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Pachomius I

bornactivedied
unknown1502-15131513
Ecumenical Patriarch of the Church of Constantinople from 1503 to 1513, except for a short period in 1504. Before his election as Patriarch of Constantinople, Pachomius was Metropolitan of Zichna. The main issue during Pachomius' patriarchate was the case of the Cretan scholar Arsenius Apostolius. In 1506 the Roman Curia appointed Arsenius as Eastern Rite bi...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Pachomius II

bornactivedied
unknown1580-1585unknown
Ecumenical Patriarch of the Church of Constantinople from 1584 to 1585. He is sometimes considered an usurper. 16th-century Greek sources show an extended bias against Pachomius: he is labeled as "dissolute" by Pseudo-Dorotheos and Leontios Eustrakios stated that he "inflicted immeasurable grief upon the Christians".
Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in ExplorersWriters

Pedro Paez

aka: Páez
bornactivedied
15641589-16221622, May 25
a Spanish Jesuit missionary in Ethiopia. Páez is considered by many experts on Ethiopia to be the most effective Catholic missionary in Ethiopia. He is believed to be the first European to see and describe the source of the Blue Nile. His two-volume História da Ethiópia (History of Ethiopia) is regarded by scholars of Ethiopian history as one of the most ...
more
Timeline (1)Links (3)


Paisios

bornactivedied
unknown1759-1767unknown
Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1759-1761)* Orthodox Church of Cyprus


Paisios Ligarides

bornactivedied
unknown1657-1677unknown
Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria for the Greek Orthodox Church (1657-1677). He went to Moscow following an invitation by Tsar Alexios (1645-1670), in order to participate in a Synod which condemned Patriarch Nikon of Moscow for violating his duties. He secured significant financial assistance for the Patriarchate of Alexandria from the Tsar. In the year 167...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Paisius I

bornactivedied
unknown1640s-1655unknown
a two-time Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople (August 1, 1652-April 1653, March 1654-March 1655). He was previously bishop of Ephesus and Larissa.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Paisius II

bornactivedied
unknown1712-17561756, Dec 11
was Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople for four times (1726-1732; 1740-1743; 1744-1748, 1751-1752) in the 18th century. He became Metropolitan of Nicomedia probably in 1712. His many terms resulted from inner political turmoil and his personal health issues.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Pajsije II Grk

bornactivedied
unknown1756-1757unknown
Patriarch (1756-1757)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Palden Tenpai Nyima

bornactivedied
unknown1782-1853unknown
the seventh Panchen Lama of Gelug (Buddhist Yellow Hat sect), from 1782-1853. In 1810 (or 1811) Palden Tenpai Nyima gave the pre-novice ordination to the 9th Dalai Lama at the Potala Palace, and gave him the name Lungtok Gyatso. After Lungtok Gyatso died in 1815, eight years passed before a new Dalai Lama was chosen. The political events in this period are m...
more
Links (1)


Eliyaho Palombo

bornactivedied
unknown1780-1800unknown
Chief Rabbi (1780-1800)* Ottoman Empire


Cross-listed in Writers

John Palsgrave

aka: Pagrave
bornactivedied
1485 ca1513-15451554
a priest of Henry VIII of England's court. He is known as a tutor in the royal household, and as a textbook author. He composed L'esclarcissement de la langue francoyse (printed in 1530 in London and dedicated to Henry VIII). This book — written in English desp...
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Links (1)


Panaretos

bornactivedied
unknown1838-1840unknown
Metropolitan of Turnovo (1838–1840)* Bulgarian Orthodox Church


Panaretos

bornactivedied
unknown1827-1840unknown
Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1827–1840)* Orthodox Church of Cyprus


Cross-listed in Governance

Patrick Paniter

aka: Paniter, Painter, Panter
bornactivedied
1470 ca1500s-15171519
Scottish churchman and principal secretary to James V. Paniter was born around 1470 at the village of Newmanswells. He was educated in Paris. On his return, without taking holy orders, he became Rector of Fetteresso in the Mearns and Vicar of Kilmany in Fife. James IV first made him the teacher of his illegitimate son Alexander Stewart, and shortly afterward...
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Links (1)


Jeremija Papazoglu

bornactivedied
unknown1766-1784unknown
Metropolitan of Belgrade (1766-1784)* Serbian Orthodox Church


David Pardo [1]

bornactivedied
1591 ca1610-16571657, Mar 15
a Dutch rabbi and hakham. He was born at Salonica to Rabbi Joseph and Reina in the second half of the sixteenth century. He went with his father to Amsterdam, where he became hakham of the Bet Yisrael congregation (founded 1618). This congregation was consolidated in 1639 with the other two congregations in Amsterdam, and Pardo was appointed hakham together ...
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Links (1)


David Pardo [2]

bornactivedied
unknown1680sunknown
a 17th-century rabbi. He was born in Amsterdam. His father was Rabbi Joseph Pardo, hazzan in London and author of "Shulhan Tahor." He was married to Esther Abenatar. He edited his father's work "Shulhan Tahor" and also translated the work into Spanish under the title of "Compendio de Dinim" (Amsterdam, 1689). The other works attributed to him by Julius Fürs...
more
Links (1)


Matthew Parker

bornactivedied
1504, Aug 61559-15751575, May 17
the Archbishop of Canterbury for the Church of England from 1559 until his death in 1575. He was also an influential theologian and arguably the co-founder (with Thomas Cranmer and Richard Hooker) of a distinctive tradition of Anglican theological thought. Parker was one of the primary architects of the Thirty-Nine Articles, the defining statements of Angli...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Robert Parker

borndied
15691614
an English Puritan clergyman and scholar. He became minister of a separatist congregation in Holland where he died while in exile for his heterodoxy. The Reverend Cotton Mather wrote of Parker as "one of the greatest scholars in the English Nation, and in some s...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Samuel Parker the Elder

borndied
16401688, Mar 21
an English churchman, of strong Erastian views and a fierce opponent of Dissenters. His political position is often compared with that of Thomas Hobbes, but there are also clear differences; he was also called in his time a Latitudinarian, but this is not someth...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Richard Parkes

borndied
1559unknown
an English clergyman, known as a controversialist. In 1604 he wrote against Andrew Willet. His purpose was to support the Augustinian view of the article of faith respecting Christ's descent into hell, against the Calvinistic view of the Puritans, who stood out against the growing popularity of Jacobus Arminius.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Parnell

bornactivedied
1679, Sep 111705-17181718, Oct 24
an Anglo-Irish poet and clergyman who was a friend of both Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift. He spent much of his time in London, where he participated with Pope...
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Links (9)


Cross-listed in Legal

Samuel Parris

bornactivedied
16531673-17111720, Feb 27
the Puritan minister in Salem, Massachusetts during the Salem witch trials. He was also the father of one of the afflicted girls, and the uncle of another. Samuel immigrated to Boston in the early 1660s, where he attended Harvard University at his father's behest. When his father died in 1673, Samuel left Harvard to take up his inheritance in Barbados, where...
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Links (10)


Parthenios

bornactivedied
unknown1764-1770unknown
Metropolitan of Turnovo (1764-1770)* Bulgarian Orthodox Church


Parthenios I [1]

aka: Prochoros
bornactivedied
unknown1678-16881688, Jun 30
Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria for the Greek Orthodox Church (1678-1688). He served as Metropolitan of Nazareth under the name Prochoros. Following the resignation of the Patriarch Paisios of Alexandria he was elected Patriarch and received the name Parthenios. He visited Moldavia and Vlachia to look for money, having been convinced by the Arab governors o...
more
Notes (1)


Parthenios I [2]

bornactivedied
unknown1737-1766unknown
Patriarch (1737-1766)* Patriarchate of Jerusalem


Parthenios II Pankostas

bornactivedied
unknown1780s-1800s1805, Dep 9
Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria for the Greek Orthodox Church (1788-1805). He was born n Patmos. His general church activities are not known. He renovated the ancient Holy Monastery of St George in Old Cairo and re-organized the Patriarchal Library. Following the French conquest of Egypt under the leadership of more
Notes (1)


Parthenius I

bornactivedied
unknown1639-1644unknown
Ecumenical Patriarch (1639-1644)*Church of Constantinople
Notes (1)


Parthenius II

bornactivedied
unknown1640s-1651unknown
the Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople for two periods (1644-1646, 1648-1651). There is very little additional information about the details of his life.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Parthenius III

borndied
unknown1657, Mar 24
the Ecumenical Patriarch of the Church of Constantinople in 1656–1657. In 1657 he was charged with treason by the Ottoman Sultan and hanged, after refusing to abjure his own Christian faith. He is hence revered as New Hieromartyr Parthenius III and his feast day in the Eastern Orthodox Church is March 24.
Links (1)Notes (1)


Parthenius IV

bornactivedied
unknown1655-1685unknown
a 5-time Ecumenical Patriarch for the Church of Constantinople (1657–1659, 1665–1667, 1671, 1675–1676, 1684–1685). Little is known of his early life. He was born in the first half of the seventeenth century, probably in Adrianople. He is also referred to as Mogilalos or Choumchoumis. He became known when he was elected Metropolitan of Prousa (Bursa i...
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Links (1)Notes (1)


Edward Partridge

borndied
1793, Aug 271840, May 27
one of the earliest converts to the Latter Day Saint movement and served as its first Bishop of the Church. Partridge expended much of his wealth in support of the movement before he died in late May, 1840 at Nauvoo, Illinois. Joseph Smith noted that Partridge's ...
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Links (1)


Pope Paul III

aka: Alessandro Farnese
bornactivedied
1468, Feb 291491-15491549, Nov 10
the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 13 October 1534 to his death in 1549. He came to the papal throne in an era following the sack of Rome in 1527 and rife with uncertainties in the Catholic Church following the Protestant Reformation. During his pontificate, and in the spirit of the Counter-Reformation, new Catholic religious orders and societies, ...
more
Timeline (13)Links (1)Notes (1)


Pope Paul IV

aka: Gian Pietro Carafa
bornactivedied
1476, Jun 281505-15591559, Aug 18
the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 23 May 1555 to his death in 1559. While serving as papal nuncio in Spain, he developed an anti-Spanish outlook that later coloured his papacy, and resulted in the Papal States suffering a serious military defeat in the Italian War of 1551–59. As pope his nationalism was a driving force; he used the office to pres...
more
Timeline (3)Links (1)Notes (1)


Pope Paul V

aka: Camillo Borghese
bornactivedied
1552, Sep 171597-16211621, Jan 28
the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 16 May 1605 to his death in 1621. He is best remembered today as the Pope who persecuted Galileo Galilei. Paul's insistence of ecclesiastical jurisdiction led to a number of quarrels between the Church and the secula...
more
Timeline (1)Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Claus Pavels

borndied
1769, Jan 81822, Feb 16
a Norwegian priest and diarist. His diaries from 1812–1822 are an important source for cultural and biographical history. He was the Bishop of the Diocese of Bjørgvin from 1817 until 1822. Pavels was also present at the first defence of a doctorate thesis in Norway, at the University 18 June 1817, when Frederik Holst defended his thesis, "Morbus, quem Rad...
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Links (1)


Melentije Pavlovic

bornactivedied
17761831-18331833
Metropolitan of Serbia (1815–1816, 1831–1833)* Serbian Orthodox Church.
Gallery (2)Notes (2)


Cross-listed in Writers

Cristobal de Pedraza

borndied
14851553
a Spanish bishop. Cristobal de Pedraza, arrived in Puerto Horses on September 13, 1538. In 1545 he started work in the Province of Comayagua (Honduras) with the mission to bring Christianity to the Indians, he was a priest inclined to education and was known as the "Protector of the Indians", his major work is the "Report of the Province of Honduras" which ...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Henry Pendleton

borndied
unknown1557, Sep
an English churchman, a theologian and controversialist. He was born in Manchester, died in London. He was appointed chaplain to Bishop Edmund Bonner, for whom he wrote two homilies: "Of the Church what it is", and "Of the Authority of the Church". He also wrote "Declaration in his sickness of his faith or belief in all points as the Catholic Church teacheth...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

James W.C. Pennington

aka: James William Charles
borndied
1807 ca1870, Oct 22
an African-American orator, minister, writer, and abolitionist active in Brooklyn, New York. He escaped at the age of 19 from slavery in western Maryland and reached New York. After working in Brooklyn and gaining some education, he was admitted to Yale University as its first black student. He completed studies and was ordained as a minister in the Congrega...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Diego Perez de Valdivia

aka: Pérez de Valdivia
borndied
1520/241589, Feb 28
a Spanish disciple of John of Ávila who wrote on lay spirituality. Born in Baeza, Pérez de Valdivia was sent by John of Ávila to study at Salamanca. He taught philosophy at Granada for three years before becoming Professor of Holy Scripture at the University of Baeza from 1549 to 1577. He was archdeacon of Jaén from 1569 to 1574, but subjected to the Inq...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Inventors

Dom Pierre Perignon

aka: Pérignon
borndied
1638, Dec1715, Sep 14
a French Benedictine monk who made important contributions to the production and quality of champagne wine in an era when the region's wines were predominantly still red. Popular myths frequently, but erroneously, credit him with the invention of sparkling champagne, which didn't become the dominant style of Champagne until the mid-19th century. The famous c...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

William Perkins

borndied
15581602
an influential English cleric and Cambridge theologian, receiving both a B.A. and M.A. from the university in 1581 and 1584 respectively, and also one of the foremost leaders of the Puritan movement in the Church of England during the Elizabethan era. Although not entirely accepting of the Church of England's ecclesiastical practices, Perkins conformed to ma...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Perrin

borndied
1558 ca1615, May 9
an English churchman and academic, Regius Professor of Greek at Oxford and one of the translators of the Authorised King James Version of the Bible. He was Regius Professor of Greek from 1597 to 1615. Nominated to the Second Oxford Company of translators by King James, he found it onerous to continue as Regius Professor, and did not fulfil the duties of the ...
more
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Henry Perry [1]

aka: Parry
borndied
1560/611617
a Welsh Anglican priest and linguistic scholar. He obtained various parish positions on Anglesey, in Rhoscolyn, Trefdraeth and Llanfachraeth, also becoming a canon and prebendary of Bangor Cathedral. In addition to his parish work, Perry was a skilled linguist; he was highly regarded by the lexicographer John Davies. He was said by Davies to have worked on t...
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Links (1)


Petar I

bornactivedied
unknown1782-1830unknown
Metropolitan (vladika) (1782-1830)* Montenegrin Orthodox Church


Petar II

bornactivedied
unknown1830-1851unknown
Metropolitan (vladika) (1830–1851)* Montenegrin Orthodox Church


Petar Jovanovic

bornactivedied
unknown1833-1859unknown
Metropolitan of Serbia (1833–1859)* Serbian Orthodox Church


Peter

bornactivedied
unknown1859-1866unknown
Bishop (1859–1866)* Orthodox Church in America


Peter VI

bornactivedied
unknown1718-17261726, Apr 2
104th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark for the Coptic Orthodox Church (1718-1726). There is very little additional information available about the details of his life.
Links (1)


Peter VII

aka: Abba Boutros El-Gawly
bornactivedied
unknown1809-18521852, Apr 15
the 109th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark (1810–1852). He was born in the village of El-Gawly in Upper Egypt, and known as Mankarius while a monk at the Monastery of Saint Anthony on the Red Sea. During his papacy, sensing intimations of pressure from Roman Catholicism, the Coptic Church intensified her teaching, her preaching, and he...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Artists

Matthew William Peters

borndied
17421814, Mar 20
an English portrait and genre painter who later became an Anglican clergyman and chaplain to George IV. He became known as "William" when he started signing his works as "W. Peters". Peters received his artistic training from Robert West in Dublin; in 1756 and 1758 he received prizes from the first School of Design in Dublin. In 1759, he was sent by the Dubl...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Governance

Petar I Petrovic-Njegos

aka: Petrovic-Njegoš
bornactivedied
1747/481782-18301830, Oct 31
the ruler of the Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro as the Metropolitan (vladika) of Cetinje, and Exarch (legate) of the Serbian Orthodox Church throne. He was the most popular spiritual and military leader from the Petrovic dynasty. During his long rule, Petar strengthened the state by uniting the often quarreling tribes, consolidating his control over Monteneg...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in GovernanceWriters

Petar II Petrovic-Njegos

aka: Petrovic-Njegoš
bornactivedied
1813, Nov 11830-18511851, Oct 19
a Prince-Bishop (vladika) of Montenegro, poet and philosopher whose works are widely considered some of the most important in Montenegrin and Serbian literature. Njegoš was born in the village of Njeguši, near Montenegro's then-capital Cetinje. He was educated at several Montenegrin monasteries, and became the country's spiritual and political leader follo...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in MilitaryGovernance

Patriarch Philaret of Moscow

aka: Feodor Nikitich Romanov, Filaret
borndied
15631633, Oct 1
a Russian boyar who after temporary disgrace rose to become patriarch of Moscow as Filaret, and became de facto ruler of Russia during the reign of his son, Mikhail Feodorovich. On the death of the childless tsar, he was the popular candidate for the vacant throne; but he acquiesced in the election of Boris Godunov, and shared the disgrace of his too-powerfu...
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Timeline (2)Links (1)


Philaretos II

bornactivedied
unknown1792-1793unknown
Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1792-1793)* Romanian Orthodox Church


Philaretos I

bornactivedied
unknown1753-1760unknown
Metropolitan of Hungaro-Walachia (1753-1760)* Romanian Orthodox Church


Philexenos II

bornactivedied
unknown1829-1856unknown
Metropolitan (1829–1856)* Malabar Independent Syrian Church


Philimon I

bornactivedied
unknown1766-1767unknown
Patriarch (1766-1767)* Patriarchate of Antioch


Cross-listed in Governance

King Philip II

bornactivedied
1527, May 211540-15981598, Sep 13
King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and during his marriage to Queen Mary I (1554–58) King of England and Ireland. He was also Duke of Milan. From 1555, he was lord of the Seventeen Provinces of the Netherlands. Known in Spain as "Felipe el Prudente" (&Philip the Prude...
more
Timeline (29)Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Naval

Philip of Burgundy

borndied
14641524, Apr 7
Admiral of the Netherlands from 1498 to 1517 and bishop of Utrecht from 1517 to 1524. Philip's politics were not very successful; he left much to his councillors and had trouble keeping himself standing in the midst of the faction-struggles in the bishopric. During his rule the Oversticht was largely lost in the Guelders War between the Empire and Guelders....
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Timeline (2)Links (1)


Philip of Cleves [2]

borndied
1467, Jan 11505, Mar 5
a son of John I, duke of Cleves, and Elizabeth of Nevers. After several minor ecclesiastical posts, Philip was bishop of Nevers from 1500 until his death. He was also bishop of Amiens from 1501 to 1503 and in 1505 he was bishop of Autun for a short time.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Physicians

Obbe Philips

aka: Philipsz, Filips
borndied
1500 ca1568
one of the early founders of Dutch Anabaptism. He was the illegitimate son of a Roman Catholic priest from Leeuwarden. Philips studied medicine, and became a barber and a surgeon. He married in 1530 and set up his business in Leeuwarden. Obbe Philips became interested in the Reformation, and converted to Anabaptism late in 1533. He was probably baptized by B...
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Links (1)


Philotheos

borndied
unknownunknown
Metropolitan of Turnovo (1797-1797)* Bulgarian Orthodox Church


Philotheos [1]

bornactivedied
unknown1714-1718unknown
Archbishop of Ohrid (1714-1718)* Orthodox Church of Macedonia


Philotheos [2]

bornactivedied
unknown1734-1759unknown
Archbishop of Nea Justiniana and All Cypru (1734-1745)* Orthodox Church of Cyprus


Phuntsog Phodrang Jamgon Dorje

bornactivedied
unknown1843-1845unknown
1843-1845, Sakya sect, Throne holder; Buddhism


Cross-listed in Astronomers

Giuseppe Piazzi

borndied
1746, Jul 161826, Jul 22
an Italian Catholic priest of the Theatine order, mathematician, and astronomer. He was born in Ponte in Valtellina, and died in Naples. He established an observatory at Palermo, now the Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo – Giuseppe S. Vaiana. Perhaps his most famous discovery was the first dwarf planet, Ceres.
Timeline (1)Links (1)


Alessandro Piccolomini [1]

bornactivedied
unknown1528-1563unknown
a Roman Catholic prelate who served as Bishop of Pienza (1535-1563) and Bishop of Montalcino (1528-1554). On 20 Nov 1528, Alessandro Piccolomini was appointed during the papacy of Pope Clement VII as Bishop of Montalcino. In 1535, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Paul III as Bishop of Pienza. In 1554, he resigned as Bishop of Montalcino. He served ...
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Links (1)


Ascanio I Piccolomini

bornactivedied
unknown1579-15971597, May 13
On 3 Jul 1579, Ascanio Piccolomini was appointed during the papacy of Pope Gregory XIII as Coadjutor Archbishop of Siena and Titular Archbishop of Rhodus. On 11 Sep 1579, he was consecrated bishop by Spinello Benci, Bishop of Montepulciano, with Claudio Borghese, Bishop of Grosseto, and Francesco Maria Piccolomini, Bishop of Pienza, serving as co-consecrator...
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Links (1)


Ascanio II Piccolomini

bornactivedied
15901629-16711671
the archbishop of Siena from 1629 to 1671. Ascanio was a mathematics pupil of Bonaventura Cavalieri. He hosted Galileo Galilei in Siena. According to Dava Sobel, Galileo's ability "to rise from the ashes of his condemnation by the Inquisition" and complete per...
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Links (1)


Celio Piccolomini

bornactivedied
16091658-16811681, May 24
a man of the Italian Church, created cardinal by Pope Alexander VII at the Consistory of 14 January 1664. He was elected titular archbishop of Cesarea in 1656 and was apostolic nuncio in France from 1656 to 1662, in particular when the Corsican Guard affair broke out in August 1662. In 1664, he was created cardinal-priest in title of S. Pietro in Montorio . ...
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Cross-listed in Educators

Francesco Piccolomini

borndied
1582, Oct 221651, Jun 17
an Italian Jesuit, elected the eighth Superior-General of the Society of Jesus. After Vincenzo Carafa, the 7th Superior General of the Order, died on 8 February 1649, a General Congregation made of representatives of the various Jesuit provinces, met on 21 December of the same year and chose Piccolomini as his successor. He died after eighteen months in offi...
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Links (1)


Girolamo Piccolomini Jr.

bornactivedied
unknown1510-15351535
On 9 Dec 1510, Girolamo Piccolomini was appointed during the papacy of Pope Julius II as both Bishop of Pienza and Bishop of Montalcino, replacing his father of the same name. He served as Bishop of Montalcino until his resignation on 20 Nov 1528. He served as Bishop of Pienza until his death in 1535.
Links (1)


Girolamo Piccolomini Sr.

bornactivedied
unknown1498-1510unknown
On 14 Mar 1498, Girolamo Piccolomini was appointed during the papacy of Pope Alexander VI as both Bishop of Pienza and Bishop of Montalcino. He served as Bishop of Pienza and Bishop of Montalcino until his resignation in favor of his son of the same name, Girolamo Piccolomini (junior), in 1510.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

James Pilkington

borndied
15201576
an English bishop and writer. He was born in Rivington, Lancashire, England. He became the first Protestant Bishop of Durham from 1561 until his death in 1576. He founded Rivington Grammar School and was an Elizabethan author and orator. One of the bishop's chief contributions to protestantism was his interest in education, of which he was a keen promoter.
Links (1)


Pope Pius III

aka: Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini
bornactivedied
1439, May 291459-15031503, Oct 18
the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 22 September 1503 to his death on 18 October 1503. He had one of the shortest pontificates in papal history. He was received as a boy into the household of Aeneas Silvius who permitted him to assume the name and arms of the Piccolomini family (his brother Antonio being made Duke of Amalfi during the pontificate of ...
more
Links (1)Notes (1)


Pope Pius IV

aka: Giovanni Angelo Medici
bornactivedied
1499, Mar 311546-15651565, Dec 9
the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 25 December 1559 to his death in 1565. He is known for presiding over the final session of the Council of Trent. After studying at Bologna and acquiring a reputation as a jurist he obtained his doctorate in both canon and civil law on 11 May 1525. Medici went in 1527 to Rome, and as a favourite of Pope Paul III was...
more
Timeline (1)Links (1)Notes (1)


Pope Pius IX

aka: Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti
bornactivedied
1792, May 131819-18781878, Feb 7
the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 16 June 1846 to his death in 1878. He was the longest-reigning elected pope in the history of the Catholic Church, serving for over 31 years. During his pontificate, Pius IX convened the First Vatican Council (1869–70), which decreed papal infallibility, but the council was cut short due to the loss of the Papal ...
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Timeline (5)Links (1)Notes (1)


Pope Pius V

aka: Antonio Ghislieri, Michele Ghislieri
bornactivedied
1504, Jan 171528-15721572, May 1
the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 8 January 1566 to his death in 1572. He is venerated as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church. He is chiefly notable for his role in the Council of Trent, the Counter-Reformation, and the standardization of the Roman rite within the Latin Church. Pius V declared Thomas Aquinas a Doctor of the Church. As a cardinal,...
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Timeline (4)Links (1)Notes (1)


Pope Pius VI

aka: Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi
bornactivedied
1717, Dec 251755-17991799, Aug 29
the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 15 February 1775 to his death in 1799. Pius VI condemned the French Revolution and the suppression of the Gallican Church; he was later expelled from the Papal States by French troops from 1798 until his death one year later in Valence. His reign is the fourth-longest in papal history, being over two decades. He i...
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Timeline (3)Links (1)Notes (1)


Pope Pius VII

aka: Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti
bornactivedied
1742, Aug 141756-18231823, Aug 20
the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 14 March 1800 to his death in 1823. Chiaramonti was also a monk of the Order of Saint Benedict in addition to being a well known theologian and bishop throughout his life. In 2007, Pope Benedict XVI began the process towards canonizing him as a saint, and he was granted the title Servant of God. One of Pius VII's f...
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Timeline (5)Links (1)Notes (1)


Pope Pius VIII

aka: Francesco Saverio Castiglioni
bornactivedied
1761, Nov 201785-18301830, Nov 30
the Pope for the Roman Catholic Church from 31 March 1829 to his death in 1830. His pontificate was the shortest of all the popes of the 19th century, and is likely the least remembered. As Pope Pius VIII, he initiated some reforms in the states of the Church. On 24 May 1829 he issued an encyclical, Traditi humilitati. Perhaps indicating that the current deb...
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Timeline (1)Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in AstronomersCartographers

Petrus Plancius

borndied
15521622, May 15
a Flemish astronomer, cartographer and clergyman. In 1589 he collaborated with the Amsterdam cartographer Jacob Floris van Langren on a 32.5-cm celestial globe, which, using the sparse information available about southern celestial features, for the first time depicted: Crux the southern cross, Triangulum Australe the southern triangle, and the Magellanic Cl...
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Links (1)


Platon I

bornactivedied
unknown1745-1754unknown
Metropolitan of Moscow (1745-1754)* Russian Orthodox Church


Platon II

bornactivedied
unknown1775-1811unknown
Metropolitan of Moscow (1775–1811)* Russian Orthodox Church


Cross-listed in Writers

William Swan Plumer

bornactivedied
1802, Jul 261834-18801880, Oct 22
an American clergyman, theologian and author who was recognized as an intellectual leader of the Presbyterian Church in the 1800s. Plumer was the minister of several churches during his career. From 1837 to 1845 Plumer was the editor of The Watchman of the South, a weekly Presbyterian newspaper which he had founded while serving as pastor in Richmond. He was...
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Links (5)


Reginald Pole

bornactivedied
1500, Mar 121518-15581558, Nov 17
an English cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and the last Roman Catholic Archbishop of Canterbury, holding the office from 1556 to 1558, during the Counter Reformation. In 1537 Pole, already a deacon, was created a cardinal. Pope Paul III put him in charge of organising assistance for the Pilgrimage of Grace (and related movements), an effort to organise...
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Timeline (4)Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in GovernanceWriters

Melchior de Polignac

bornactivedied
1661, Oct 111683-17421742, Nov 20
a French diplomat, Cardinal and neo-Latin poet. During the last years of Louis XIV, Abbé de Polignac enjoyed the position of Master of the King's Chapel (1713-1716). But during the Regency Polignac became involved in the Cellamare Conspiracy, which attempted to dislodge Philippe d'Orleans from the Regency, and replace him with Philip V of Spain, uncle of th...
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Links (5)


Polykarpos I

bornactivedied
unknown1808-1827unknown
Patriarch (1808–1827)* Patriarchate of Jerusalem


Cross-listed in Writers

John Pomfret

borndied
16671702
an English poet and clergyman. After graduating from Queens' College, Cambridge Pomfret was appointed rector of Maulden in Bedfordshire in 1695. He published a number of poems, and was regarded as significant enough in his time to be included by Samuel Johnson ...
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Links (1)


Henri-Marie Dubreil de Pontbriand

borndied
1708, Jan1760, Jun 8
the sixth bishop of Roman Catholic diocese of Quebec, from a titled family and grew up at the Pontbriand château, (dept. of Ille-et-Vilaine), France. Pontbriand spent some time serving the bishop of Saint-Malo who made him his vicar general. In 1740 he was named bishop of Quebec by Louis XV and this appointment was approved by pope Benedict XIV in March 174...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

John Potter

bornactivedied
1674 ca1737-17471747, Oct 10
the Archbishop of Canterbury for the Church of England from 1737-1747. He was the son of a linen-draper at Wakefield, Yorkshire. At the age of fourteen he entered University College, Oxford, and in 1693 he published notes on Plutarch's De audiendis poetis and Basil's Oratio ad juvenes. In 1694 he was elected fellow of Lincoln College, Oxford and in 1697 his...
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Links (1)Notes (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Robert Potter

borndied
17211804, Aug 9
an English clergyman of the Church of England, translator, poet and pamphleteer. He established the convention of using blank verse for Greek hexameters and rhymed verse for choruses. In 1788, Lewis Bagot, Bishop of Norwich, presented Potter as vicar to the combined parishes of Lowestoft and Kessingland, Suffolk, and as a prebendary of Norwich Cathedral, thr...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Gabriel Powell

borndied
15761611
a Welsh Anglican priest, known for his strident anti-Catholic views. Powell was a strident anti-Catholic and wrote a number of works condemning the Roman Catholic faith and its followers. His writings included Consideration of the Papists (1604), with warnings of the appalling results that would follow if Prince Henry married a Catholic, and Disputationum. ....
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in AstronomersWritersScientists

John Henry Pratt

borndied
1809, Jun 41871, Dec 28
a British clergyman, astronomer and mathematician. A Cambridge Apostle, he joined the British East India Company in 1838 as a chaplain and later became Archdeacon at Calcutta. A gifted mathematician who applied his mind to problems of geodesy and earth science, he was approached by the Surveyor General of India to examine the errors in surveys resulting from...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Parley P. Pratt

bornactivedied
1807, Apr 121830-18571857, May 13
an early leader of the Latter Day Saint movement whose writings became a significant early nineteenth-century exposition of the Latter Day Saint faith. Named in 1835 as one of the first members of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, Pratt was part of the Quorum's successful mission to Great Britain from 1839 to 1841. Pratt has been called "the Apostle Paul of...
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Links (1)


Cross-listed in WritersEducators

John Preston

bornactivedied
1587, Oct1611-16271628, Jul 20
an Anglican cleric and master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge. About 1611, the year in which he commenced M.A., he heard a sermon at St. Mary's from John Cotton, then fellow of Emmanuel, which opened to him a new career. Preston had now taken orders, and become dean and catechist of Queens'. He began a course of sermons which were to form a body of divinity.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Thomas Preston

aka: Roger Widdrington
borndied
15631640, Apr 3
an English Benedictine monk, one of the leaders of the mission to re-establish the Benedictine Order in England after the closure of monasteries during the 16th century. He is also remembered for his writings upholding the cause of James I of England in the allegiance oath controversy.
Links (1)


Cross-listed in Writers

Rhys Prichard

borndied
15791644
a Welsh clergyman and poet. He was vicar of Llandovery in the west of Wales and held various posts at St David's Cathedral. He was known as "Yr Hen Ficer" ("the Old Vicar") Prichard, who was educated at Jesus College, Oxford, composed many poems on religious themes. His greatest fame lies with his influential poem Cannwyll y Cymry (usually translated as The ...
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Links (1)


Procopius I

bornactivedied
17341759-17891803/04
the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople for the Church of Constantinople during the period 1785-1789. When he was 12 years old he followed his older brother, Neophytus, metropolitan bishop of Ganos and Chora (Eastern Thrace), who helped him finish basic education. Later he ordained him deacon and presbyter, and when he died in 1759, Procopius succeeded hi...
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Links (1)Notes (1)


Prokopios I

bornactivedied
unknown1787-1788unknown
Patriarch (1787-1788)* Patriarchate of Jerusalem


Cross-listed in Writers

Pacifique de Provins

borndied
15881648
a French Capuchin Father of the 17th century. He established a French mission in Isfahan in 1627 with the agreement of Cardinal de Richelieu and P?re Joseph, and the benevolence of Shah Abbas I of Persia. Pacifique de Provins relied on the help of an Armenian named Khajah Muchaq to obtain an agreement from the Shah. Results were minimum however in increasing...
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Links (1)


Samuel Provoost

bornactivedied
17421766-17951815, Sep 6
an American Clergyman. He was the first Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of New York, as well as the third (possibly the second) Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church, USA, from 1792-1795. He declined to serve as delegate to the Continental Congress, though his patriotic impulses led him to join his neighbors in their pursuit of the British after the bur...
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Links (1)

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