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Before the advent of photography, if you wanted a picture of something or someone, you had to draw it yourself -- or hire someone to do it for you. Artists (at least the good ones) could make a good living painting portraits, cityscapes, scenes of commoners, or still lifes; and also preserving for us the particulars of their lives, the styles of their clothes and houses and the details of their world. Here are some whose works have lived beyond their lifetimes.
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Lodewijk de Vadder

borndied
16051655
a Flemish Baroque landscape painter, draughtsman, engraver and tapestry designer. He came from a family of painters. He became a master of the Brussels Guild of St. Luke in 1628. In 1644 he obtained from the Brussels city authorities a privilege to make tapestry cartoons. He made cartoons principally for the Brussels weaving workshops of Jan Cordijs and Boud...
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Perino del Vaga

borndied
15011547
an Italian painter of the Late Renaissance/Mannerism. A pupil and assistant of Raphael Sanzio in Rome, he carried out decorations in the Logge of the Vatican from Raphael's designs
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Frederik van Valckenborch

borndied
15661623
a Flemish painter and draughtsman known for his imaginary landscapes with figures executed in a late Mannerist style. His drawings are more realistic and demonstrate an impulse towards topographical accuracy. He was mainly active in Germany.
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Gillis van Valckenborch

borndied
15701622
a Flemish Baroque painter. Like the rest of his family, he is known for landscapes, but was also proficient at figures. His works are displayed at e.g. the Grohmann Museum in Milwaukee, and Kadriorg Palace (part of the Art Museum of Estonia) in Tallinn, Estonia.


Lucas van Valckenborch

borndied
15401597
a Flemish painter of mainly landscapes, portraits and allegorical scenes. His landscapes generally followed the conventions of composition, with panoramic scenes from a high viewpoint. He relied, however, more on first-hand observation of nature and he made paintings of actual places, rather than the fantastic landscapes of other Flemish landscape painters. ...
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Marten van Valckenborch

borndied
15351612
a Flemish Renaissance painter. He was the father of the painters Frederik and Gillis van Valckenborch, and the uncle of Lucas van Valckenborch (though they were close in age). He was registered in Antwerp in 1565, Aachen in 1566-1573, back in Antwerp in the years 1584-1585, and Frankfurt from 1586 onwards.
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Werner van den Valckert

borndied
1585 ca1644?
a Dutch Golden Age painter and engraver. He painted a series of 4 paintings showing a doctor as angel, Christ, a man, and the devil; these were all based on engravings by Goltzius. These paintings are now in the possession of the Boerhaave Museum, which has other similar series on display. He also made a series of 4 paintings about relief for the poor, now i...
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Lucas de Valdes

aka: Valdés
borndied
16611724
a Spanish painter and engraver of the Baroque period, active in Seville. He became mathematical master of the Marine College at Cádiz, but continued the exercise of the pencil and graver until his death there. He also painted pictures of Saints and portraits, several of which he engraved; among them were the portraits of Father Francisca Tamariz and of the ...
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Juan de Valdes Leal

aka: Valdés Leal
borndied
16221690
a Spanish painter and etcher of the Baroque era. Among his works are History of the Prophet Elias for the church of the Carmelites; Martyrdom of St. Andrew for the church of San Francesco in Córdoba; and Triumph of the Cross for la Caridad in Seville. Several of his paintings treat the subjects of vanitas, transience and mortality.
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Cross-listed in ComposersWriters

Giuseppe Valentini

aka: Straccioncino
borndied
1681, Dec 141753, Nov
an Italian violinist, painter, poet, and composer, though he is known chiefly as a composer of inventive instrumental music. He studied under Giovanni Bononcini in Rome between 1692 and 1697. From 1710 to 1727 he served as ‘Suonator di Violino, e Componitore di Musica’ to Prince Michelangelo Caetani. He also succeeded Corelli as director of the concertin...
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Dirk Valkenburg

borndied
16751721
a Dutch Golden Age painter. In 1698 he worked in Vienna for the Prince of Liechtenstein, and from 1706-1707 he travelled to Surinam to draw the native plants and birds for the wealthy city secretary of Amsterdam, Jonas Witsen, who owned a plantation there and whom he met through his teacher Musscher. He is known for exotic landscapes, paintings of birds, and...
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Anne Vallayer-Coster

borndied
17441818
an 18th-century French painter best known for still lifes. She achieved fame and recognition very early in her career, being admitted to the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture in 1770, at the age of twenty-six. Despite the low status that still life painting had at this time, Vallayer-Coster’s highly developed skills, especially in the depiction ...
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Pedro Nunez del Valle

aka: Pedro Núñez
borndied
15971649
a Spanish painter of the Baroque era. According to Antonio Palomino he was born in Madrid were he lived and worked for the rest of his life after studying in Rome. He was one of the painters concerned in drawing the pictures of the Kings in the Salon de la Comedias.
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Pieter Jansz van Asch

bornactivedied
1602/031623-1670s1678, Jun
a Dutch Golden Age painter. He was born at Delft, the son of the portrait painter Jan van Asch and joined the Guild of St. Luke in 1623. He specialized in small landscapes, but his productivity was hampered by caring for his parents. The city of Delft paid him 100 guilders for a schoorsteenstuk or overmantel piece in the City Hall known as the Prinsenhof. H...
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Hendrick van Balen

borndied
15751632
a Flemish Baroque painter and stained glass designer. He played an important role in the renewal of Flemish painting in the early 17th century and was one of the teachers of Anthony van Dyck. Hendrick van Balen also painted mythological or biblical scenes on small plates or copper plates. His works often included nude figures in a mythological or religious s...
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Hendrick van Balen the Younger

borndied
16231661
a Flemish painter. Hendrick van Balen the Younger was principally a history painter. He travelled extensively and resided in Tours from 1645 to 1648, in Rome in January 1653 and in Genua in November 1653. He was recorded in France until 1661 and returned home to Antwerp shortly before his death. He seems to have had difficulty supporting himself from his art...
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Jan van Balen

borndied
16111654
a Flemish Baroque painter. In each of his pictures, the style of his country is discernible; although his colouring and pencil are considered excellent, he was inattentive to the correctness of his outline. He generally painted cabinet pictures, although he sometimes attempted larger works, in which he was less successful.
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Cross-listed in Architects

Bartholomeus van Bassen

borndied
15901652
a Dutch Golden Age painter and architect. Van Bassen was the illegitimate son of Cornelis van Bassen who lived and died in The Hague. Little is known of his early life, he became a member of the Delft Guild of St. Luke in 1613. In 1638 he became city architect of the Hague.
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Jan Karel Donatus van Beecq

borndied
16381722, Apr
a Dutch marine painter, active in England and later in France, where he became a member of the Academy in 1681.His earliest dated work, a capriccio view of Antwerp was painted in 1673. His paintings usually depict warships and battles out at sea, or scenes of harbours with palatial classical buildings standing directly on the waterfront. Most of his pictures...
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Albertus van Beest

borndied
1820, Jun 131860, Aug 8
a Dutch painter, draftsman and lithographer , known especially for his seascapes. In the summers of 1843 and the two following years he made with Prince Henry , brother of King William III , some long trips with the Navy to the Mediterranean Sea and the North. He also visited Morocco and Iceland . In 1844 he traveled along the coasts of South America . Many ...
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Abraham van Beijeren

aka: Abraham van Bergaren, Abraham van Beyeren
borndied
1620 ca1690, Mar
a Dutch Baroque painter. Little recognized in his day, he is now considered one of the most important painters of still lifes, and in particular still lifes of fish and so-called 'pronkstillevens', i.e. still lifes of luxurious objects. Van Beijeren’s initial works were marine and fish still life paintings. These were not very well paid at the time and the...
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Jan van Bijlert

borndied
1597/981671, Nov
a Dutch painter whose style was influenced initially by Caravaggio. Jan van Bijlert was a very prolific painter who left some 200 pictures. Upon his return from Rome he, like other Utrecht artists who had come under the influence of Caravaggio's work, painted in a...
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Jan Frans van Bloemen

borndied
1662, May1749, Jun
a Flemish landscape painter mainly active in Rome. Here he was able to establish himself as the leading painter of views (vedute) of the Roman countryside depicted in the aesthetic of the classical landscape tradition. Van Bloemen predominantly painted classical landscapes, taking his inspiration from the Roman Campagna. His landscapes, with their recession ...
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Norbert van Bloemen

aka: Cefalus, Cephalos
borndied
16701746
a Flemish painter and draughtsman who worked mainly in Italy and the Dutch Republic. He is known for his Italianizing landscapes and genre scenes reminiscent of the style of the low-life paintings of the Bamboccianti. He also painted portraits and some history paintings. Norbert never seems to have been able to achieve the same level of success as his prolif...
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Pieter van Bloemen

aka: Standaart, Peter, Peeter
borndied
1657, Jan1720, Mar 6
a Flemish painter. He was a gifted landscape and animal painter and was very successful with his compositions depicting equestrian, animal and market scenes. A prolific painter, van Bloemen was at his best painting animals, although he also produced a wide range of landscape, genre, equestrian, military and history scenes. He carried on the tradition of Ital...
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Elias Pieter van Bommel

borndied
1819, Jan 261890, Jun 2
a Dutch painter. He was especially known for his romantic cityscapes. Van Bommel studied at the State Academy Amsterdam with the landscape painter Andrew Roth. He worked in the style of romanticism. Influenced by Roth himself he initially painted mostly landscapes. He also made river and beach scenes. In 1850, however, he switched to refined elaborate citysc...
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Jan Willem van Borselen

borndied
1825, Sep 201892, Sep 24
a Dutch landscape painter, often associated with the Hague School. At the age of thirteen, he presented his first landscape at one of his father's exhibitions in Groningen and would continue to exhibit frequently throughout his life. In 1855, he moved to The Hague, seeking a more affluent clientele, and joined the Pulchri Studio. During his time at the studi...
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Anthonie van Borssom

borndied
1631, Jan 21677, Mar 19
a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter. According to the Netherlands Institute for Art History (RKD), he was an Italianate landscape painter who copied the works of popular landscape painters of his day in Amsterdam such as Jacob van Ruisdael, Paulus Potter, Aelbe...
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Alexander van Bredael

borndied
1663, Apr 11720, Jul 14
a Flemish painter known for Italianate landscapes and genre scenes of fairs, cattle markets and villages. He was a prominent member of the Antwerp artistic family van Bredael. Alexander van Bredael painted in a wide variety of genres including cattle market scenes, Italianate landscapes and village scenes. He is probably best known for his depiction of festi...
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Jan Frans van Bredael the Elder

borndied
1686, Apr 11750, Feb 19
a Flemish painter known for his landscapes, battle scenes and equestrian paintings. In his lifetime Bredael enjoyed an excellent reputation and King Louis XV of France is reported to have commissioned four works from him. Jan Frans van Bredael painted in a variety of genres including history and religious painting. However, he is best known for his landscape...
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Jan Pieter van Bredael the Younger

aka: Jan Peeter
borndied
1683, Jul 271735
a Flemish painter known for his cavalry battle scenes and landscapes with genre scenes of village festivals and fairs. Jan Pieter van Bredael was born into an artist family in Antwerp as the eldest son of Joris van Bredael and Johanna Maria van Diepenbeeck. His father, his grandfather Peeter van Bredael as well as his uncles Jan Frans van Bredael and Jan Pee...
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Joris van Bredael

borndied
1661, Jan 11706 ca
a Flemish painter known for his cityscapes and battle scenes. He was a member of the prominent artistic family van Bredael. He was born in Antwerp into an artist family as the second son of Peeter van Bredael, a well-known painter specializing in market scenes and village feasts set in Italianate landscapes. His mother was An Veldener, the daughter of the sc...
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Joseph van Bredael

aka: Jozef, Josef
borndied
1688, Aug 141739, Apr 2
a Flemish painter known for Italianate landscapes and genre scenes of fairs, cattle markets and villages. Joseph Bredael painted mostly landscapes and battles and made both copies and pastiches of compositions of 17th-century painters who were still popular in the 18th century such as Jan Brueghel the Elder, Philips Wouwerman and Claude. He paid particular a...
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Peeter van Bredael

aka: Pieter van Bredael, Peter van Breda, Peter van Bredael
borndied
16291719, Mar
a Flemish painter specializing in market scenes and village feasts set in Italianate landscapes or contemporary, usually, urban environments. He mainly painted Roman cattle markets amidst a landscape of buildings, often ruins from Antiquity, Italian pastoral landscapes and less often battle pieces. He also depicted genre scenes such as village festivals, pro...
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Quiringh van Brekelenkam

borndied
1622/291669/1679
a Dutch Baroque genre painter. Very little information is available about his life. He probably studied under Gerard Dou, and as a result his paintings from the 1640s and 1650s are similar to those of the Leiden fijnschilders.
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Jan Gerritsz van Bronckhorst

aka: Bronchorst, Bronkhorst
borndied
16031661
a Dutch Golden Age painter and engraver. He is considered today to be a minor member of the Utrecht Caravaggisti. apprenticed as an eleven-year-old with the glass engraver Verburgh in Utrecht. He worked with him for 6 months and worked with two other Utrecht glassworkers before embarking on a Grand Tour in 1620. He did not get far before he was offered work ...
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Jan van Buken

aka: van Beucken
borndied
16351690
a Flemish painter mainly known for his genre paintings and still lifes. Jan van Buken was born in Antwerp. He became a master in the Guild of Saint Luke in 1658 where he was registered under the name 'Jan van Beucken'. In the period from 1666 to 1682 he worked in Rome while regularly travelling back to Antwerp. He returned to live in Antwerp after the death ...
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Cross-listed in Architects

Jacob van Campen

borndied
1596, Feb 21657, Sep 13
a Dutch artist and architect of the Golden Age. Being of noble birth and with time on his hands, he took up painting mainly as a pastime. Van Campen's first known building was the Coymans house built in 1625 in Amsterdam. Van Campen worked as an architect, a painter and a designer of decorative schemes, like that for the church organ in Alkmaar. His art also...
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Cornelis van Cleve

aka: van Cleef, Sotte Cleef
borndied
15201567
a Netherlandish painter. He was the son of Joos van Cleve. From a 1604 writing by Karel van Mander, in which he is misnamed Joos van Cleef geheeten den Sotten Cleef, we learn that Sotte Cleef moved to England around 1555, where he managed to get some commission from the royal court. His painting L'adoration des mages, descends from the tradition of Joos van ...
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Hendrick van Cleve III

aka: Hendrik
borndied
1525 ca1593 ca
a Flemish painter and engraver. He was the son and pupil of Willem van Cleve the Elder, and the elder brother of Marten van Cleve the Elder and of Willem Van Cleve the Younger. He is called "the third" to differentiate him from Hendrik van Cleve I (registered as a master of the Guild of St. Luke 1489/90) and Hendrick II (Guild of St. Luke, 1534), about whom ...
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Joos van Cleve

aka: Joos van der Beke
bornactivedied
1485 ca1510s-1540154041
a painter active in Antwerp around 1511 to 1540. He is known for combining traditional Netherlandish painting techniques with influences of more contemporary Renaissance painting styles. An active member and co-deacon of the Guild of Saint Luke of Antwerp, he is known mostly for his religious works and portraits of royalty. As a skilled technician, his art s...
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Marten van Cleve

borndied
1527 ca1581, Nov
a Flemish painter and draftsman active in Antwerp between 1551 and 1581. Van Cleve is mainly known for his genre scenes with peasants and landscapes, which show a certain resemblance with the work of Pieter Bruegel the Elder. Marten van Cleve was one of the leading Flemish artists of his generation. His subjects and compositions were an important influence o...
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Cornelis van Dalem

borndied
15301573/6
a Flemish painter and draughtsman active in Antwerp in the middle of the 16th century and an important contributor to the development of landscape art in the Low Countries. Only a few works by Cornelis van Dalem are known. The majority of these are landscapes. His oeuvre also includes a few genres scenes and possibly an architectural painting of a church int...
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Jan van de Cappelle

aka: Joannes, van der Cappelle
borndied
16261679
a Dutch Golden Age painter of seascapes and winter landscapes, also notable as an industrialist and art collector. He is "now considered the outstanding marine painter of 17th century Holland". His marine paintings usually show estuary or river scenes rather than the open sea, and the water is always very calm, allowing it to act as a mirror reflecting the c...
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Adriaen van de Velde

borndied
1636, Nov1672, Jan
a Dutch animal and landscape painter, son of Willem van de Velde the Elder and brother of Willem van de Velde the Younger, the marine painter. Adriaen did not want to become a marine painter so he was trained in the studio of Jan Wynants, the landscape painter. There he made the acquaintance of Philip Wouwerman, who is believed to have aided him in his studi...
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Esaias van de Velde

borndied
1587, May1630, Nov
a Dutch landscape painter. Van de Velde had been influenced by the German painter Adam Elsheimer to develop his paintings in a more naturalistic direction than his tutor, and to adopt a low viewpoint and a triangular composition. In addition to landscapes, Esaias van de Velde also painted genre and military paintings. He died in The Hague
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Jan van de Velde [1]

borndied
15931641, Nov 1
a Dutch Golden Age painter and engraver of animal, landscape and still-life subjects. He was the son of Jan van de Velde the Elder and the father of the still life painter Jan Jansz van de Velde. In 1616, he drew several scenes of Haarlem as a series of 26 landscape prints. The success of this venture led him to expand it thirty years later to 60 prints, mos...
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Jan Jansz van de Velde [3]

borndied
16201662, Jul 10
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Van de Velde was born in Haarlem. According to the RKD he was taught to paint by his father Jan van de Velde, but his still lifes show the influence of the Haarlem still life painter Willem Claesz Heda. He was active in Haarlem, in Amsterdam (in 1642 where he was married), and in Enkhuizen (the year of his death). Around 1620 he (...
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Peter van de Velde

borndied
16341723+
a Flemish Baroque marine painter who lived well into the 18th century. He was born in Antwerp where he became a master of the Guild of St. Luke in 1654. Between 1666 and 1680 he is recorded in the guild as having pupils. Between 1668 and 1675 he is recorded producing 50 paintings as dozijnschilder for the Antwerp art dealers Forchondt, who exported these to ...
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Willem van de Velde the Elder

borndied
1611 ca1693, Dec 13
a Dutch Golden Age seascape painter. He was the official artist of the Dutch fleet for a period. In his work on the biographies of artists, Arnold Houbraken quotes Gerard Brandt's biography of Admiral Michiel de Ruyter, relating the anecdote where Willem van ...
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Willem van de Velde the Younger

borndied
1633, Dec1707, Apr 6
a Dutch marine painter. Most of Van de Velde's finest works represent views off the coast of Holland, with Dutch shipping. His best productions are delicate, spirited and finished in handling, and correct in the drawing of the vessels and their rigging. The numerous figures are tellingly introduced, and the artist is successful in his renderings of sea, whet...
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Adriaen Pietersz van de Venne

borndied
15891662, Nov 12
a versatile Dutch Golden Age painter of allegories, genre subjects and portraits, as well as a miniaturist, book-illustrator and designer of political satires and a versifier. From 1620 until his death van de Venne made many grisailles and engravings of genre subjects, featuring peasants, beggars, thieves and fools as illustrations of current proverbs and sa...
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Dirck van Delen

borndied
1605 ca1671, May 16
a Dutch Golden Age painter who specialized in architectural painting. Van Delen's work consists almost entirely of architectural paintings of imaginary palaces and church interiors. His earliest paintings of palace scenes were influenced significantly by the work of Hans Vredeman de Vries and his son Paul Vredeman de Vries. He also painted church interiors, ...
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Christoffel van den Berghe

borndied
1590 ca1645 ca
a Flemish-born Dutch Golden Age painter of landscapes and flower still lifes. Very little is know about van den Berghe and he was only rediscovered as an independent artist in the 1950s when some works formerly attributed to other artists were reattributed to him. It is believed that he was born in Antwerp and that his family left Flanders to settle in Midde...
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Balthasar van den Bossche

borndied
16811715
a Flemish painter who is mainly known for his wide range of genre subjects and occasional portraits. While van den Bossche’s works include the occasional individual and group portrait, the bulk of his output explored the various genre subjects that had been introduced in Flemish and Dutch painting in the 17th century. The preferred subjects of his genre pa...
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Chrispijn van den Broeck

aka: Crispin
borndied
15241591
Dutch artist


Elias van den Broeck

borndied
16491708, Feb
a Dutch Golden Age flower painter. in 1665 he became a pupil of Cornelis Kick in Amsterdam, and in 1669 he became a pupil of Jan Davidsz. de Heem in Utrecht. He is registered in a document stating his intention to go to Italy in 1672 (which may not have taken place). In 1673 he accompanied De Heem to Antwerp, where he became a master in the Guild of St. Luke...
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Cross-listed in Sculptors

Hendrick van den Broeck

aka: Arrigo Fiammingo
borndied
1530 ca1597, Sep 28
a Flemish painter of the late-Renaissance or Mannerist period, active mainly in Italy. Van den Broeck was born in Mechelen. Crispin van den Broeck was his brother. Hendrick was a pupil of Frans Floris and is also known as Hendricus Malinus. He is known as a sculptor as well as a painter and worked in Naples, Florence, Umbria, and Rome. He worked with more
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Gerbrand van den Eeckhout

borndied
1621, Aug 111674, Sep 29
a Dutch Golden Age painter and a favourite student of Rembrandt. He was also an etcher, an amateur poet, a collector and an adviser on art. Gerbrand was born in Amsterdam, the son of a jeweller, a Mennonite who fled after 1585 from Antwerp to the north. His earlie...
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Gaspar van den Hoecke

aka: Caspar Hoecke
borndied
15851641
a Flemish Baroque painter of small devotional cabinet pieces in the manner of Frans Francken II. His sons Robert and Jan van den Hoecke were also painters.
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Jan van den Hoecke

borndied
16111651
a Flemish painter, draughtsman and designer of wall tapestries. He was one of the principal assistants in Rubens’ studio in the 1630s, later traveled to Italy where he resided for a decade and subsequently worked as a court painter in Vienna and Brussels.
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Robert van den Hoecke

borndied
16221668
a Flemish Baroque painter and engraver of principally battle scenes in the manner of Pieter Snayers as well as of landscape paintings and still lifes. Some thirty paintings by Robert van den Hoecke are conserved in public museums of which only two are dated – a Winter Landscape in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna (1649) and a Military Camp in the Musé...
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Balthasar van der Ast

borndied
15931657
a Dutch Golden Age painter who specialized in still lifes of flowers and fruit, as well as painting a number of remarkable shell still lifes; he is considered to be a pioneer in the genre of shell painting. His still lifes often contain insects and lizards. He was born in Middelburg and died at Delft.
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Jan Anton van der Baren

borndied
16151687
a Flemish painter, draughtsman, priest and museum curator active in Brussels and Vienna. Van der Baren is regarded as an amateur painter since he did not paint professionally but was principally a priest and a court official. Not many works of him are known. There are 14 paintings accepted as authentic, some of them signed and dated. Most of the works are st...
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Josse van der Baren

aka: Joost, Jodocus
borndied
1550 ca1615 ca
a Flemish painter of history paintings and a draughthsman active in the Leuven area around the turn of the 17th century. Josse van der Baren mainly painted religious altarpieces on panel. His work is preserved in and near Leuven, including in Leuven’s St Peter's Church, the Park Abbey in Heverlee and the St Laurentius Church in Veltem. At the time, many Fl...
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Hendrik van der Borcht the Elder

borndied
15831651, Jul 26
a Flemish engraver and still life painter of flowers and fruit, who was mainly active in Germany. Van der Borcht was born in Brussels. Troubles in the Low Countries obliged his family to move to Germany in 1586. By 1598 they had settled at Frankenthal, where he became a pupil of the Flemish emigre Gillis van Valkenborch. Between 1604 and 1610 he was in Italy...
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Pieter van der Borcht the Elder

borndied
1540 ca1608
a Flemish Renaissance painter, draughtsman and etcher. He is regarded as one of the most gifted botanical painters of the 16th century. The subjects of his work are genre, historical and religious themes. There is some debate as to whether works executed under the name Pieter van der Borcht were made by a single artist or several artists with the same name. ...
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Pieter van der Borcht the Younger

borndied
16041631
Van der Borcht was born and died in Brussels, according to Cornelis de Bie's work on painters called Het Gulden Cabinet. Also according to de Bie, he first painted figures, then switched to landscapes. According to the RKD one landscape by him is signed "Vborcht", and another is documented as signed "Peeter van der Borcht van Brussel in Ausborch. 1615".
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Adriaan van der Burg

borndied
16931733
an 18th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands. Van der Burg was born and died in Dordrecht. According to Jan van Gool he was the pupil of Arnold Houbraken and accompanied him to Amsterdam where he completed his education before returning to Dordrecht,...
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Dirk van der Burg

borndied
1721, Aug 101773, Jul 2
a Dutch 18th century artist, landscape painter and watercolourist. He drew landscapes, some of which are currently in the Centraal Museum of Utrecht. He made especially sketches and drawings of towns, villages and castles, but also portraits. His works include landscapes of the Utrecht region: Leerdam (1743) and in 1749: Hagestein, Vianen, Tiel, Rijswijk and...
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Hendrick van der Burgh

borndied
16271666 ca
a Dutch Golden Age genre painter. According to the RKD he was born in Delft and is a member of the same "school" or artistic style as Pieter de Hooch, showing simple intimate scenes of daily life in towns. Though no evidence for a such a school exists, the artists whose works fall into this category are considered by the RKD to be Esaias Boursse, Hendrick va...
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Gommaert van der Gracht

borndied
1590 ca1639
a Flemish painter and draughtsman mainly known for his still life and landscape paintings. Gommaert van der Gracht specialised in landscapes and still lifes. His still lifes include market and kitchen pieces as well as fruit and game pieces. He often set his still lifes in landscapes. He also painted genre scenes. Very few works by his hand were known to exi...
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Joris van der Haagen

borndied
16151669
a Dutch Golden Age painter who specialized in landscapes, especially his views of various cities in the eastern part of the Netherlands. Sometimes he collaborated with other painters, who painted figures in his landscapes.
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Juan van der Hamen

borndied
15961631
a Spanish painter, a master of still life paintings, also called bodegones. Prolific and versatile, he painted allegories, landscapes, and large-scale works for churches and convents. Today he is remembered mostly for his still lifes, a genre he popularized in 1620s Madrid.
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Bartholomeus van der Helst

borndied
16131670
a Dutch portrait painter. Along with the portraits for which he is most famous, Van der Helst painted a few historical, biblical and mythological scenes.
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Jan van der Heyden

borndied
16371712
a Dutch Baroque-era painter, draughtsman, printmaker, a mennonite and inventor who significantly contributed to contemporary firefighting. He improved the fire hose in 1672, with his brother Nicolaes, who was a hydraulic engineer. He modified the manual fire engines, reorganised the volunteer fire brigade (1685) and wrote and illustrated the first firefighti...
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Christoffel Jacobsz van der Laemen

borndied
16071651
a Flemish Baroque painter. According to Houbraken he specialized in gezelschappen; portraits of ladies and gentlemen enjoying music or conversation in interior settings. According to the RKD he married Maria Michielsen in 1642 and the painters Paul Rijckaert and Adriaen Michielsen were witnesses. In 1636 he became wine-master of the Guild of St. Luke. He was...
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Dirck van der Lisse

borndied
1607, Aug 61669, Jan
a Dutch Golden Age painter. In 1644 he became a member of the Hague painter's guild. His early paintings were frequently landscapes with nymphs, coming close to the style his master used around 1630, and even sometimes being mistaken for Van Poelenburch's at auctions. However, many displayed a distinctive style, which consisted of emptier, more horizontal co...
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Barend van der Meer

borndied
16591700
a Dutch Golden Age still life painter. Van der Meer was born and died in Haarlem. According to the RKD he was taught by his father Jan van der Meer I and became a member of the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke in 1681. In 1683 he married and moved to Amsterdam. He was a follower of Willem Kalf and is known for still-life paintings and vanitas pieces. He was the bro...
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Jan Baptist van der Meiren

borndied
16641704 ca
a Flemish painter specializing in small, usually animated landscapes, harbour views and battle scenes with numerous figures. There are no details on his training. He was admitted as a master in the Antwerp Guild of Saint Luke in 1685. Despite a lack of documentary evidence, some historians have speculated that he may have visited Italy since his work display...
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Adam Frans van der Meulen

borndied
1632, Jan 111690, Oct 15
a Flemish Baroque painter specialising in battle scenes. He was active first in Brussels, where he was a pupil of Pieter Snayers, and from the 1660s onwards in Paris. Van der Meulen was trained by the Belgian court painter Pieter Snayers of Brussels. His first work as an independent artist was done in Brussels. He painted genre and history pieces. He joined ...
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Steven van der Meulen

bornactivedied
unknown1540s-15641564
a Flemish artist. He gained prominence in England in the first decade of the reign of Elizabeth I as one of many Flemish artists active at the Tudor court. He is best known for the "Barrington Park" portrait type of Elizabeth I and for three-quarter length portraits of members of the English court in the first half of the 1560s. A recently discovered will in...
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Herman van der Mijn

aka: Heroman van der Myn
borndied
16841741
an 18th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands. According to the RKD he learned to paint flowers from Ernst Stuven, and became a master of the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke in 1712, and the following year court painter to Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine. He took the family of Jan van Nickelen in tow to Dusseldorp, where they painted at court, and Van der...
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Aert van der Neer

borndied
1603 ca1677, Nov 9
a landscape painter of the Dutch Golden Age, specializing in small night scenes lit only by moonlight and fires, and snowy winter landscapes, both often looking down a canal or river. He was a contemporary of Albert Cuyp and Meindert Hobbema, and like the latter he lived and died in comparative obscurity.
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Eglon van der Neer

borndied
1635/361703, May 3
a Dutch painter of historical scenes, portraits and elegant, fashionable people, and later of landscapes. During his Amsterdam and Rotterdam period, van der Neer primarily painted genre scenes and portraits that betray a stunning variety of styles.
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Egbert Lievensz van der Poel

borndied
16211664
a Dutch Golden Age genre and landscape painter, son of a Delft goldsmith. He may possibly have been a student of Esaias van de Velde and of Aert van der Neer. According to the RKD he was the brother of the painter Adriaen Lievensz van der Poel and a student of Cornelis Saftleven in Rotterdam. Van der Poel was registered with the Guild of St Luke in Delft on ...
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Jacob van der Ulft

borndied
16271690
a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter, architect, and mayor. he became the best glass painter of his century, who went to great trouble to reinvent the techniques of Dirk Crabeth and his brother Wouter. Gorinchem and the surrounding towns all had examples of his stained glass work.
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Vincent Jansz van der Vinne

borndied
17361811
a Dutch 18th century painter and the great-grandson of Vincent van der Vinne. According to the RKD he was a pupil of his father Jan Laurentsz van der Vinne, who made botanical paintings of flowers for bulb growers in Haarlem. He became a member of the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke in 1754. He is known for Italianate landscapes and flower still lifes, and also cr...
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Willem van der Vliet

borndied
1584 ca1642, Dec 6
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Van der Vliet was born and died in Delft. According to Houbraken his paintings are historical allegories and portraits. Records of his paintings are noted by the Delft history writer (unspecified Stads schryver). He had his nephew Hendrick Cornelisz. van Vliet as his pupil, who painted historical scenes in architectural perspectiv...
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Adriaen van der Werff

borndied
16591722
an accomplished Dutch painter of portraits and erotic, devotional and mythological scenes. His brother, Pieter van der Werff (1661–1722), was his principal pupil and assistant. Van der Werff became one of the most lauded Dutch painters of his day, gaining a European reputation and an enormous fortune. more
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Pieter van der Werff

borndied
16651722
a Dutch Golden Age painter. He assisted his older brother, Adriaen van der Werff. He learned to paint from his brother Adriaen and according to the RKD, he spent most of his life working in Rotterdam, where he painted the rich and famous.
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Goswin van der Weyden

borndied
14551543
a Flemish Renaissance painter active in Lier, Belgium and Antwerp. He was born in Brussels and was the grandson of Rogier van der Weyden. His works hang in various churches and museums near where he lived. From 1503 to 1530 he was registered in the Guild of St. Luke in Antwerp, where he died.
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Abraham van Diepenbeeck

borndied
1596, May1675, May-Sep
an erudite and accomplished Dutch painter of the Flemish School. After having received a classical education, he became a pupil and assistant of Peter Paul Rubens. He handled mythological and historical subjects, as well as portraits, with great skill and vigor and was a good, sound colourist. He went to Antwerp about 1629 and made his first successes in pai...
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Philip van Dijk

borndied
1683, Jan 101753, Feb 2
an 18th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands. According to the RKD, he was a student of Arnold Boonen in Amsterdam, but became a student of Adriaen van der Werff in Rotterdam, where he married in 1708. Later the same year, he became a member of the Guild of St. Luke in Middelburg. In 1718 he became a member of the Confrerie Pictura, where he became ...
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Dionys van Dongen

borndied
17481819
a Dutch painter. He was born in Dordrecht and died in Rotterdam. Van Dongen was initially taught by his father who was also an artist. Very little is known about the details of his life. He painted primarily marine art and genre art. In 1771 he settled in Rotterdam and painted flower still-lifes and landscapes. He often painted copies of old masters.
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Jan Frans van Douven

borndied
1656, Mar 21727
a Southern Netherlandish portrait painter belonging to the Dutch Leyden School. Born in Roermond, he spent most of his life as Court painter in Düsseldorf, now in Germany, where he created most of his works. When his cousin, the painter Chistopher Puitlink, returned from his Rome journey, the young Johan studied with him. His work was noticed by Don Jan Del...
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Simon Johannes van Douw

bornactivedied
1630 ca1654-16771687 ca
a Flemish painter and draughtsman. His work ranges from Italianizing landscapes, equestrian skirmishes and battles to cattle market and hunting scenes. He worked in Antwerp, Middelburg and Rotterdam. Initially he mainly painted cavalry skirmishes and battles. Later he changed to the subjects of horse and cattle market and hunting scenes. His early works are ...
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Egbert van Drielst

borndied
1745, Mar 121818, Jun 4
a Dutch painter. He began his study of the painting in a factory in Groningen which produced mainly lacquered objects. He soon went to Haarlem, where he became an apprentice in the wallpaper factory of Jan Augustini. Van Drielst entered the wallpaper studio in Amsterdam, where he studied the old masters Salomon van Ruysdael, Jacob van Ruisdael, Jan Wijnants ...
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Sir Anthony van Dyck

borndied
1599, Mar 221641, Dec 9
a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and Flanders. He is most famous for his portraits of Charles I of England and his family and court, painted with a relaxed elegance that was to be the dominant influence on English portrait-painting for the next 150 years. He also painted biblical ...
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Floris van Dyck

aka: van Dijck, Floris Claesz
borndied
1575 ca1650 ca
a Dutch Golden Age still life painter. Van Dyck lived in Haarlem for most of his life, but he was born in Delft. In 1600 he was documented as being in Rome, where he was a good friend of Joseph van Arpino and witnessed him being cured of an ailment with Olio del gran Duco, an oil given to him by the Pope's personal physician, with which he smeared himself al...
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Andries van Eertvelt

borndied
15901652
a Flemish painter, draughtsman and engraver who was one of the first Flemish artists to specialize in marine art. Several of his pupils also became prominent marine artists. Van Eertvelt is regarded as the first Flemish marine painter. His marine paintings covered the whole range of battle scenes, storms, views of ships in rivers and harbours, night scenes e...
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Justus van Egmont

borndied
16021674, Jan 8
a painter and a tapestry designer. After training in Antwerp and working in Rubens' workshop he left for France where he was a court painter. He later returned to Flanders where he worked in Antwerp and Brussels. He is mainly known for his portrait paintings, although he also painted some history subjects. Van Egmont’s oeuvre comprises roughly eighty works...
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Wilhelm Schubert van Ehrenberg

borndied
1630/371676 ca
a Flemish painter mainly active in Antwerp who specialized in architectural paintings including of real and imaginary church interiors, Renaissance palaces and picture galleries. Van Ehrenberg painted many architectural paintings usually of imaginary church interiors, temples, palaces and art galleries. He worked also in the genre of the 'gallery paintings'....
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Allaert van Everdingen

borndied
1621, Jun1675, Nov
a Dutch Golden Age painter and printmaker in etching and mezzotint. The earliest of Everdingen's sea-pieces bears the date of 1640. After 1640 we meet with nothing but representations of inland scenery, and particularly of Norwegian valleys, remarkable alike for wildness and a decisive depth of tone. The masters favorite theme is a fall in a glen, with mourn...
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Cesar Boetius van Everdingen

aka: Cesar Pietersz
borndied
1616/171678, Oct 13
a Dutch Golden Age portrait and history painter. He was born in Alkmaar and educated in Utrecht, where he learned to paint from Jan Gerritsz van Bronckhorst. Caesar became a member of the painter's guild in Alkmaar in 1632. His first known painting dates from 1636. In 1648 he moved to Haarlem, where he joined the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke and the civic guard...
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Nicolaas van Eyck

borndied
16171679
a Flemish painter of landscapes, equestrian and battle scenes and portraits. A rather intriguing painting is his Scene of a rebellion (Hospitalfield Arts) depicting a rebellion in a city. It appears that a group of armed men are firing into an unarmed, unperturbed crowd. The front row of the crowd being shot at consists of three men who have their back turne...
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Jan Josefsz van Goyen

borndied
1596, Jan 131656, Apr 27
a Dutch landscape painter. Van Goyen was an extremely prolific artist; approximately twelve hundred paintings and more than one thousand drawings by him are known. Jan van Goyen would begin a painting using a support primarily of thin oak wood. To this panel, he would scrub on several layers of a thin animal hide glue. With a blade, he would then scrape over...
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Cornelis Cornelisz van Haarlem

aka: Cornelis Corneliszoon
borndied
15621638
a Dutch Golden Age painter and draughtsman, was one of the leading Northern Mannerist artists in the Netherlands, and an important forerunner of Frans Hals as a portraitist.
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Willem van Haecht

borndied
15931697
a Flemish Baroque painter best known for his gallery pictures and the son of the landscape painter Tobias Verhaecht. Van Haecht was born in Antwerp, and studied under Peter Paul Rubens. He worked in Paris from 1615 to 1619, and then travelled to Italy for about seven years. Van Haecht became a master in Antwerp's guild of St. Luke in 1626 and from 1628 onwar...
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Mattheus van Helmont

borndied
16231685
a Flemish painter specialized in genre scenes of interiors and village scenes. He was influenced by the style of David Teniers the Younger and Adriaen Brouwer and developed his own personal style towards the final phase of his career. He spent most of his active life in Antwerp but moved to Brussels later.
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Zeger Jacob van Helmont

borndied
16831726
an 18th-century painter from the Southern Netherlands. He was born in Brussels as the son of the painter Jan van Helmont. He is known for paintings and tapistry designs of historical allegories. According to Jean-Baptiste Descamps he was descended from the alchemist Jean Baptist van Helmont, but paintings of alchemists attributed to him had actually been pai...
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Bartholomeus Johannes van Hove

borndied
17901880
a Dutch painter and the father of Hubertus van Hove. He played an important role in the development of 19th-century painting by his many disciples. He was able to teach his skills to a large group of artists, of whom especially Johannes Bosboom and Johan Hendrik Weissenbruch would rise to great heights.
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Hubertus van Hove

borndied
18141864
a Dutch painter, the son of Bartholomeus van Hove (1790–1880) and a teacher of some artists who became members of the Hague School. Hubertus started as a landscape painter, but his best work was not in that style. His love of color and bright light was best displayed in his doorkijkjes, or domestic vistas, in the style of Pieter de Hooch. These were views ...
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Anselm van Hulle

borndied
16011674/1694
a Flemish painter mainly of portraits whose works were highly prized at the Northern European Courts. Van Hulle has been described as a painter of portraits and history paintings. However, only portrait paintings are currently attributed to him. His portrait paintings include single portraits, family portraits, bust portraits and equestrian portraits. He was...
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Jacob van Hulsdonck

borndied
15821647
a Flemish painter who played a role in the early development of the genre of still lifes of fruit, banquets and flowers. was a still life painter of banquet style pieces, fruit bowls and flowers. Roughly 100 paintings are currently attributed to him. The meticulous handling of detail in his work likely explains his relatively low output. More than half of h...
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Jacob van Huysum

borndied
1687 ca1740
an 18th-century botanical painter from the Northern Netherlands. Van Huysum was born in Amsterdam. Both his father Justus van Huysum (1659–1716), and his brother Jan van Huysum (1682–1749), were celebrated flower painters. His manner of painting was very like that of his brother. His approach to botanical illustration, while preserving botanical accuracy...
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Jan van Huysum

borndied
16821749
a Dutch painter. He was the brother of Jacob van Huysum, the son of the flower painter Justus van Huysum, and the grandson of Jan van Huysum I, who is said to have been expeditious in decorating doorways, screens and vases. A picture by Justus is preserved in the gallery of Brunswick, representing "Orpheus and the Beasts in a wooded landscape", and here we h...
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Justus van Huysum

aka: Huijsum
borndied
1659, Jul 81716, Apr 23
a Dutch Golden Age painter. He was the son of the decorative painter Jan van Huysum I and the brother of the engraver Caspar van Huysum. Houbraken said he was very good at all sorts of painting, but excelled at flower painting, and founded a family business in painting flowers in vases. He later married and became the father of Jan van Huysum, Jacob van Huys...
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Ferdinand van Kessel

borndied
16481696
a Flemish Baroque painter known for his landscapes, still lifes and genre pieces with monkeys. He was born in Antwerp as the son of Jan van Kessel the Elder, who was the grand-son of Jan Brueghel the Elder. He trained with his father from 1663. He moved to Breda where he was the teacher of Jacob Campo Weyerman and Louis de Moni. He died in Breda.
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Jan van Kessel

borndied
16411680
a Dutch Golden Age draftsman and landscape painter who made many cityscapes of Amsterdam. His work is often confused with the works of contemporary painters with the same name.
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Jan van Kessel the Younger

aka: Juan Vanchesel el Mozo, el Joven
borndied
16541708
a Flemish painter who was mainly active in Spain. He gained recognition at court under the reign of Charles II of Spain for the portraits he made of Queen Marie Louise d'Orléans, first wife of Charles II. In 1686 he became officially the painter of the Queen. He is said to have received a commission from the Queen to paint scenes on the ceiling of her chamb...
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Pieter van Laer

aka: Il Bamboccio
borndied
1599, Dec1641/42
a Dutch painter and printmaker. He was active in Rome for over a decade and was known for genre scenes, animal paintings and landscapes placed in the environs of Rome. He was an active member of the association of Flemish and Dutch artists in Rome known as the Bentvueghels. Pieter van Laer is mainly known for his genre scenes set in Italianate landscapes as ...
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Jacob van Lathem

aka: Jacques van Lathem, Laethem
borndied
14751529
a Flemish painter of the Early Netherlandish painting era. Jacob van Laethem seems to have been involved in major projects of ceremonial decoration. In 1497 for instance, he was responsible for the decoration of the church Paleis op de Koudenberg on the occasion of the requiem masses sung in memory of Johan of Aragon, the Crown Prince of Aragon and Castile.
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Remigius van Leemput

aka: Remee
borndied
1607, Dec 191675, Nov 4
a Flemish portrait painter, copyist, collector and art dealer mainly active in England. Remigius van Leemput is known for his original works as well as for his small-scale copies after van Dyck, Lely and others. He made a series of portraits of Ladies after van Dyck, Lely and Samuel Cooper. The series are bust portraits based on (often full-length) portraits...
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Aertgen Claesz van Leyden

aka: Allaert, Aert van Leyden
borndied
1498 ca1564 ca
a 16th-Century Dutch painter, draughtsman and designer of stained glass. Works by this artist can be found at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum De Lakenhal in Leiden, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York and Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza in Madrid. Aertgen van Leyden's work remained in demand after his death. Rubens owned one of his paintings.
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Lucas van Leyden

aka: Lucas Hugensz, Lucas Jacobsz
borndied
14941533, Aug 8
a Dutch engraver and painter. Lucas van Leyden was among the first Dutch exponents of genre painting and is generally regarded as a very accomplished engraver. In basic painting technique van Leyden was the pupil of his father, from whose hand no works are known, and of Cornelis Engelbrechtsz, but his precocious originality was paramount. Where he learnt eng...
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Pieter van Lint

aka: Peter
borndied
16091690
a Flemish painter, draughtsman and designer of tapestries. He excelled in history paintings, genre scenes and portraits in the Flemish Baroque style with some Classisizing influence. He worked in Antwerp and Italy. Van Lint become a master in the Guild of Saint Luke in 1633. In that same year he traveled to Rome where he remained until 1640. In Rome he worke...
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Charles-Amedee-Philippe van Loo

aka: Charles-Amédée-Philippe
borndied
1719, Aug 251795, Nov 15
a French painter of allegorical scenes and portraits. He studied under his father, the painter Jean-Baptiste van Loo, at Turin and Rome, where in 1738 he won the Prix de Rome, then at Aix-en-Provence, before returning to Paris in 1745. He was invited to join the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture in 1747, and that year he married his cousin Marie-M...
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Charles-Andre van Loo

aka: Charles-André, Carle
borndied
1705, Feb 151765, Jul 15
a French subject painter, son of the painter Louis-Abraham van Loo, a younger brother of Jean-Baptiste van Loo and grandson of Jacob van Loo. He was the most famous member of a successful dynasty of painters of Dutch origin. His oeuvre includes every category: religion, history painting, mythology, portraiture, allegory, and genre scenes. By his simplicity o...
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Jacob van Loo

borndied
16141670, Nov 26
a painter of the Dutch Golden Age, chiefly active in Amsterdam and, after 1660, in Paris. Van Loo is known for his conversational groupings; particularly his mythological and biblical scenes generally attributed to the genre of History painting. He was especially celebrated for the quality of his nudes to the extent that, during his lifetime, particularly hi...
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Jean-Baptiste van Loo

borndied
1684, Jan 141745, Dec 19
a French subject and portrait painter. He was patronized by the prince of Carignan, who sent him to Rome, where he studied under Benedetto Luti. He was much employed painting for churches in Rome, and in particular executed a greatly praised Scourging of Christ for the church of Santa Maria in Monticelli. At Turin he painted Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savo...
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Louis-Michel van Loo

borndied
1707, Mar 21771, Mar 20
a French painter. He studied under his father, the painter Jean-Baptiste van Loo, at Turin and Rome, and he won a prize at the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture in Paris in 1725. With his uncle, the painter Charles-André van Loo, he went to Rome in 1727–1732, and in 1736 he became court painter to Philip V of Spain at Madrid, where he was a fou...
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Theodor van Loon

borndied
15811649
a Flemish Baroque painter. Theodoor van Loon traveled twice to Italy, from 1602 to 1608 and from 1628 to 1629. He is known as a follower of Caravaggio. Together with Wenzel Coebergher he completed commissions for Albert VII, Archduke of Austria and his wife Infant...
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Karel van Mander

aka: Carel
borndied
1548, May1606, Sep 2
a Flemish painter, poet, art historian and art theoretician, who established himself in the Dutch Republic in the latter part of his life. He is mainly remembered as a biographer of Early Netherlandish painters and Northern Renaissance artists in his Schilder-boeck. As an artist and art theoretician he played a significant role in the spread and development ...
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Michiel Jansz van Mierevelt

aka: Miereveld, Miereveldt
borndied
1566, May 11641, Jun 27
a Dutch Golden Age painter and draftsman. He registered as a member of the Guild of St. Luke in The Hague in 1625. Devoting himself first to still lifes, he eventually took up portraiture, in which he achieved such success that the many commissions entrusted to him necessitated the employment of numerous assistants, by whom hundreds of portraits were turned ...
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Pieter van Mol

aka: Peter
borndied
1599, Nov 171650, Apr 8
a Flemish painter known for his history paintings of religious subject matter, and to a lesser extent for his allegorical compositions, genre scenes and portraits. His style was profoundly influenced by Rubens, Abraham Janssens and Artus Wolffort. He was court painter to the King and Queen of France. Pieter van Mol was mainly a painter of religious subject m...
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Jacob van Mosscher

bornactivedied
1600 ca1635-16451660 ca
a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter. There is little additional information available about the details of his life. According to the RKD he is often confused with Jacob van Musscher, a pupil of Karel van Mander and the grandfather of Michiel van Musscher. He was a landscape painter who worked in Haarlem during the years 1635-1645.
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Jacob van Musscher

aka: Jaques de Moschero, Iaques de Mosscher, Jacob Fransz
borndied
15801623
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Van Musscher was born in Emden. According to Karel van Mander who called him Iaques de Mosscher, he lived in Delft while he was writing, and was experienced and able in all forms of art. According to the RKD he was also a pupil of Karel van Mander, and he was the grandfather of Michiel van Musscher. He became a member of the Haarl...
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Michiel van Musscher

borndied
1645, Jan1705, Jun 20
a Dutch Golden Age painter. According to Houbraken, he showed a talent for drawing at a young age, and had many teachers, of which he kept a record. His first teacher was Martinus Saeghmolen in 1660 for two months, and in 1661, he took lessons from Abraham van den Tempel. In 1665 he took seven lessons with Gabriel Metsu, and in 1667 he spent three months in ...
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Adam van Noort

borndied
1561/621641
a Flemish painter and draughtsman and one of the teachers of Peter Paul Rubens. Van Noort painted mainly paintings of religious subjects and portraits. He collaborated with Marten de Vos and Ambrosius Francken on the decorations for the Joyous Entry of Archduke Ernest of Austria in 1594. Originally working in the Mannerist style of the aforementioned two art...
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Lambert van Noort

borndied
15201571
a Flemish Renaissance painter. Lambert was born in Amersfoort. According to Houbraken he was an important painter and architect who became the father of the painter Adam van Noort. In 1547 he became a member of the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke. Houbraken took his information from Karel van Mander, who called him Lambrecht van Oort. According to the RKD he was a...
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Hendrik van Oort

borndied
17751847
a 19th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands. Among his best known works are In the Meadow and The Shoemaker, the latter of which is on display at the Northampton Museum and Art Gallery, painted some time between 1800 and 1830.
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Jacob van Oost

borndied
16031671
a Flemish painter of history paintings and portraits who was the most important painter of Bruges in the 17th century.
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Marian van Oosterwijck

borndied
16301693
a Dutch Golden Age painter, specializing in richly detailed flower paintings and other still lifes. In addition to being a talented painter, she was also a savvy businesswoman; she obtained the services of an agent in Amsterdam to market her pieces to Germans.
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Bernard van Orley

aka: Barend, Barent, Bernaert, van Brussel
borndied
14901541
a Flemish Renaissance painter and draughtsman, and also a leading designer of Brussels tapestry and stained glass. He belongs to the group of Italianizing Flemish painters called the Romanists, who were influenced by Italian Renaissance painting.
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Georgius Jacobus Johannes van Os

borndied
17821861
a 19th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands. He painted landscapes, but was, like his father, best known as a painter of flowers. Starting in the 1830s he spent his summers in Haarlem, where he continued working on flower illustrations for the "Flora Batava" edited by Jan Kops.
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Jan van Os

borndied
17441808
a Dutch painter and a member of the renowned Van Os family of artists. Van Os is mostly known for his fruit and flower still life paintings, though he started his career painting seascapes. His floral still lifes were painted in the style of Jan van Huysum, with the flowers usually presented on a marble ledge against a green background.
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Pieter Gerardus van Os

borndied
17761839
a Dutch painter and engraver and a member of the renowned Van Os family of artists. He was particularly fond of painting animals, but also experimented with military subjects and landscapes.
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Cornelis van Poelenburch

borndied
15941667, Aug 12
a Dutch landscape painter and draughtsman. He was the leading representative of the first generation of Dutch landscape painters who were active in Rome in the early 17th century. He was known for small-scale paintings depicting Italianate landscapes with small figures enacting biblical or mythological scenes or in contemporary attire. He painted mostly smal...
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Jan Antonisz van Ravesteyn

borndied
15721657, Jun
a successful portrait painter to the Dutch court in The Hague. Van Ravensteyn was born in The Hague. It is unknown who taught him how to paint, but he was a follower of the Delft portrait painter Michiel Jansz van Mierevelt. Van Ravesteyn is mentio...
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Floris van Schooten

borndied
1586 ca1656, Nov
a Dutch Golden Age still life painter. He primarily painted kitchen and market scenes. His work also shows familiarity with the work of the painter Pieter Aertsen, who was renowned in van Schooten's time for both his religious altarpieces and lush still lifes. Van Schooten became the dean of the Guild of Saint Luke in 1639. He was prolific, and many of works...
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Jan van Scorel

bornactivedied
1495, Aug 11517-15621562, Dec 6
a Dutch painter, who played a leading role in introducing aspects of Italian Renaissance painting into Dutch and Flemish Renaissance painting. Van Scorel was one of the early painters of the Romanist style who had spent a number of years in Italy, where he thoroughly absorbed the Italian style of painting. His trip to Italy coincided with the brief reign of ...
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Paul van Somer I

aka: Paulus
borndied
1577 ca1621
a Flemish artist who arrived in England from Antwerp during the reign of King James I of England and became one of the leading painters of the royal court. He painted a number of portraits both of James and his consort, Queen Anne of Denmark, and of nobles such as Ludovic Stuart, earl of Lennox, Elizabeth Stanley, Countess of Huntingdon, and Lady Anne Cliffo...
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Paul van Somer II

bornactivedied
unknown1670-1694unknown
engraver active in england


Jan Frans van Son

borndied
1658, Aug 161704-1711
a Flemish Baroque painter. He obtained a lucrative patronage through his marriage with a niece of the king's serjeant-painter, Robert Streater. He was also patronised by Charles Robartes, earl of Radnor, who had a great number of Van Son's paintings in his house in St. James's Square. He lived for some time in Long Acre, but finally in St. Albans Street, St....
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Joris van Son

borndied
16231667
a highly popular Flemish Baroque painter of fruit and flowers, in banquet style on a plank, but also in garland form. He seems to have been influenced by Jan Davidszoon de Heem, since his subjects follow his style quite closely. According to Houbraken his paintings were prized for preserving summer plenty in the middle of winter. In a poem by Cornelis de Bie...
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Adriaen van Stalbemt

aka: Adriaan
borndied
1580, Jun 121662, Sep 21
a Flemish Baroque painter. According to Houbraken he was a very good landscape painter, and he decorated these landscapes with various figures and animals in such an ingenious way that he became quite popular. After the siege of Antwerp, his family moved to Middelburg, where he was probably educated. He returned to Antwerp in 1609 where he was later called t...
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Jan Adriaensz van Staveren

borndied
16141669
a Dutch Golden Age painter of the Leiden school of fijnschilders. According to the RKD he was fourteen when he entered his name in 1628 in the Leiden University Album Studiosorum, and he paid dues to the Leiden Guild of St. Luke in the years 1644-1669. He is known for genre works, landscapes, and portraits.
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Hendrik van Steenwijck I

aka: Steenwyck, Steenwijk
borndied
1550 ca1603, Aug
a Dutch painter. Van Steenwijck was born in Kampen, and was a student of the architectural painter Hans Vredeman de Vries, and the father of Hendrik van Steenwijk II He is known to have worked in Aachen (1573-6), Antwerp (1577–85) and Frankfurt (from 1586 on), where he died. Van Steenwijck is the earliest-known painter of architectural interiors, a genre t...
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Hendrik van Steenwijck II

aka: Steenwyck, Steinwick
borndied
1580 ca1649
a Baroque painter mostly of architectural interiors, but also of biblical scenes and still lifes. Steenwijck is best known for the numerous imaginary interiors that were based on the Cathedral of Our Lady, Antwerp. These had an immediate influence on paintings by Pieter Neeffs I. After settling in London by 1615, he painted backgrounds for Anthony van Dyck a...
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Juriaen van Streek

aka: Juriaan van Streek
borndied
1632, Feb 291687, Jun
a Dutch Golden Age painter of still lifes. In 1653 he married Grietje Claes. The couple lived in several locations in the Jordaan then moved to Prinsengracht. They had nine children, three were buried young. When Van Streeck died he was an innkeeper in Kerkstraat. According to Houbraken, Van Streeck excelled at all still life subjects, including helmets, bo...
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Abraham van Strij

borndied
17531826
18th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands. Van Strij was born and died in Dordrecht. According to the RKD he was the son of Leendert and the brother of Jacob. Both he and his brother were pupils of his father, and after taking lessons from Joris Ponse, Abraham joined his father's workshop. He was a member of the Dordrecht Guild of St. Luke and later...
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Jacob van Strij

borndied
1756, Oct 21815, Feb 4
a Dutch painter, printmaker, and draftsman. Jacob van Strij was born in Dordrecht in the Dutch Republic. He was the son of Leendert van Strij and the younger brother of Abraham van Strij. Both he and his brother were pupils of his father, and after taking lessons from Andries Lens, Jacob joined his father's workshop. He was a member of the Dordrecht Guild of...
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Theodoor van Thulden

borndied
16061669
a Dutch Baroque artist from 's-Hertogenbosch in North Brabant who was active in that city and in Antwerp. His style is heavily indebted to Peter Paul Rubens, with whom he frequently worked, and he is important for bringing aspects of Flemish Baroque painting into the Dutch Republic.
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Domenicus van Tol

borndied
1635 ca1676
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Van Tol was born in Bodegraven. He was a nephew of Gerard Dou and his works often draw comparison with those of his uncle. In 1664 he became a member of the Leiden Guild of St. Luke and in 1670 he got married and moved to Utrecht. A daughter was baptised in Amsterdam in 1674, and in 1675 he was back in Leiden, where he became a me...
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Lucas van Uden

borndied
15951672
a leading Flemish landscape painter, draughtsman and engraver active in Antwerp. Van Uden was principally a landscape painter. Van Uden also painted winter landscapes such as the Winter Landscape with Hunters (private collection).
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Adriaen van Utrecht

borndied
15991652
a Flemish painter known mainly for his sumptuous banquet still lifes, game and fruit still lifes, fruit garlands, market and kitchen scenes and depictions of life poultry in farmyards. His paintings, especially the hunting and game pieces, show the influence of Frans Snyders.
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Otto van Veen

aka: Octavius Vaenius
bornactivedied
1556 ca1572-16291629, May 6
a painter, draughtsman, and humanist active primarily in Antwerp and Brussels in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century. He is known for running a large studio in Antwerp, producing several emblem books, and for being, from 1594 or 1595 until 1598, Pet...
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Jacob Jansz van Velsen

borndied
15971656
a Dutch Golden Age painter. According to the RKD Jacob influenced Willem Cornelisz Duyster and is known for genre works and military pieces, most notably conversation pieces in the manner of Pieter Codde and Dirck Hals. One of his paintings was engraved by Pierre Aveline in 1755.
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Cross-listed in Performers

Nicolaes van Verendael

aka: Nicolaas van Veerendael, Nicolaes van Veerendael, Nicolaas van Verendael
borndied
16401691
a Flemish painter of flower still lifes and singeries. He mainly painted flower still lives and a few allegorical scenes with monkeys. Nicolaes van Verendael contributed to the spread of the genre of the 'monkey scene', also called 'singerie' (a word, which in French means a 'comical grimace, behaviour or trick'). Comical scenes with monkeys appearing in hum...
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Hendrick Cornelisz van Vliet

aka: Hendrick Corneliszoon
borndied
1611 ca1675, Oct
a Dutch Golden Age painter remembered mostly for his church interiors. He was good at perspective but later took up portrait painting with Michiel Jansz van Mierevelt. Van Vliet started out with architectural painting, particularly the painting of ...
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Cornelis Claesz van Wieringen

borndied
1577>1633
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Van Wieringen was born and died in Haarlem. He specialized in paintings depicting ships and sea battles, and received orders from the municipal councils of Haarlem and Amsterdam.
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Anthonie Jacobus van Wijngaerdt

aka: Wyngaerdt
borndied
18081887
a Dutch painter and draftsman. Antonie Jacobus van Wijngaerdt mainly painted landscapes and cityscapes. He was a pupil of the Amsterdam painter Louis Meijer and teacher of Dirk Johannes van Vreumingen and John Rost. Wijngaerdt initially worked as a painter in his hometown Rotterdam. He succeeded in 1836 in Gouda Cornelis Borsteegh as city stabbing master. He...
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Caspar van Wittel

borndied
16531736
a Dutch painter who made a career in Rome where he played a pivotal role in the development of the genre of topographical painting known as veduta. Van Wittel is one of the principal painters of topographical views known as vedute. He is credited with turning topography into a painterly specialism in Italian art.
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John Vanderbank

borndied
16941739
an English portrait painter and book illustrator, who enjoyed a high reputation for a short while during the reign of King George I, but who died relatively young due to an intemperate and extravagant lifestyle. Vanderbank's portraits, among which are those of many eminent persons, are skilfully drawn and full of character, but slight and careless in executi...
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John Vanderlyn

borndied
1775, Oct 181852, Sep 23
an American neoclassicist painter. In 1802 he painted two views of Niagara Falls, which were engraved and published in London in 1804. He returned to Paris in 1803, also visiting England in 1805, where he painted the Death of Jane McCrea for Joel Barlow. Vanderlyn then went to Rome, where he painted his picture of Marius amid the Ruins of Carthage, which was...
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Pieter Vanderlyn

borndied
16871778
an American colonial painter. Born in Holland, Vanderlyn reached New York in 1718 and became a portrait painter and land speculator and practiced other trades, settling in Kingston, New York The portrait most certainly ascribed to him is that of Mrs. Petrus Vas, his mother-in-law. The painter John Vanderlyn and lawyer Henry Van Der Lyn were his grandsons.
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Francisco Varela

borndied
unknown1656
a Spanish artist. He was born at the end of the 16th century, born and died in Seville. He mostly painter Historical subjects. Francisco Varela was a pupil of Juan de Ruela. Some of his works are in the San Bernardo and San Vicente churches, and in the convent of Morced.


Luis de Vargas

borndied
15021568
a Spanish painter of the late-Renaissance period, active mainly in Seville. He traveled to Rome where he was influenced by Mannerist styles. He painted an altarpiece with multiple panels, including a Virgin and Child appearing to Adam and Eve or La Gamba for the Cathedral in Seville. He frescoed a Last Judgement for the Casa de Misericordia in Seville. Franc...
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Cross-listed in Writers

John Varley

borndied
17781842
an English watercolour painter and astrologer, and a close friend of William Blake. They collaborated in 1819–1820 on the book Visionary Heads, written by Varley and illustrated by Blake. He was the elder brother of Cornelius Varley.
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Cross-listed in ArchitectsWriters

Giorgio Vasari

bornactivedied
1511, Jul 301530s-1560s1574, Jun 27
an Italian painter, architect, writer and historian, most famous today for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing.
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Palma Vecchio

aka: Jacopo Palma, Jacopo Negretti
borndied
1480 ca1528, July
an Italian painter of the Venetian school born at Serina Alta near Bergamo. Palma's work demonstrates superior richness of color, but he did not excel with regard to invention nor vigorous draughtsmanship. His paintings frequently feature his (so-called) daughter Violante, of whom Titian was said to be enamoured.
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Cristobal Vela

aka: Cristóbal
bornactivedied
1588 ca1610-16451654
a Spanish Baroque painter and gilder. Vela studied in Córdoba, Andalusia, with Pablo de Céspedes, from where he moved to Madrid, and worked in the style of Vincenzo Carducci. He married Catherine Garrido, and they had a son, Antonio Vela Cobo (1629-1675), who became a painter, sculptor and gilder, and who took over his father's workshop after his death.
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Cross-listed in Architects

Alejandro Gonzalez Velazquez

aka: Alejandro González Velázquez
borndied
1719, Feb 271772
a Spanish late-Baroque architect and painter. He studied painting at the School Board for the establishment of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, and trained at the Italian technique quadrature. As an architect, Velázquez provided the plans for the redevelopment of the Church of Bernardine nunnery Vallecas, taking charge himself from the tra...
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Antonio Gonzalez Velazquez

aka: Antonio González Velázquez
borndied
17231793
a Spanish late-Baroque painter. Velázquez was born in Madrid into a family of artists; his father Pablo González Velázquez and brothers Alejandro and Luis were all painters. He received a scholarship to travel to Rome in 1747 from the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando where he was studying under Corrado Giaquinto. The following year he made th...
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Diego Velazquez

aka: Velázquez
borndied
1599, Jun 61660, Aug 6
Born in Seville to a family of lesser nobility. At age 11, began to study art for the next six years. Married in 1618 to Juana Pacheco who bore him two daughters. Moved to Madrid in 1622, quickly secured a position as court painter with king Phillip IV, and lived there (minus two extended trips to Italy) until his death after a fever.
Timeline (3)Links (3)


Luis Gonzalez Velazquez

aka: Luis González Velázquez
borndied
1715, Aug 251763, May 24
a Spanish late-Baroque painter. Velázquez was born in Madrid into a family of artists; his father Pablo González Velázquez and brothers Alejandro and Antonio were all painters. He studied painting at the School Board for the establishment of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando where he was elected academician of merit in 1753 and deputy dire...
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Zacarias Gonzalez Velazquez

aka: Zacarías González Velázquez
borndied
17631834
a Spanish painter. Velázquez rose in fame and stature as an artist in the decade of 1780. But it wasn't all smooth sailing. Earlier in the decade Velázquez had enrolled for another degree in the Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando. He had to wait until 7 November 1790 to receive that degree. The intervening years were marked as much by toil as success. In...
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Bartolomeo Veneto

bornactivedied
unknown1502-15461546
an Italian painter who worked in Venice, the Veneto (the mainland), and Lombardy. During his time in Venice, he studied under Gentile Bellini. The little information available about Bartolomeo's life has been derived from his signatures, dates, and inscriptions. His best known works are portraits or pictures with portrait-like character. Bartolomeo's later w...
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Cornelis Verbeeck

aka: Cornelis Verbeecq
borndied
15901637
a Dutch Golden Age painter from Haarlem. Verbeeck painted primarily marine and seascape works. He was directly influenced by Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom. He is not to be confused with the father of the seascape painter Pieter Cornelisz Verbeeck.
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Frans Verbeeck

aka: Verbeec, Verbeke
borndied
15101570
a Mechelen painter from the sixteenth century. Verbeeck belonged to a painting dynasty that was active in Mechelen from about 1540 to about 1620. His workshops specialized in grotesque satirical and moralizing scenes in imitation of Hieronymus Bosch, whose su...
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Pieter Cornelisz Verbeeck

borndied
16101654
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Verbeeck was born and died in Haarlem. According to Houbraken, he taught (horse) painting to Gillis Schagen, the son of an important councilman of Alkmaar. In 1635 he moved to Alkmaar where he married and became a member of the Guild of St. Luke there. In 1638 he moved to Utrecht, but after his wife died in 1642 he returned to Haa...
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Eugene-Joseph Verboeckhoven

aka: Eugène-Joseph
borndied
1798, Jun 91881, Jan 19
a Belgian painter, born at Warneton in West Flanders. He was a painter, a sculptor, an etcher, an engraver and a lithographer of animals, animated landscapes and portraits. Verboeckhoven was a regular participant at the Ghent (1820 and 1824) and Brussels Salons (1827–1860). He visited the Ardennes, France, Great Britain (1826), Germany (1828) and Italy (18...
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Herman Verelst

borndied
16411690
a Dutch Golden Age painter. According to the RKD he was the son of Pieter Hermansz Verelst and the father of the painters Cornelis and Maria Verelst. He became a pupil in the Confrerie Pictura at the same time as his brother Simon in 1663. He is known for portraits and still life paintings. He worked in Amsterdam, Italy, and Vienna before moving to London. ...
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Pieter Hermansz Verelst

borndied
1618 ca1678 ca
a Dutch Golden Age painter. According to the RKD he was a pupil of Gerard Dou and Jacob Gerritsz Cuyp. In 1638, he became a member of the Dordrecht Guild of St. Luke and, in 1656, one of the founders of the Confrerie Pictura. His pupils were Hermanus van Grevenbroeck, Anthony de Haen, Otto Hoynck, Hendrik Mony, Gabriel Siebrick and his sons Herman, Johannes ...
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Simon Pietersz Verelst

borndied
16441710
a Dutch Golden Age painter. Verelst was born in The Hague. According to the RKD he was the son of Pieter Harmensz Verelst and became a pupil in the Confrerie Pictura at the same time as his brother Herman in 1663. In 1668 he moved to London, where he died. He called himself "the God of Flowers", but is known for portraits as well as flower and fruit still li...
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Jeanne Vergouwen

borndied
16301714, Mar 11
She was brought up in a family of painters. She was the daughter of the Flemish painter-decorator Louis Vergouwen (died 1659) and his wife Maaike Verwerff, who was the daughter of the painter Hans Verwerff. She studied with Balthazar van den Bossche and Lucas van Uden. She was active as a painter, copyist and art dealer.
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Tobias Verhaecht

borndied
15611631
a Flemish painter primarily of landscapes. His style was indebted to the mannerist world landscape developed by artists like Joachim Patinir and Pieter Bruegel the Elder. Verhaecht specialized in landscapes and also produced several versions of the Tower of Babel. His landscapes followed the traditional style of the world landscape. The landscapes depict ima...
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Cross-listed in Astronomers

Theodor Verhaegen

bornactivedied
1701, Jun 31720-17591759, Jul 25
Very little is known about his life. He was born and died in Mechelen, though apparently worked in Antwerp at the start of his career. He worked in allegorical and mythological themes, and was also known for his illustrations.


Hans Verhagen den Stommen

aka: Verhaghen
borndied
1543 ca1600 ca
a Flemish painter and draftsman whose exact drawings of animals were influential on other artists who regularly copied them. Hans Verhagen den Stommen shows very exact observation skills in his drawings. He usually drew animals in their characteristic outline or in complementary views using opaque colours.
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Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen

borndied
1728, Mar 191811, Apr 3
a Flemish painter in the style of Rubens. His father was a surgeon. In 1741, he had a chance meeting with the itinerant painter Jan-Baptist van den Kerckhoven who was in Aarschot to restore a painting. Kerckhoven discovered his talents and convinced his parents to give him art lessons. By 1770, his reputation was such that he became court painter to Prince C...
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Albertus Verhoesen

borndied
18061881
Born in Amsterdam; Died in Delft


Jan Verkolje

borndied
1650, Feb1693, May 8
a Dutch Golden Age painter and engraver. He is known for his portraits and genre pieces. He was a wunderkind, whose talent started with an accident. As a child playing with darts, he had the unfortunate accident of receiving a dart in his heel, which began to fester so that he needed to lie in bed for months to alleviate the infection. While in bed a man nam...
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Nicolaas Verkolje

borndied
1673, Apr 111746, Jan 21
a Dutch Golden Age painter and mezzotint maker. He was the son of Jan Verkolje and the only one of 5 children to carry on his art. Houbraken intended to write a biographical sketch of Nicolaas in his birth year of 1673, but never got that far (he died before publication of Volume III, which contains Jan Verkolje's biographical sketch).
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Johannes Vermeer

aka: Jan, Johan
borndied
16321675, Dec
a Dutch painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life. Vermeer was a moderately successful provincial genre painter in his lifetime. He evidently was not wealthy, leaving his wife and children in debt at his death, perhaps because he produced relatively few paintings.
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Jan Vermeer van Haarlem the Elder

borndied
16281691
a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter and the father of Jan Vermeer van Haarlem the Younger. According to the RKD he was the grandson of Janneke Knijff (aunt of Wouter Knijff) and was taught by Jacob Willemszoon de Wet. He was the brother of Isaac and the father of Barend and Jan II. He is known for landscapes in the manner of Jacob van Ruisdael.
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Jan Vermeer van Haarlem the Younger

aka: Jan van der Meer II
borndied
16561705, May 28
a Dutch Golden Age painter from Haarlem. A landscape painter primarily, he was baptized there on November 29, 1656. he was taught by his father, the landscape painter Jan Vermeer van Haarlem the Elder and became a follower of Nicolaes Berchem. He was the brother of the painters Isaac and Barend, and married the sister of Cornelis Dusart. He seems to have spe...
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Andries Vermeulen

borndied
17631814
a Dutch painter. Vermeulen was born in Dordrecht. He was taught by his father, Cornelis Vermeulen. He was primarily a landscape painter. He worked for some time in Amsterdam, where he died. He is known for landscapes and engravings and his pupils were Leendert de Koningh and Arnoldus van Well.
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Jan Cornelisz Vermeyen

aka: Jan Mayo, Barbalonga
borndied
1500 ca1559
Vermeyen was a painter and tapestry designer, probably a pupil of Jan Gossaert. About 1525 he became court painter to Margaret of Austria, regent of the Netherlands, aunt of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at Mechelen and in 1535 he accompanied the Emperor Charles V, the nephew of the Archduchess, at the Conquest of Tunis. He "designed a set of twelve tapestrie...
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Jacob Xavier Vermoelen

aka: Jacob Xaver Vermoelen, Jacobus Xaverus Vermoelen, Jacques Xavier Vermoelen, Jacob Xaver Vermolen
borndied
1714 ca1784
a Flemish painter of still lifes and game pieces who was active in Rome. Vermoelen was born in Antwerp, where he trained under Pieter Snyers. He became a master of the Antwerp Guild of Saint Luke in 1733. Nothing is recorded about his activity in Antwerp until he is recorded as executing a number of paintings in Rome in 1748. In Rome he appears to have enjoy...
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Claude Joseph Vernet

borndied
1714, Aug 141789, Dec 3
a French painter. His son, Antoine Charles Horace Vernet, was also a painter. For twenty years Vernet lived in Rome, producing views of seaports, storms, calms, moonlights, and large whales, becoming especially popular with English aristocrats, many of whom were on the Grand Tour. In 1745 he married an Englishwoman whom he met in the city. In 1753 he was rec...
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Horace Vernet

borndied
1789, Jun 301863, Jan 17
a French painter of battles, portraits, and Orientalist Arab subjects. He gained recognition during the Bourbon Restoration for a series of battle paintings commissioned by the duc d'Orleans, the future King Louis-Philippe. Critics marvelled at the incredible speed with which he painted. Many of his paintings made during this early phase of his career were "...
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Paolo Veronese

borndied
15281588, Apr 19
an Italian Renaissance painter based in Venice, most famous for large history paintings of both religious and mythological subjects. His most famous works are elaborate narrative cycles, executed in a dramatic and colorful style, full of majestic architectural settings and glittering pageantry. His large paintings of biblical feasts, crowded with figures, pa...
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Hendrick Verschuring

borndied
16271690
a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter from Gorinchem who often decorated his landscapes with soldiers on horseback. At thirteen he became the pupil of Jan Both where he stayed six years, until he left Utrecht for a trip to Rome. He made drawings of all the places he stayed, especially new buildings or items of interest. His work was in demand in Venice, so he...
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Wouterus Verschuur

borndied
18121874
a Dutch painter of animal subjects – mainly horses – and of landscapes. He is one of the later representatives of Romanticism in Dutch art. Showing talent from an early age, at 15 Verschuur had a painting exhibited at the “Exhibition of Living Masters” at Amsterdam in 1828. In 1832 and 1833 he won the gold medal at the annual exhibition at Felix Meri...
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Johannes Cornelisz Verspronck

borndied
1602 ca1662, Jun
a Dutch Golden Age portraitist. In 1632 he became a member of the Haarlem Guild of St. Luke and started a successful career as a portraitist of mostly Catholic sitters in Haarlem.He is best known for his exactness in painting details such as jewelry and lace, which made him quite popular with female sitters. Most notably, he won a lucrative commission in 164...
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Petrus Gerardus Vertin

borndied
18191893
a Dutch artist, born and died in The Hague. Very little is known of his life.


Abraham de Verwer

aka: Abraham de Verweer van Burghstrate
borndied
15851650
a Dutch Golden Age painter of cityscapes, (river) landscapes and seascapes. He travelled in northern France and when he returned, he settled in Amsterdam. It is unknown who taught him to paint, but he was noted in his wife's testament in Haarlem in 1607 as a "schrijnwerker" or cabinet-maker, and in 1614 he was noted in an Amsterdam estate inventory as a pain...
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Domenicus Verwilt

bornactivedied
15201544-1560s1566
a Flemish painter active in Sweden. According to the RKD he is known for portraits and historical allegories. Though his birth and death dates are uncertain, he is registered working in Antwerp from 1544 to 1555 and in Sweden between 1556 and 1566, where he became court painter to Eric XIV of Sweden. He probably knew the portrait painter Steven van der Meule...
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Jan Victors

borndied
1619, Jun1679, Dec
a Dutch Golden Age painter that focused mainly on painting subject from the Bible. Victors was born in Amsterdam. He was known in Haarlem on a taxation catalog in 1722 as a student of Rembrandt van Rijn. Like many painters in Amsterdam after the rampjaar of 1672, ...
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Joseph-Marie Vien

borndied
1716, Jun 181809, Mar 27
a French painter born at Montpellier. He was the last holder of the post of Premier peintre du Roi, serving from 1789 to 1791. When in 1776, at the height of his established reputation, he became director of the school of France at Rome, he refused to take Jacques-Louis David with him amongst his pupils, stating he was too old to teach a young artist. After...
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Edouard Vienot

aka: Édouard Viénot
borndied
1804, Sep 13unknown
a successful society portrait painter with a studio at 92 rue de la Victoire, Paris. In France, Viénot's paintings were regularly selected by the jury of the Paris Salon between 1831 and 1870. Viénot did some portraits for different spanish families established in South America during that period.
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Master of the View of Ste-Gudule

borndied
14901499
an Early Netherlandish painter. He was born in Brussels and is known for portraits of prominent church patrons and other religious works. His work is sometimes confused with that of other Antwerp or Brussels painters of his day.
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Louise Elisabeth Vigee Le Brun

aka: Madame Lebrun, Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun
borndied
1755, Apr 161842, Mar 30
a prominent French painter. Her artistic style is generally considered part of the aftermath of Rococo, while she often adopts a neoclassical style. Vigée Le Brun cannot be considered a pure Neoclassicist, however, in that she creates mostly portraits in Neoclassical dress rather than the History painting. While serving as the portrait painter to more
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Pedro de Villegas Marmolejo

borndied
15191596
a Spanish sculptor and painter of the Renaissance period. He was born at Seville, but studied painting from either Roman or Flemish models. He painted a Visitation to Elizabeth for the Seville Cathedral which resembles the manner of Pedro Campaña. In the side compartments of the altar there are various smaller works of Villegas, representing San Blas and Th...
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David Vinckboons

borndied
1576, Aug1632 ca
a Dutch Golden Age painter of Flemish origin. Vinckboons was one of the most prolific and popular painters and print designers in the Netherlands. Himself influenced by Pieter Bruegel the Elder, he was instrumental — together with Hans Bol and Roelant Savery — in the development of genre painting in the northern Netherlands.
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Master of the Virgo inter Virgines

bornactivedied
unknown1470-1505unknown
a North Netherlandish painter and designer of woodcuts active around Delft between 1483 and 1498. He is named for an altarpiece of the Virgin with Saints Catherine, Cecilia, Ursula, and Barbara which formerly hung in the convent of Konigsveld, but which is now in the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam. He was first distinguished individually in 1903; based upon the st...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Anna Roemers Visscher

borndied
1584, Feb 2 ca1651, Dec 6
a Dutch artist, poet, and translator. she had an apparent interest in emblem books, as she translated into Dutch thirteen epigrams from Georgette de Montenay's Emblèmes, ou devises chrestiennes of 1584. She also contributed poetry to the 1618 emblem book, Silenus Alcibiadis, Sive Proteus by Jacob Cats.


Cornelis Visscher

borndied
16291658
a Dutch Golden Age engraver and the brother of Jan de Visscher and Lambert Visscher. Not much is known of his life. He was an able etcher who made famous prints (in his lifetime), and who had an unusual talent for drawing after a live model with charcoal that was unparalleled.
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Alvise Vivarini

borndied
1442/531504 ca
an Italian painter, the leading Venetian artist before Giovanni Bellini. Like Bellini, he was part of a dynasty of painters. The works of Vivarini show an advance on those of his predecessors, and some of them are productions of high attainment; one of the best was executed for the Scuola di San Girolamo in Venice, representing the saint caressing his lion, ...
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Simon de Vlieger

borndied
1601 ca1653, Mar
a Dutch designer, draughtsman, and painter, most famous for his marine paintings. In the 1630s and 1640s he was one of the best-known Dutch maritime painters. He moved away from the monochrome style of Jan Porcellis and Willem van de Velde, the elder towards a more realistic use of colour, with highly detailed and accurate representations of rigging and ship...
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Jacob Ferdinand Voet

borndied
1639 ca1689
a Flemish portrait painter who had an international career in Italy and France where he made portraits for prominent patrons. Few details about Voet's early life, training and career have been preserved. Voet specialized in half-length portraits, in which all attention is concentrated on the subject, who emerges from a neutral, dark background. Voet's subjec...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Christian Leberecht Vogel

borndied
unknownunknown
a German painter, draughtsman and writer on art theory. Very little is known about his life. His pupils included Louise Seidler, and he was the father of the court painter and art professor Carl Christian Vogel.
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Cross-listed in Sculptors

Daniele da Volterra

aka: Daniele Ricciarelli
bornactivedied
1509 ca1530s-1560s1566, Apr 4
an Italian painter mannerist and sculptor, best remembered for his association with the late Michelangelo. Several of his most important works were based on designs made for that purpose by Michelangelo. After Michelangelo's death Daniele was hired to cover the genitals in his Last Judgment with vestments and loincloths. This earned him the nickname Il Bragh...
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Peter von Bemmel

borndied
1686, Aug 181754, Oct 22
a German landscape artist. Von Bemmel was born in Nuremberg in 1686, the second son and pupil of Willem van Bemmel. He painted landscapes, and was especially successful in representing thunderstorms and winter scenes. His works are seen in the galleries of the Herzog Anton Ulrich Museum and in his native city. He etched six plates of landscapes, and died at ...
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Cross-listed in Architects

Harald Julius von Bosse

borndied
unknownunknown
a 19th-century architect and painter. He was descended from a Germano-Baltic noble family and was a subject of the Russian Empire. He studied at Darmstadt and moved to Saint Petersburg in 1831. He worked in Alexander Brullov's studio and was made a free painter in the Imperial Academy of Arts in 1832, an academician there in 1839 and a professor there in 185...
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Johann Georg von Dillis

borndied
1759, Dec 261841, Sep 28
a German painter. Initially he was trained for the priesthood, but by 1786 his real interest, art, was beginning to be developed, and he taught drawing both at court and to private families. In 1790 he was appointed inspector of the Hofgarten Galerie, the princely collection. He continued in a curatorial role for the Bavarian court for much of the rest of hi...
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Cross-listed in Architects

Johann Christian von Mannlich

borndied
unknownunknown
a German painter and architect. Under Charles II August, Duke of Zweibrücken, he was general director of buildings, in which capacity he was responsible for the design and construction of Schloss Karlsberg near Homburg, besides forming the duke's picture collection. When the castle was destroyed by French Revolutionary forces, he was able to rescue not only...
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Johann Martin von Rohden

borndied
1778, Jul 301868, Sep 9
a German painter active for most of his career in Rome. Son of a merchant, von Rohden began his studies at the Kunstakademie in Kassel, remaining there until 1795. At seventeen he went to Rome with a friend who had won a travel grant for artists from the Landgrave of Hesse. There he met and studied with Johann Christian Reinhart. In 1799 he left Rome and tra...
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Franz Anton von Scheidel

borndied
17311801
a German natural history artist, noted for his botanical illustrations of Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin's Hortus botanicus Vindobonensis (Botanical Garden of Vienna), which was published in three fascicles from 1770 to 1776 and is a description of plants at the university's botanical garden. Included in this work are 300 hand-coloured copper engravings by Fran...
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Elias Vonck

borndied
16051652
a Dutch Golden Age painter, who was born and died in Amsterdam. Very little is known about his life. According to the RKD he worked in Poland 1631-1639, where son Jan was born. He is known for portraits, still lifes, hunting and farm scenes with animals.
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Jan Vonck

borndied
16311664
a Dutch Golden Age painter. He was the son and pupil of his father Elias Vonck, and both were known for paintings of living birds in landscapes and hunting still lifes with dead poultry. He was born in Poland while his father was living there and was working with him in his workshop in Amsterdam by the 1640s. After the death of his father he continued the wo...
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Hendrik Voogd

bornactivedied
1768, Jul 101788-1830s1839, Sep 4
a Dutch painter and printmaker, who was active in Italy. Voogd's works from his first Roman years are primarily drawings with colored wash in the typical late 18th-century linear style. Due to the similarities in style he was nicknamed the 'Dutch Claude Lorrain'. However, in spite of these influences Voogd still retained influences from his Dutch heritage. H...
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Daniel Vosmaer

aka: Daniël
borndied
16221670
a Dutch Golden Age painter. According to the RKD, he was the son of the silversmith Arent Wouteresz, the younger brother of Abraham, the nephew of Jacob Vosmaer, and the nephew of Christiaen van Couwenbergh. Like his uncle Jacob (who was probably his first teacher), he started out painting landscapes and later switched to townscapes, perhaps because of the p...
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Simon Vouet

borndied
1590, Jan 91649, Jun 30
a French painter and draftsman, who today is perhaps best remembered for helping to introduce the Italian Baroque style of painting to France. He spent an extensive period of time in Italy, from 1613 to 1627. He was mostly in Rome where the Baroque style was emerging during these years. Despite his success in Rome, Vouet suddenly returned to France in 1627, ...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Sebastiaan Vrancx

aka: Sebastian, Sebastiaen
borndied
1573, Jan 221647, May 19
a Flemish Baroque painter and etcher of the Antwerp school. Most of his pictures represent biblical scenes or scenes of war, such as the sack of towns, cavalry combats, genre paintings and allegorical subjects.He was at the same time a writer of poetry, comedies and tragicomedies for the chamber of rhetoric De Violieren. He was served as dean of the Antwerp ...
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Cross-listed in Writers

Hans Vredeman de Vries

borndied
15271607
a Dutch Renaissance architect, painter, and engineer. Vredeman de Vries is known for his publication in 1583 on garden design and his books with many examples on ornaments (1565) and perspective (1604). Born in Leeuwarden and raised in Friesland, in 1546 Vredeman de Vries went to Amsterdam and Kampen. In 1549 he moved to Mechelen. Vredeman de Vries tried to ...
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Paul Vredeman de Vries

borndied
15671617
a Flemish painter and draughtsman who specialised in architectural paintings and, in particular, church interiors. He was a son of the Dutch-born architect, painter and engineer Hans Vredeman de Vries who at the time was working in the Southern Netherlands. He specialised in architectural paintings and, in particular, imaginary church interiors and palaces. ...
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Jacob Vrel

aka: Jan, Jacobus, Frel, Frelle, Vreele, Vrelle, Vriel
bornactivedied
unknown1654-16621670
a Dutch Golden Age genre painter. He was a member of the same "school" or artistic style as Pieter de Hooch, showing simple intimate scenes of daily life in towns, often including studies in perspective. Though no evidence for a specific "school" exists, the center of influence seems to have been in the artistic centers of Haarlem and Delft, for artists born...
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Roelof Jansz van Vries

aka: Roelandt van Vries
borndied
16311690 ca
a Dutch Golden Age painter. According to the RKD he is known for landscapes in the manner of more famous Haarlem landscapists such as Jacob van Ruisdael, Meindert Hobbema, Jan Wynants and Philips Wouwerman. He mostly signed his works as Rvries. He is considered the same person as the painter Roelandt van Vries who entered the Leiden Guild of St. Luke in 1653...
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Cornelis Vroom

borndied
15911661, Sep
a Dutch Golden Age landscape painter.H e was the son of the painter Hendrick Cornelisz Vroom, the older brother of Frederick and Jacob, and the father of the painter Jacob Cornelisz Vroom. Like his father, Vroom is best known for his landscapes and seascapes. He was a strong influence on fellow local Haarlem landscapist Jacob van Ruisdael.
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Hendrik Cornelisz Vroom

borndied
1562 ca1640
a Dutch Golden Age painter credited with being the founder of Dutch marine art or seascape painting. Beginning with the "birds-eye" viewpoint of earlier Netherlandish marine art, his later works show a view from lower down, and more realistic depiction of the seas themselves. He is not to be confused with his son and pupil Cornelis Vroom.
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