, served as U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, the 15th Governor of Massachusetts, Minister to Great Britain, and United States Secretary of State. He also taught at Harvard University and served as its president. In 1820 Everett became editor of the North Ameri...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Stephanie Felicite

aka: Stéphanie Félicité, Comtesse de Genlis
borndied
1746, Jan 251830, Dec 31
a French writer, harpist and educator. The better to carry out her ingenious theories of education, she wrote several works for their use, the best known of which are the Théâtre d'éducation (4 vols., 1779–1780), a collection of short comedies for young people, Les Annales de la vertu (2 vols., 1781) and Adèle et Théodore (3 vols., 1782). Charles Augu...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Abigail Fillmore

aka: Abigail Powers
borndied
1798, Mar 131853, Mar 30
wife of Millard Fillmore, was First Lady of the United States from 1850 to 1853. In 1814 Abigail became a part-time school teacher at the Sempronius Village school. In 1817 she becomes a full-time teacher and in 1819 she took on another teaching job and bega...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Charles Fleetwood

borndied
unknown1747
an English gentleman with an interest in theatre. He eventually became the manager of the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, in partnership with Colley Cibber and, sometime later, Charles Macklin. The last of Fleetwood's inheritance was used to buy the patent for the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane from John Highmore in 1734. Highmore had owned half of the patent and Flee...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Enrique Florez

aka: Flórez
bornactivedied
1701, Feb 141716-17701773, Aug 20
a Spanish historian. At 15 years old, he entered the order of St Augustine. He subsequently became professor of theology at the University of Alcala, where he published a Cursus theologiae in five volumes (1732–1738). He then devoted himself to historical studies. Of these the first-fruit was his Clavis Historiae, a work of the same class as ...
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Links (5)


Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

Charles Follen

aka: Karl
bornactivedied
1796, Sep 61818-18391840, Jan 13
a German poet and patriot, who later moved to the United States and became the first professor of German at Harvard University, a Unitarian minister, and a radical abolitionist.
Links (9)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Edmund Freke

aka: Freake, Freak
borndied
1516 ca1591
an English dean and bishop. He was born in Essex, and educated at Cambridge, gaining his M.A. there c. 1550. In 1565 he was appointed Canon of the sixth stall at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, a position he held until 1572. In 1579 he tried and then burnt a Norfolk plowright, Matthew Hamont, for heresy.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Henry Highland Garnet

borndied
1815, Dec 231882, Feb 13
an African-American abolitionist, minister, educator and orator. Having escaped with his family as a child from slavery in Maryland, he grew up in New York City. He was educated at the African Free School and other institutions, and became an advocate of militant abolitionism. He became a minister and based his drive for abolitionism in religion. Garnet was ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Angus Morrison Gidney

borndied
1803, May 41882, Jan 20
a Canadian educator, poet and journalist. Gidney taught school for a number of years before becoming editor of the Novascotian in 1843; later that year, he became associate editor after William Annand purchased the paper. He was also parliamentary reporter for the Morning Chronicle. Gidney married Experience Beals. In 1845, he purchased the Yarmouth Herald. ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

John Conrad Gilbert

borndied
17341812
As a schoolmaster, John Conrad Gilbert also wrote wills, made Fraktur and read sermons. He was born in Hoffenheim, Germany, to Johann Georg Gilbert and Anna Elisabeth Gruber. The family immigrated in 1750 and settled in Douglas Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Conrad Gilbert married Anna Elisabetha Steltz in 1757 and they raised 13 children. He was...
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Cross-listed in Governance

Isaac Goodnow

bornactivedied
1814, Jan 171838-18761894, Mar 20
an abolitionist and co-founder of Kansas State University and Manhattan, Kansas. Goodnow was also elected as a Republican to the Kansas House of Representatives and as Superintendent of Public Instruction for the state, and is known as "the father of formal education in Kansas." In 1848 Goodnow accepted a position as professor of natural sciences at the Prov...
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Timeline (1)Links (5)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Antonio de Gouveia

aka: António
borndied
1505 ca1566, Mar
a Portuguese humanist and educator during the Renaissance. He wrote literary and philosophical works, having correspondeded with most of the writers of his time. His works dealt mainly with law, but also poetry, fruit of time he spent editing and translating classical sources in search of the original meaning. Although sympathetic to Lutheranism and once acc...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in AstronomersClergyScientists

Edmund Gunter

bornactivedied
15811614-16261626, Dec 10
an English clergyman, mathematician, geometer and astronomer of Welsh descent. He is best remembered for his mathematical contributions which include the invention of the Gunter's chain, the Gunter's quadrant, and the Gunter's scale. In 1620, he invented the first successful analog device which he developed to calculate logarithmic tangents. He was mentored ...
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Timeline (1)Links (12)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Jakob Haartman

bornactivedied
1717, Mar 61776-17881788, Mar 6
the Bishop of Turku in Finland for the Lutheran Finish Church from 1776 till his death in 1788. Haartman was born on March 8, 1717 in Stockholm, Sweden, the son of Finnish parents Johan Jakobsson Haartman, a priest, and Maria Kristoffersdotter Sundenius. He graduated from the Royal Academy of Turku in 1730 and from Uppsala University in 1733. He earned his M...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Composers

Elizabeth Joanetta Catherine von Hagen

borndied
17501809/1810
a Dutch pianist, music educator and composer who lived and worked in the United States. Von Hagen composed works for piano and was known as a composer and arranger of theatrical music. She died in Massachusetts.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Hales [1]

borndied
1520 ca1572, Dec 28
a writer, administrator and politician during the Tudor period. Hales wrote his Highway to Nobility about 1543. He wrote Introductiones ad grammaticum for his newly founded free school. In 1543 he also published Precepts for the Preservation of Health, a translation from Plutarch.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Sir William Hamilton [2]

aka: William Stirling Hamilton, 9th Baronet
borndied
1788, Mar 81856, May 6
a Scottish metaphysician. In 1820 he was a candidate for the chair of moral philosophy in the University of Edinburgh, which had fallen vacant on the death of Thomas Brown, colleague of Dugald Stewart, and Stewart's consequent resignation, but was defeated on political grounds by John Wilson, (1785–1854), the "Christopher North" of Blackwood's Magazine. So...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Hart [1]

borndied
unknown1574
an English educator, grammarian, spelling reformer and officer of arms. He is best known for proposing a reformed spelling system for English, which has been described as "the first truly phonological scheme" in the history of early English spelling. Hart is the author of three known works on grammar and spelling: an unpublished manuscript from 1551 titled T...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Composers

Henry Hiles

borndied
18261904
an English composer, organist, writer, and music educator. He began studying the piano at the age of 4 and began studying the organ just a few years later. He studied at the University of Oxford where he earned Bachelor of Music and Doctor of Music degrees.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Inventors

Rowland Hill

borndied
1795, Dec 31879, Aug 27
an English teacher, inventor and social reformer. He campaigned for a comprehensive reform of the postal system, based on the concept of Uniform Penny Post and his solution of prepayment, facilitating the safe, speedy and cheap transfer of letters. Hill later served as a government postal official, and he is usually credited with originating the basic concep...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

Frodsham Hodson

bornactivedied
1770, Jun 71791-18221822, Jan 18
an English churchman and academic, the Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford from 1809. He edited Thomas Falconer's Chronological Tables, 1796. His probationary exercise as a fellow of Brasenose was published in the same year, entitled The Eternal Filiation of the Son of God asserted on the Evidence of the Sacred Scriptures, pp. 81. His only other works wer...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

Moses Hoge

borndied
1752, Feb 151820, Jul 5
a Presbyterian minister and educator. He served as the sixth President of Hampden–Sydney College. Hoge prepared for the ministry under the traditional apprentice-style system, he had been pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Shepherdstown, Virginia (now West Virginia), for twenty years and was famous as a preacher, theological teacher, and tract-writer whe...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Scientists

Eben Norton Horsford

borndied
1818, Jul 271893, Jan 1
an American scientist who is best known for his reformulation of baking powder, his interest in Viking settlements in America, and the monuments he built to Leif Erikson. He studied at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, graduating as a civil engineer at age 19. He then worked for two years in the Geological Survey of New York, and shortly after he had reached...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

Thomas Hyde

borndied
15241597
an English Roman Catholic academic, teacher, priest and exile. Hyde's major work was A Consolatorie Epistle to the Afflicted Catholikes. Being a Dissuasive against frequenting Protestant Churches, and an Exhortation to Suffer with Patience. Set foorth by Thomas Hide, Priest, Louvain, 1579; 2nd edition, with three woodcuts, 1580.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Alonzo Jackman

borndied
1809, Mar 201879, Feb 24
a Vermont educator and military officer. He is prominent for developing and implementing a system for receiving and training troops for the Union Army during the American Civil War. Jackman wrote several articles and treatises on mathematics and other topics. In the 1840s he prepared an article on constructing an underwater telegraph, including methods of in...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Rudolf Keyser

borndied
1803, Jan 11864, Oct 9
a Norwegian historian, archaeologist and educator. Keyser was most commonly associated with the Theory on immigration to Norway. Keyser was a supporter of the migration theory that the Norse tribes had wandered into Norway from the north and east, a view also shared by Peter Andreas Munch, a former student of Keyser. This theory was inspired in part by the e...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Gottfried Kinkel

aka: Johann Gottfried
bornactivedied
1815, Aug 111836-18821882, Nov 12
a German poet also noted for his revolutionary activities and his escape from a Prussian prison in Spandau with the help of his friend Carl Schurz. Kinkel's Gedichte first appeared in 1843. His best works were the verse romances, Otto der Schütz, eine rheinische Geschichte in zwölf Abenteuern (1846), and Der Grobschmied von Antwerpen (...
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Links (5)


Cross-listed in AstronomersWriters

Daniel Kirkwood

bornactivedied
1814, Sep 271839-18951895, Jun 11
an American astronomer. Kirkwood was born in Harford County, Maryland to John and Agnes (née Hope) Kirkwood. He graduated in mathematics from the York County Academy in York, Pennsylvania in 1838. After teaching there for five years, he became Principal of the Lancaster High School in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and after another five years he moved on to beco...
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Cross-listed in ArtistsMilitaryWriters

Friedrich August von Klinkowstrom

aka: Klinkowström
borndied
unknownunknown
a German artist, author and teacher from an old Pomeranian noble family. His early pictures as well showed a strong leaning towards the Roman Catholic Church. After two stints in the army, there came three quiet years of painting and literary work. He devoted himself particularly to children's books for which he provided designs and illustrations.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in WritersCommerce

Sarah Kemble Knight

bornactivedied
1666, Apr 191704-17051727, Sep 25
a teacher and businesswoman, who is remembered for a brief diary of a journey from Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony, to New York City, Province of New York, in 1704–1705, which provides us with one of the few first-hand-accounts of travel conditions in Connecticut during colonial times.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsWriters

Jan Philip Koelman

aka: Johan
borndied
18181893
a Dutch painter, sculptor, writer and teacher, involved during part of his life in revolutionary activity. He attended Cornelis Kruseman's studio together with other artists of this period, such as Alexander Hugo Bakker Korff, David Bles and Herman ten Kate. Between 1846 and 1851 Koelman lived in Rome, to where he travelled for artistic purposes, but where h...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Drury Lacy

bornactivedied
1758, Oct 51781-18091815, Dec 6
a Vice President and the Acting President of Hampden–Sydney College from 1789 to 1797. He devoted much of his time and attention to supplying neighboring churches and also taught a classical school. Lacy also served as moderator of the general assembly of the Presbyterian Church in 1809, and as clerk of the Hanover Presbytery during the greater part of his...
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Links (4)


Cross-listed in Writers

Rebecca Hammond Lard

bornactivedied
1772, Mar 71786-1850s1855, Sep 28
called by some critics "the first poet in Indiana". Her poetry reflects on the lives of the early people in Indiana and the colonists in Vermont. Lard's works are mainly religious and meditative in tone, but draw their inspiration in part from the Bucolics and Georgics of Virgil. She is best known for Indiana's first book of poetry, On the Banks of the Oh...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Sophia Lee

borndied
17501824, Mar 13
an English novelist, dramatist and educator. Her novel The Recess, or a Tale of other Times (1783–85) was a historical romance; and the play Almeyda, Queen of Grenada (1796) was a long tragedy in blank verse, which opened at Drury Lane on 20 April 1796 but ran for only five nights. With her sister Harriet Lee, Sophia also wrote a series of more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Astronomers

Pierre Lemonnier

borndied
1675/17151757/1799
a French astronomer, a Professor of Physics and Philosophy at the Collège d'Harcourt (University of Paris), and a member of the French Academy of Sciences.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont

borndied
1711, Apr 261780, Sep 8
a French author who wrote the best known version of Beauty and the Beast. She had a relationship with the spy for the British, Thomas Pichon (1757–1760). Her first work, the moralistic novel The Triumph of Truth (Le Triomphe de la vérité), was published in 1748. She published approximately seventy volumes during her literary career Most famous were the c...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

John Lingard

borndied
1771, Feb 51851, Jul 17
an English historian, the author of The History of England, From the First Invasion by the Romans to the Accession of Henry VIII, an 8-volume work published in 1819. In 1793 where he concluded his theological studies and was ordained. He then taught philos...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

bornactivedied
1807, Feb 271824-18821882, Mar 24
an American poet and educator whose works include "Paul Revere's Ride", The Song of Hiawatha, and Evangeline. He was also the first American to translate Dante Alighieri's Divine Comedy, and was one of the five Fireside Poets. Longfellow wrote many lyric poems known for their musicality and often presenting stories of mythology and legend. He became the most...
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Links (21)


Cross-listed in Writers

James Mabbe

borndied
15721642
an English scholar and poet, and a Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford. He was involved in translations from Spanish, in particular of some of the work of Miguel de Cervantes. He made a translation, in 1622, of the Picaresque novel by Mateo Alemán, Guzm...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Composers

Lowell Mason

borndied
1792, Jan 81872, Aug 11
a leading figure in American church music, the composer of over 1600 hymn tunes, many of which are often sung today. His most well-known tunes include his arrangement of "Joy to the World" and "Bethany", his setting of the hymn, "Nearer, My God, to Thee". He was largely responsible for introducing music into American public schools, and is considered to be t...
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Timeline (1)Links (13)


Cross-listed in AstronomersNaval

Matthew Fontaine Maury

borndied
1806, Jan 141873, Feb 1
an American astronomer, historian, oceanographer, meteorologist, cartographer, author, geologist, and educator. n 1825 at age 19, Maury obtained a midshipman's warrant in the United States Navy. When a leg injury left him unfit for sea duty, Maury devoted his time to the study of navigation, meteorology, winds, and currents. He became Superintendent of the U...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Sibella Elizabeth Miles

borndied
1800, Sep 281882, Mar 29
an English schoolteacher, poet and writer of the 19th century. Sibella Miles ran a girls' boarding-school at Penzance for a number of years prior to 1833 and occupied her leisure hours with the composition of poetry. Many of her contributions appeared in the Forget-me-Not for 1825 and subsequent years, the Selector or Cornish Magazine, 1826–8, the Oriental...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Legal

George W. Minns

borndied
1813, Oct 61895, Jan 14
graduated from Harvard College with the class of 1836 and received a law degree from the Howard Dane Law School of Harvard. He practiced law in Massachusetts for several years before moving to California. After the Gold Rush caused the collapse of his law practice and Minns lost all of his savings, he became a teacher at the Union Grammar School, the first C...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Astronomers

Maria Mitchell

bornactivedied
1818, Aug 11835-18881889, Jun 28
an American astronomer who, in 1847, by using a telescope, discovered a comet which as a result became known as "Miss Mitchell's Comet". She won a gold medal prize for her discovery which was presented to her by King Frederick VI of Denmark - this was remarkab...
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Timeline (1)Links (25)


Cross-listed in AstronomersScientists

August Ferdinand Mobius

aka: Möbius
bornactivedied
1790, Nov 171816-18581868, Sep 26
a German mathematician and theoretical astronomer. He is best known for his discovery of the Möbius strip, a non-orientable two-dimensional surface with only one side when embedded in three-dimensional Euclidean space. Many mathematical concepts are named after him, including the Möbius plane, the Möbius transformations, important in projective geometry, ...
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Timeline (1)Links (9)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Maria Frances Ann Morris

borndied
1813, Feb 121875, Oct 28
a teacher, artist and poet in Nova Scotia. Morris published several series of botanical lithographs: Wildflowers of Nova Scotia, with one series in 1839 to 1840 and a second series in 1853. In 1856, she published a volume of poetry Metrical musings with her sister Catherine.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Richard Mulcaster

borndied
1531 ca1611, Apr 15
is known best for his headmasterships and pedagogic writings. He is often regarded as the founder of English language lexicography. In 1561 he became the first headmaster of Merchant Taylors' School in London, where he wrote his two treatises on education, Positions (1581) and Elementarie (1582). Merchant Taylors' School was at that time the largest school i...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ArtistsWritersInventorsScientistsCartographers

Matrakci Nasuh

aka: Matrakçi
borndied
14801564 ca
a 16th-century Bosniak statesman of the Ottoman Empire, polymath, mathematician, teacher, historian, geographer, cartographer, swordmaster, navigator, inventor, painter, farmer, and miniaturist. He was brought to Istanbul after being recruited by the Ottoman scouts in Rumelia, educated, served several Ottoman sultans, and became a teacher at Enderun School.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in GovernanceWriters

Thomas Neale

bornactivedied
16411664-16981699
an English project-manager and politician who was also the first person to hold a position equivalent to postmaster-general of the North American colonies. Neale was a Member of Parliament for thirty years, Master of the Mint and the Transfer Office, Groom of the Bedchamber, gambler, and entrepreneur. His wide variety of projects included the development ...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Zaharije Orfelin

borndied
17261785
a Serbian polymath who lived and worked in the Austrian Monarchy and Venice. Described as a Renaissance man, he was an educator, administrator, poet, engraver, lexicographer, herbalist, historian, translator, editor, publisher, polemicist, polyglot, a prominent oenologist, and traveler.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Krikor Peshtimaldjian

borndied
17781839, Jan
a prominent ethnic Armenian philosopher, educator, translator, and linguist. He was a key figure in the Armenian reawakening and reformist movement in the 19th century. Early in his life he started to compile a dictionary of Classical Armenian, intended to comprise two volumes, but the project was discontinued. In 1829 he published Kraganutyun Haykazian Lezv...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Francesco Piccolomini

borndied
1582, Oct 221651, Jun 17
an Italian Jesuit, elected the eighth Superior-General of the Society of Jesus. After Vincenzo Carafa, the 7th Superior General of the Order, died on 8 February 1649, a General Congregation made of representatives of the various Jesuit provinces, met on 21 December of the same year and chose Piccolomini as his successor. He died after eighteen months in offi...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in InventorsScientists

Jean-Francois Pilatre de Rozier

aka: Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier
borndied
1754, Mar 301785, Jun 15
a French chemistry and physics teacher, and one of the first pioneers of aviation. He and the Marquis d'Arlandes made the first manned free balloon flight on 21 November 1783, in a Montgolfier balloon. He later died when his balloon crashed near Wimereux in the Pas-de-Calais during an attempt to fly across the English Channel. He and his companion, Pierre Ro...
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Timeline (3)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Isaac Pitman

borndied
1813, Jan 41897, Jan 22
an English teacher who developed the most widely used system of shorthand, known now as Pitman shorthand. He first proposed this in Stenographic Soundhand in 1837. He was also the vice president of the Vegetarian Society. Pitman was knighted by Queen Victoria in 18...
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Timeline (2)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Amandus Polanus

borndied
1561, Dec 161610, Jul 17
a German theologian of early Reformed orthodoxy. After his education in Troppau (Opava), Breslau (Wroclaw, Vratislav), Tübingen, Basel, and Geneva (1577–1584), he served as a tutor to the family of Zerotin in Heidelberg and Basel (1584–1590), and later taught at the Bohemian Brethren school in Ivancice. Between 1591 and 1595 he again tutored for the Zer...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Composers

Cipriani Potter

borndied
1792, Oct 31871, Sep 26
a British composer, pianist and educator. There are nine extant symphonies, although the composer's numbering tells us he wrote ten. He also wrote four piano concerti, some chamber music and several piano solo pieces. His instrumental music displays the continental inheritance of his teachers in its use of instrumental forms such as sonata form. Aside from a...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

John Preston

bornactivedied
1587, Oct1611-16271628, Jul 20
an Anglican cleric and master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. About 1611, the year in which he commenced M.A., he heard a sermon at St. Mary's from John Cotton, then fellow of Emmanuel, which opened to him a new career. Preston had now taken orders, and become dean and catechist of Queens'. He began a course of sermons which were to form a body of divinity.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Joseph Priestley

borndied
1733, Mar 131804, Feb 6
an 18th-century English theologian, dissenting clergyman, natural philosopher, chemist, educator, and Liberal political theorist who published over 150 works. He is usually credited with the discovery of oxygen, having isolated it in its gaseous state, although Carl Wilhelm Scheele and Antoine Lavoisier also have a claim to the discovery. Priestley's science...
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Timeline (3)Links (1)


Cross-listed in InventorsCommerce

Petro Prokopovych

bornactivedied
17751798-18501850
the founder of commercial beekeeping. He introduced novelties in traditional beekeeping that allowed great progress in the practice. Among his most important inventions was a hive frame in a separate honey chamber of his beehive. He also invented a crude queen excluder between brood and honey chambers. Another passion of Prokopovych was teaching. He set up a...
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Links (4)


Cross-listed in Governance

Josiah Quincy III

borndied
1772, Feb 41864, Jul 1
a U.S. educator and political figure. He was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1805–1813), Mayor of Boston (1823–1828), and President of Harvard University (1829–1845). The historic Quincy Market in downtown Boston is named in his honor. In 1812, Quincy was a founding member of the American Antiquarian Society.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Truman B. Ransom

borndied
1802, Sep 201847, Sep 13
a Vermont educator and military officer who served as President of Norwich University and commander of a regiment in the Mexican–American War. He was killed at the Battle of Chapultepec.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Susanna Rowson

borndied
17621824, Mar 2
a British-American novelist, poet, playwright, religious writer, stage actress, and educator. Rowson was the author of the 1791 novel Charlotte Temple, the most popular best-seller in American literature until Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin was published in 1852.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in GovernancePhysicians

Benjamin Rush

bornactivedied
1745, Dec 241769-18121813, Apr 19
a Founding Father of the United States. Rush was a civic leader in Philadelphia, where he was a physician, politician, social reformer, educator and humanitarian, as well as the founder of Dickinson College. Rush attended the Continental Congress and signed the Declaration of Independence. His later self-description there was: "He aimed right." He served as ...
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Timeline (3)Links (22)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in AstronomersClergyScientists

Angelo Secchi

aka: Pietro Angelo
borndied
1818, Jun 291878, Feb 26
an Italian astronomer. He was Director of the Observatory at the Pontifical Gregorian University (then called the Roman College) for 28 years. He was a pioneer in astronomical spectroscopy, and was one of the first scientists to state authoritatively that the Sun is a star.
Links (7)


Cross-listed in Composers

Josef Seger

aka: Seeger, Seegr
borndied
1716, Mar 211782, Apr 22
a Bohemian organist, composer, and educator. After graduating in philosophy from the Charles University in Prague and studying music under Bohuslav Matej Cernohorský, Jan Zach, and others, Seger became organist of two churches in Prague and remained there until his death. An extremely prolific composer, Seger became one of the most important representatives...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Karl August Senff

borndied
1770, Mar 121838, Jan 2
a Baltic German painter, engraver and teacher. He is best known for his etchings of famous German and Estonian military figures in service to the Imperial Russian Army. He served as professor of drawing at the University of Dorpat (now University of Tartu) from its reopening in 1802 until his death in 1838 where he trained some of Estonia's most celebrated a...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Smith [3]

bornactivedied
16181644-16521652, Aug 7
an English philosopher, theologian, and educator. Smith entered Emmanuel College, Cambridge, in 1636, took his B.A. in 1640 and his M.A. in 1644, at which time he was chosen fellow of Queens' College. His health seems to have been precarious from the first. His labours were principally confined to his office as teacher, for which he had remarkable qualificat...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyScientists

Lazzaro Spallanzani

borndied
1729, Jan 101799, Feb 12
an Italian Catholic priest, biologist and physiologist who made important contributions to the experimental study of bodily functions, animal reproduction, and animal echolocation. His research of biogenesis paved the way for the downfall of preformationism theory (the idea that organisms develop from miniature versions of themselves), though the final death...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

Edward Stanley

borndied
1779, Jan 11849, Sep 6
an English clergyman who served as Bishop of Norwich between 1837 and 1849. He set about combating laxity and want of discipline among the clergy. Educated at St John's College, Cambridge (16th wrangler, 1802), he was ordained in 1802 and three years later became rector of Alderley, Cheshire, a position he held for the next 32 years. While there he took a gr...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Josephine Thrane

borndied
1820, Apr 51862, Sep 30
a Norwegian teacher and political activist. She was born in Bragernes, and was married to Marcus Thrane. From 1841 to 1846 she was running a private school for boys and girls, along with her husband. From 1854 she published the periodical Arbeider-Foreningernes...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Astronomers

Johann Daniel Titius

borndied
1729, Jan 21796, Dec 16
a German astronomer and a professor at Wittenberg. He is best known for formulating the Titius–Bode law, and for using this rule to predict the existence of a celestial object at 2.8 AU from the sun. The asteroid 1998 Titius and the crater Titius on the Moon are named in his honour.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

John Trapp

bornactivedied
1601, Jun 51622-16691669, Oct 16
an English Anglican Bible commentator. His large five-volume commentary is still read today and is known for its pithy statements and quotable prose. His volumes are quoted frequently by other religious writers. Trapp studied at the Free School in Worcester and then at Christ Church, Oxford (B.A., 1622; M.A., 1624). He became usher of the free school of Stra...
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Links (4)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyWriters

Theodore Tronchin

aka: Théodore
bornactivedied
1582, Apr 171608-16551657, Nov 19
a Swiss Calvinist theologian, controversialist and Hebraist. He studied theology at Geneva, Basel, Heidelberg, Franeker, and Leiden. He became professor of oriental languages at the academy of Geneva in 1606; he was preacher there in 1608, and professor of theology in 1618. He was rector in 1610. In 1618 he was sent with his colleague Giovanni Diodati to the...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ClergyGovernance

Alexander Twilight

borndied
1795, Sep 231857, Jun 19
an American educator, minister and politician. He is the first mixed White and African-American known to have earned a bachelor's degree from an American college or university, graduating from Middlebury College in 1823. He was licensed as a Congregational preacher and worked in education and ministry all his career. In 1829 Twilight became principal of the ...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Twyne

borndied
1505 ca1581
an English schoolmaster, scholar and author, and also Member of Parliament for Canterbury. Twyne was a reputed antiquary, classical scholar and teacher. His first literary work was an introduction to an anonymous edition of Hugh of Caumpeden's History of Kyng Boccus and Sydracke. Twyne collaborated with Robert Saltwood to edit (or translate again) the work f...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Clergy

William Van Mildert

borndied
1765, Nov 61836, Feb 21
the last palatine Bishop of Durham (1826–1836), and one of the founders of the University of Durham. His name survives in Van Mildert College, founded in 1965 and the Van Mildert Professor of Divinity. As part of the University of Durham's foundation, behind which he was the driving force, he gave Durham Castle to the University, where it became the home o...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Ludvig Vibe

borndied
1803, Sep 261881, Jun 21
a Norwegian classical philologist and educator. He was Professor of Greek language at the Royal Frederick University from 1838. He is known for translating The Birds and Prometheus Bound, and also for a work on Spartan governance named Hvad var Spartas Ekklesii. He was, however, most interested in preserving the position of the classical languages in society...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Ole Vig

borndied
1824, Feb 61857, Dec 19
a Norwegian teacher, poet, non-fiction writer, magazine editor and proponent for public education. He edited the magazine Folkevennen from 1851, published the poetry collection Norske Bondeblomster in 1851, and the history book Norges historie indtil Harald Haarfagre in 1857. His poem and national hymn "Nordmandssang" ("Blandt alle Lande") was published in S...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Volrath Vogt

borndied
1817, Feb 141889, Jul 19
a Danish-born Norwegian theologian and schoolteacher, who is particularly known for his biblical stories for schoolchildren. He was born in Reerslev, Denmark, and grew up in Norway. He was teacher at the Christiania Cathedral School for fifty years, from 1839 to 1889. His textbook Bibelhistorie med Lidt af Kirkens Historie from 1858 became widely used in sch...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in ComposersPerformers

Wilhelm Volckmar

borndied
1812, Dec 261887, Aug 27
a German organist virtuoso, seminar music teacher and composer. He received his musical education from his father Adam Valentin Volckmar (1770-1851). He was a student of Johann Gottfried Vierling, who had received his training with Johann Philipp Kirnber...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Gerardus Vossius

aka: Gerrit Janszoon Vos
borndied
15771649, Mar 19
a Dutch classical scholar and theologian. In 1600 he was made rector of the latin school in Dordrecht, and devoted himself to philology and historical theology. From 1614 to 1619 he was director of the theological college at Leiden University. In the meantime, he was gaining a great reputation as a scholar, not only in the Netherlands, but also in France an...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Physicians

Benjamin Waterhouse

bornactivedied
1754, Mar 41782-18211846, Oct 2
a physician, co-founder and professor of Harvard Medical School. He is most well known for being the first doctor to test the smallpox vaccine in the United States, which he carried out on his own family. His medical career began at age 16, when he apprenticed for a doctor in his hometown. At age 21, he left the United States to study medicine in Europe at s...
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Timeline (1)Links (8)


Cross-listed in GovernanceWriters

Noah Webster

bornactivedied
1758, Oct 161781-18431843, May 28
an American lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English-language spelling reformer, political writer, editor, and prolific author. He has been called the "Father of American Scholarship and Education". His blue-backed speller books taught five generations of American children how to spell and read, secularizing their education. According to Ellis (1979), he gav...
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Timeline (4)Links (16)


Cross-listed in Writers

David Wedderburn

borndied
1580 ca1646, Oct 23
a writer, and schoolmaster at Aberdeen Grammar School. Though his date of birth is not known, he was baptised on 2 January 1580, and was educated in Aberdeen. In April 1602 he started working at Aberdeen Grammar School. He had a number of publications, including his 1633 work Institutiones grammaticae; and Vocabula, first published in 1636. He died in Aberde...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Robert Walter Weir

borndied
18031889
an American artist and educator. He is considered a painter of the Hudson River School. Weir was elected to the National Academy of Design in 1829, and an instructor at the United States Military Academy. His best-known works are The Embarkation of the Pilgrims (in the Rotunda of the United States Capitol at Washington, D.C.) and Landing of Hendrik Hudson.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in AstronomersClergy

Godefroy Wendelin

aka: Godefroy, Godefroid, Gottfried, Govaert Wendelen, Godefridus Wendelinus, Vendelinus
bornactivedied
1580, Jun 61599-16521667, Oct 24
a Flemish astronomer. The crater Vendelinus on the Moon is named after him. Around 1630 he measured the distance between the Earth and the Sun using the method of Aristarchus of Samos. The value he calculated was 60% of the true value. Wendelinus was credited with recognizing that Kepler's third law applied to the satellites of Jupiter.
Links (2)


Cross-listed in ClergyWritersScientists

William Whewell

borndied
1794, May 241866, Mar 6
an English polymath, scientist, Anglican priest, philosopher, theologian, and historian of science. He was Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. In his time as a student there, he achieved distinction in both poetry and mathematics. What is most often remarked about Whewell is the breadth of his endeavours. In a time of increasing specialisation, Whewell app...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Astronomers

John Winthrop [2]

borndied
1714, Dec 191779, May 3
a distinguished mathematician, physicist and astronomer, born in Boston, Mass. Professor Winthrop was one of the foremost men of science in America during the 18th century, and his impact on its early advance in New England was particularly significant. Both Ben...
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Timeline (3)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Lewis Woodson

borndied
1806, Jan1878, Jan
an educator, minister, writer, and abolitionist. He was an early leader in the African Methodist Episcopal Church (AME) in Ohio and Pennsylvania. In 1829 Woodson began an active life of writing to influence public policy, with a letter published by Freedom's Journal, an early African-American newspaper.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in GovernanceLegal

George Wythe

bornactivedied
17261746-18061806, Jun 8
the first American law professor, a noted classics scholar, and a Virginia judge. The first of the seven Virginia signatories of the United States Declaration of Independence, Wythe served as one of Virginia's representatives to the Continental Congress and the Philadelphia Convention. Wythe taught and was a mentor to more
Links (1)Notes (1)

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